Vineyard

vineyardswine estatevineriesvinevinyardsestate winegrapesvineryestate vineyardsestate-bottled wine
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.wikipedia
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Winemaking

wine makingwine productionvinification
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
Grapes are usually harvested from the vineyard from early September until early November in the northern hemisphere, and mid February until early March in the southern hemisphere.

Great French Wine Blight

phylloxera epidemicdevastatingPhylloxera
However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America.
The Great French Wine Blight was a severe blight of the mid-19th century that destroyed many of the vineyards in France and laid waste the wine industry.

Soil

soilsdirtsoil moisture
Vineyards are often on located on hillsides and planted in soil that is of only marginal value to other plants.
Olivier de Serres, considered as the father of French agronomy, was the first to suggest the abandonment of fallowing and its replacement by hay meadows within crop rotations, and he highlighted the importance of soil (the French terroir) in the management of vineyards.

Vineyard designated wine

single vineyardvineyard designated winessingle vineyard designated wine
* Vineyard designated wine
A vineyard designated wine is a wine produced from the product of a single vineyard with that vineyard's name appearing on the wine label.

Vine pull schemes

uprootedvine pulling schemevine pull scheme
Grape changes are often in response to changing consumer demand but sometimes result from vine pull schemes designed to promote vineyard change.
In the first five years of the program, growers, mainly in southern France and southern Italy, were paid to destroy 320,000 hectares or 790400 acre of vineyard.

Plantation

plantationscotton plantationsugar plantation
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Grape

grapeswine grapewhite grape
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Vine

climberclimbing plantclimbers
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Raisin

raisinssultanasgolden raisin
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Table grape

table grapestabletable consumption
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Grape juice

juicecupgrape juices
A vineyard (, also ) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.

Viticulture

winegrowingviticulturalviticulturist
The science, practice and study of vineyard production is known as viticulture.

Terroir

terroirsplantation areasterrior
A vineyard is often characterised by its terroir, a French term loosely translating as "a sense of place" that refers to the specific geographical and geological characteristics of grapevine plantations, which may be imparted in the wine.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
A vineyard is often characterised by its terroir, a French term loosely translating as "a sense of place" that refers to the specific geographical and geological characteristics of grapevine plantations, which may be imparted in the wine.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
In medieval Europe the Church was a staunch supporter of wine, which was necessary for the celebration of the Mass. During the lengthy instability of the Middle Ages, the monasteries maintained and developed viticultural practices, having the resources, security, stability and interest in improving the quality of their vines.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
In medieval Europe the Church was a staunch supporter of wine, which was necessary for the celebration of the Mass.

Mass (liturgy)

MassMassesHoly Mass
In medieval Europe the Church was a staunch supporter of wine, which was necessary for the celebration of the Mass.

Monastery

monasteriesmonasticmonastic community
During the lengthy instability of the Middle Ages, the monasteries maintained and developed viticultural practices, having the resources, security, stability and interest in improving the quality of their vines.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
They owned and tended the best vineyards in Europe and vinum theologium was considered superior to all others. European vineyards were planted with a wide variety of the Vitis vinifera grape.

Vitis vinifera

viniferagrapeV. vinifera
European vineyards were planted with a wide variety of the Vitis vinifera grape.

Plant

Plantaeplantsflora
However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America.

Louse

licePhthirapteranit
However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America.

Phylloxera

Phylloxera vastatrixgrape phylloxeraphylloxera plague
However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
However, in the late 19th century, the entire species was nearly destroyed by the plant louse phylloxera accidentally introduced to Europe from North America.

Vitis labrusca

labruscafox grapeV. labrusca
Native American grapevines include varieties such as Vitis labrusca, which is resistant to the bug.