Village

A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.
A village in Pornainen, Finland
An alpine village in the Lötschental Valley, Switzerland
A berber village in Ourika valley, High Atlas, Morocco
The old village of Hollókő, Nógrád, Hungary (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Mollösund, an example of a common village in Sweden and the Nordics.
A typical rural peasant Indian village in Rajasthan, India
A village in Pakistani Kashmir's Neelum Valley "Dosut"
A typical small village in Hainan, China
Shirakawa-gō, Gifu, Japan
Lug, village in northern Serbia
Kovachevitsa, a village in southern Bulgaria
The village of Kichkalnya, Tatarstan
Mayaky Village, Donetsk, Ukraine
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie in Lot is one of "The Most Beautiful Villages in France".
The village of Collina, part of the Forni Avoltri municipality, in Friuli, Italy
The main street of the village of Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England
Kilmaurs in East Ayrshire, Scotland
Bisley, Gloucestershire, a village in the Cotswolds
The village of Burrawang in New South Wales, Australia
A Newfoundland fishing village
A church in Newfane, Vermont
Oracle, Arizona is an unincorporated rural town often called a village in local media
A village in Kaita, Nigeria

Clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town , with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

- Village
A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.

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Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.

Town

Human settlement.

Human settlement.

Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.
The town of Hancock, Michigan along Quincy Street
The town of Peshtera, Bulgaria
The town of Sastamala, Finland
The town of Salins-les-Bains, France
Putbus on Rügen Island, Germany
Nearly every town in Hong Kong has its own town hall. The picture shows the Sha Tin Town Hall in the town of Sha Tin.
Town of Húsavík in Iceland
A street in Paravur town, India
Satriano di Lucania, a town in the Melandro Valley, Basilicata, South Italy.
The town of Valka, Latvia
The town center of Loboc, Bohol.
Zamość in Poland is an example of a utopian ideal town. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992
The town of Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Bishan, one of Singapore's towns is the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 21st most populated planning area in the country.
View towards St Mary's Cathedral in Visby, Sweden. Visby is one of the most well-preserved former Hanseatic cities in Sweden and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today it is the seat of Gotland Municipality.
Fire station in town of Bohorodchany
A traditional English town centre at Rugby
Bishop's Stortford
The tiny farming community of Wyatt, Indiana

Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world.

The small town of Flora, Oregon in the United States is unincorporated, but is considered a populated place.

Human settlement

Community in which people live.

Community in which people live.

The small town of Flora, Oregon in the United States is unincorporated, but is considered a populated place.
A field landscape of the rural Pajuniemi village in Sastamala, Pirkanmaa, Finland.
Taos Pueblo, an ancient pueblo belonging to a Taos-speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. It is approximately 1000 years old and lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the modern city of Taos, New Mexico.
Some settlement sites may go out of use. This location in Estonia was used for human settlement in 2nd half of first millennium and it is considered an archaeological record, that may provide information on how people lived back then.
Urban structure of Sortavala, a town in Republic of Karelia, Russia
Abandoned buildings in Kolmanskop, Namibia

Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.

Palitana represents the city's symbolic function in the extreme, devoted as it is to Jain temples.

City

Large human settlement.

Large human settlement.

Palitana represents the city's symbolic function in the extreme, devoted as it is to Jain temples.
Hillside housing and graveyard in Kabul
Downtown Pittsburgh sits at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, which become the Ohio.
Kluuvi, a city centre of Helsinki, Finland
The L'Enfant Plan for Washington, D.C., inspired by the design of Versailles, combines a utilitarian grid pattern with diagonal avenues and a symbolic focus on monumental architecture.
This aerial view of the Gush Dan metropolitan area in Israel shows the geometrically planned city of Tel Aviv proper (upper left) as well as Givatayim to the east and some of Bat Yam to the south. Tel Aviv's population is 433,000; the total population of its metropolitan area is 3,785,000.
An arch from the ancient Sumerian city Ur, which flourished in the third millennium BC, can be seen at present-day Tell el-Mukayyar in Iraq
Mohenjo-daro, a city of the Indus Valley Civilization in Pakistan, which was rebuilt six or more times, using bricks of standard size, and adhering to the same grid layout—also in the third millennium BC.
This aerial view of what was once downtown Teotihuacan shows the Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, and the processional avenue serving as the spine of the city's street system.
Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia has existed since the 13th century
Imperial Free Cities in the Holy Roman Empire 1648
This map of Haarlem, the Netherlands, created around 1550, shows the city completely surrounded by a city wall and defensive canal, with its square shape inspired by Jerusalem.
The industrial-based city of Tampere on the shores of the Tammerkoski rapids in 1837.
Diorama of old Gyumri, Armenia with the Holy Saviour's Church (1859–1873)
Small city Gyöngyös in Hungary in 1938.
Graph showing urbanization from 1950 projected to 2050.
Map showing urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006.
The city council of Tehran meets in September 2015.
The city hall in George Town, Malaysia, today serves as the seat of the City Council of Penang Island.
The Dublin Fire Brigade in Dublin, Ireland, quenching a severe fire at a hardware store in 1970
The Ripon Building, the headquarters of Greater Chennai Corporation in Chennai. It is one of the oldest city governing corporations in Asia.
La Plata, Argentina, based on a perfect square with 5196-meter sides, was designed in the 1880s as the new capital of Buenos Aires Province.
Clusters of skyscrapers in Xinyi Special District – the centre of commerce and finance of Taipei City, capital of Taiwan.
Paris is one of the best-known cities in the world.
Nepalese dancers at Edmonton Heritage Festival, an example of the cultural diversity of a city.
Atomic bombing on August 6, 1945, devastated the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Warsaw Old Town after the Warsaw Uprising, 85% of the city was deliberately destroyed.
Traffic congestion in Bandung, West Java
Aqueduct of Segovia in Spain
Gautrain stopped at the O. R. Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg
Transjakarta in Indonesia is the longest bus rapid transit system in the world
Baana, a shared-path rail trail in the center of Helsinki
This urban scene in Paramaribo features a few plants growing amidst solid waste and rubble behind some houses.
Profile of an urban heat island
St Stephen's Green, an urban park in Dublin, Ireland
Central Park in New York City
Stock exchanges, characteristic features of the top global cities, are interconnected hubs for capital. Here, a delegation from Australia is shown visiting the London Stock Exchange.
World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C., United States
John Martin's The Fall of Babylon (1831), depicting chaos as the Persian army occupies Babylon, also symbolizes the ruin of decadent civilization in modern times. Lightning striking the Babylonian ziggurat (also representing the Tower of Babel) indicates God's judgment against the city.

(This arrangement contrasts with the more typically horizontal relationships in a tribe or village accomplishing common goals through informal agreements between neighbors, or through leadership of a chief.) The governments may be based on heredity, religion, military power, work systems such as canal-building, food-distribution, land-ownership, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, finance, or a combination of these.

The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.

Municipality

Usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate.

Usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate.

The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.
Map of all city municipalities in Slovenia
A city or town municipalities (red-colored) with other non-town municipalities in Finland (2020)

In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation, usually within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, municipalities, parishes, rural municipalities, towns, townships, villages, and villes among others. The Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower, upper, and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include counties and regional municipalities. Nova Scotia also has regional municipalities, which include cities, counties, districts, or towns as municipal units.

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants

Urban area

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants
Greater Melbourne, Australia at night, seen from the International Space Station
Urban land area (km2), 2010
Urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006
India gate panorama.
A street sign indicating the beginning of an urban area in Finland. The picture was taken in Vimpeli.
São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Americas, and the world's ninth-largest urban area by population.
Moscow, the capital and largest city of Russia
Saint Petersburg, the cultural capital and the second-largest city
Yekaterinburg, the fourth-largest city in the country.

In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets; in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment.

The hamlet at Oberwil, 3 km from Waldkirch, near St. Gallen (Switzerland)

Hamlet (place)

Small human settlement.

Small human settlement.

The hamlet at Oberwil, 3 km from Waldkirch, near St. Gallen (Switzerland)
Mansikkamäki, a small rural village in Pertunmaa, Finland
The hamlet Kampung Naga in West Java Province, Indonesia
Çobanpınarı, Güzelyurt in Hekimhan, Malatya
Haynes Church End in Bedfordshire

A hamlet in Spain is a human settlement, usually located in rural areas, and typically smaller in size and population than a village (called in Spain, pueblo ).

World administrative levels

Administrative division

Divided.

Divided.

World administrative levels
World political divisions

Village

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County

Administrative divisions of New York (state)

The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County
Albany City Hall, the seat of local government in New York's capital city
The wards of New York City as established in 1683
Map showing municipalities in New York, as well as cities not included within a town. New York City is shown as divided into boroughs.
Sign for the Hamlet of Sand Lake within the Town of Sand Lake, New York
The village of Pomona (red) in Rockland County is partly within two different towns.

In New York, a village is an incorporated area.

Khayelitsha

Township

Kind of human settlement or administrative subdivision, with its meaning varying in different countries.

Kind of human settlement or administrative subdivision, with its meaning varying in different countries.

Khayelitsha
Township boundary marker at Mungrisdale, Cumbria. The marker has been restored for historical purposes.

In Australia, the designation of "township" traditionally refers to a small town or a small community in a rural district; such a place in England might qualify as a village or a hamlet.

The Barossa Valley in South Australia is an area noted for vineyards.

Rural area

Geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

Geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

The Barossa Valley in South Australia is an area noted for vineyards.
Rice terraces in Kami, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.
A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000.
A rural landscape near Mount Shasta in California
A typical countryside scene in rural Yorkshire Dales, England.
A rural village in Rajasthan, India
Amra Kalan village in Kharian, Pakistan

Rural areas are also known as the 'countryside' or a 'village' in India.