Viminacium

Viminatium
Viminacium ( VIMINACIUM ) or Viminatium was a major city (provincial capital) and military camp of the Roman province of Moesia (today's Serbia), and the capital of Moesia Superior (hence once Metropolitan archbishopric, now a Latin titular see).wikipedia
178 Related Articles

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
Viminacium ( VIMINACIUM ) or Viminatium was a major city (provincial capital) and military camp of the Roman province of Moesia (today's Serbia), and the capital of Moesia Superior (hence once Metropolitan archbishopric, now a Latin titular see).
The chief towns of Upper Moesia (and wider) were: Singidunum (Belgrade), Viminacium (now Old Kostolac), Remesiana (now Bela Palanka), Naissos (Niš), and Sirmium (now Sremska Mitrovica), the latter of which served as a Roman capital during the Tetrarchy.

Kostolac

municipality of KostolacOld KostolacTPP Kostolac
The site is located 12 km from the modern town of Kostolac in Eastern Serbia. The remains of Viminacium, the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, are located on territories of the villages of Stari Kostolac and Drmno, about 12 km from the town of Kostolac and about 90 miles southeast of Belgrade.
The remains of the Roman capital of the province of Moesia Superior Viminacium are located near Stari Kostolac some 2 km to the east of Kostolac.

Via Militaris

Via Diagonalisroad to Constantinoplevia miltaris
It lies on the Roman road Via Militaris.
Via Militaris or Via Diagonalis was an ancient Roman road, starting from Singidunum (today the Serbian capital Belgrade), passing by Danube coast to Viminacium (mod.

Moesia

Moesia InferiorMoesia SuperiorLower Moesia
Viminacium ( VIMINACIUM ) or Viminatium was a major city (provincial capital) and military camp of the Roman province of Moesia (today's Serbia), and the capital of Moesia Superior (hence once Metropolitan archbishopric, now a Latin titular see). The remains of Viminacium, the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, are located on territories of the villages of Stari Kostolac and Drmno, about 12 km from the town of Kostolac and about 90 miles southeast of Belgrade.
The chief towns of Upper Moesia in the Principate were: Singidunum (Belgrade), Viminacium (sometimes called municipium Aelium; modern Kostolac), Remesiana (Bela Palanka), Bononia (Vidin), Ratiaria (Archar) and Skupi (modern Skopje); of Lower Moesia: Oescus (colonia Ulpia, Gigen), Novae (near Svishtov, the chief seat of Theodoric the Great), Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikup; really near the river Yantra), Marcianopolis (Devnya), Odessus (Varna) and Tomis (Constanţa; to which the poet Ovid was banished).

Huns

HunHunnicHunnic Empire
Viminacium was devastated by Huns in the 5th century, but was later rebuilt by Justinian.
War broke out between the Huns and Romans, and the Huns overcame a weak Roman army to raze the cities of Margus, Singidunum and Viminacium.

Maurice's Balkan campaigns

Balkan CampaigncampaignsBalkan Campaigns
During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, Viminacium saw destruction by the Avars in 582 and a crushing defeat of Avar forces on the northern Danube bank in 599, destroying Avar reputation for invincibility.
The Avars quickly moved east and captured Viminacium and Augustae, and they began attacking as far southeast as Anchialus after only three months of war.

Ratiaria

archbishop of RatiariaColonia Ulpia RatiariaRaciaria
In 33/34 AD a road was built, linking Viminacium and Ratiaria.
In 33/34 AD Tiberius built the road linking the Danube forts including Viminacium and Ratiaria.

Diocletian

Emperor DiocletianDiocletian ReformsDiocletianus
In the late spring of 293-294, Diocletian journeyed through his realm and he re-organized Viminacium as the capital of the new province of Moesia Superior Margensis.
In modern accounts, the site has been located between the Mons Aureus (Seone, west of Smederevo) and Viminacium, near modern Belgrade, Serbia.

Oescus

Ulpia OescusColonia Ulpia OescensiumŒscus
Claudius (41-54) garrisoned Viminacium, Oescus and Novae as camps for the Moesian legions.
# The Danube road: Singidunum (Belgrade) – Viminacium (Costolac) – Ratiaria – Oescus – Novae (Steklen by Svistov) – Durostorum (Silistra) – mouth of the Danube River.

Attila

Attila the HunEtzelAtilla the Hun
Viminacium was destroyed in 441 by Attila the Hun, but rebuilt by Justinian I.
Crossing the Danube, they laid waste to the cities of Illyricum and forts on the river, including (according to Priscus) Viminacium, a city of Moesia.

Pannonian Avars

AvarsAvarAvar Khaganate
During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, Viminacium saw destruction by the Avars in 582 and a crushing defeat of Avar forces on the northern Danube bank in 599, destroying Avar reputation for invincibility.
When the Byzantines refused to increase the stipend amount as requested by Bayan's son and successor Bayan II (from 584), the Avars proceeded to capture Singidunum and Viminacium.

Miloje Vasić

His research was continued by Miloje Vasić, the first Serbian trained archaeologist, in the mid 1890s.
After graduating in Belgrade, he already published two noted, scientifically well documented works in Starinar, oldest journal of the Serbian archaeological society, on Roman cities of Pincum (known for Pincum relief) and Viminacium, modern Veliko Gradište and Kostolac, respectively.

Legio IV Flavia Felix

IV Flavia Felixfourth legionIV ''Flavia Felix
Viminacium was the base camp of Legio VII Claudia, and hosted for some time the IIII Flavia Felix.
After the Dacian invasion of 86, Domitian moved the legion to Moesia Superior, in Singidunum (modern Belgrade, Serbia), although there is some evidence of the presence of this legion, of one of its vexillationes in Viminacium (near modern-day Kostolac, Serbia), base of VII Claudia.

Battles of Viminacium

open battleAfter being defeatedcrushing defeat
During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, Viminacium saw destruction by the Avars in 582 and a crushing defeat of Avar forces on the northern Danube bank in 599, destroying Avar reputation for invincibility.
The generals joined their forces at Singidunum and advanced together down the river to Viminacium.

Archaeological Sites of Exceptional Importance (Serbia)

Archaeological Sites of Exceptional ImportanceArchaeological Site of Exceptional ImportanceList

Unguentarium

unguentariabalsamariumglass balsamarium
There were 8 instruments in the bronze box (tweezers, scalpels, needles, cataract needles, stone palette, glass balsamarium).

Kostolac Airport

The Airport is close to the ancient Roman city of Viminacium.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Viminacium ( VIMINACIUM ) or Viminatium was a major city (provincial capital) and military camp of the Roman province of Moesia (today's Serbia), and the capital of Moesia Superior (hence once Metropolitan archbishopric, now a Latin titular see).

Diocese

bishopricarchdiocesediocesan
Viminacium ( VIMINACIUM ) or Viminatium was a major city (provincial capital) and military camp of the Roman province of Moesia (today's Serbia), and the capital of Moesia Superior (hence once Metropolitan archbishopric, now a Latin titular see).

Slavs

SlavicSlavSlavic peoples
It was completely destroyed with the arrival of Slavs in the 6th century.

Belgrade

Belgrade, SerbiaBeogradBelgrad
The remains of Viminacium, the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, are located on territories of the villages of Stari Kostolac and Drmno, about 12 km from the town of Kostolac and about 90 miles southeast of Belgrade.

Mlava

Mlava Riverriver Mlava
No less appealing to the Romans was the hinterland of the Mlava river valley, which is rich in ore and grains.

Danube

Danube RiverRiver DanubeDanubian
In Roman times, the town on the northern side of relying directly on the branch of the Danube, while the western side, touching the walls Mlava rivers.

Hadrian

Emperor HadrianHadrianicPublius Aelius Hadrianus
In 117 during the reign of Hadrian it received city status.