Violence Against Women Act

Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013Violence Against Women Act of 1994Violence Against Women Reauthorization ActViolence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA 2013)2005 Violence Against Women Act2013 VAWA reauthorizationVAWAViolence Against Women Act (VAWAViolence Against Women Act (VAWA)Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA)
The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) was a United States federal law (Title IV, sec. 40001-40703 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, ) signed as by President Bill Clinton on September 13, 1994 (codified in part at 42 U.S.C. sections 13701 through 14040).wikipedia
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Office on Violence Against Women

OVWoffice of Violence Against Women
The Act also established the Office on Violence Against Women within the Department of Justice.
The United States Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) was created following the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994.

Joe Biden

Joseph BidenBidenVice President Joe Biden
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.
Biden led the efforts to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and the Violence Against Women Act.

United States v. Morrison

Antonio MorrisonU.S. v. MorrisonChristy Brzonkala
In the 2000 Supreme Court case United States v. Morrison, a sharply divided Court struck down the VAWA provision allowing women the right to sue their attackers in federal court.
The Court held that parts of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 were unconstitutional because they exceeded the powers granted to Congress under the Commerce Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.

Violence against women

violencegender violencegender-based violence
The ACLU, in its July 27, 2005 'Letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee Regarding the Violence Against Women Act of 2005, S. 1197' stated that "VAWA is one of the most effective pieces of legislation enacted to end domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. It has dramatically improved the law enforcement response to violence against women and has provided critical services necessary to support women in their struggle to overcome abusive situations".

Commerce Clause

interstate commerceInterstate Commerce Clauseinterstate
By a 5–4 majority, the Court overturned the provision as exceeding the federal government's powers under the Commerce Clause.
The Lopez decision was clarified in United States v. Morrison, in which the Supreme Court invalidated § 40302 of the Violence Against Women Act ("VAWA").

Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe

OliphantOliphant v. Suquamish TribeOliphant v. Suquamish
By repealing a portion of the 1978 Oliphant v. Suquamish ruling, such a provision could alter the constitutional balance between federal, state, and tribal power.
Congress partially abrogated the Court's holding in Oliphant when it enacted the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 which recognizes Tribes' criminal jurisdiction over non-Indian perpetrators of domestic violence occurring in Indian Country when the victim is Indian.

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000

Trafficking Victims Protection ActVictims of Trafficking and Violence Protection ActTrafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000
The Senate had tacked on the Trafficking Victims Protection Act which is another bone of contention due to a clause which requires provision of reproductive health services to victims of sex trafficking.
In 2013, the entirety of the Trafficking Victims Protection was attached as an amendment to the Violence Against Women Act and passed.

Barack Obama

ObamaPresident ObamaPresident Barack Obama
On March 7, 2013, President Barack Obama signed the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. Official federal government groups that have developed, being established by President Barack Obama, in relation to the Violence Against Women Act include the White House Council on Women and Girls and the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault.
The Task Force was a development out of the White House Council on Women and Girls and Office of the Vice President of the United States, and prior to that the 1994 Violence Against Women Act first drafted by Biden.

Women's shelter

shelterwomen's refugedomestic violence shelter
More recent programs, such as those funded by the Violence Against Women Act, offer longer term stays for women.

Full Faith and Credit Clause

full faith and creditArticle IV Section 1enshrined in Article IV
When a woman—the Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence generally refers to petitioners as female as most are women —is the beneficiary of an order of protection, per VAWA it was generally enforceable nationwide under the terms of full faith and credit.
The Full Faith and Credit Clause has been applied to orders of protection, for which the clause was invoked by the Violence Against Women Act, and child support, for which the enforcement of the clause was spelled out in the Federal Full Faith and Credit for Child Support Orders Act.

Vicky Hartzler

Vicky Zellmer
However, several, including Steve King (R-Iowa), Bill Johnson (R-Ohio), Tim Walberg (R-Michigan), Vicky Hartzler (R-Missouri), Keith Rothfus (R-Pennsylvania), and Tim Murphy (R-Pennsylvania), claimed to have voted in favor of the act.
Hartzler voted against the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.

White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault

bystanders in The White HouseIt's On Us
Official federal government groups that have developed, being established by President Barack Obama, in relation to the Violence Against Women Act include the White House Council on Women and Girls and the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault.
While formed through an official government memorandum on January 22, 2014, the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault exists as part of a lineage of government interventions against sexual violence, notably the White House Council on Women and Girls formed in 2009 and the Violence Against Women Act first drafted by Biden when he was a senator in 1994.

Rape shield law

rape shield lawsshield lawprotects complainants in prosecutions for sexual offences
The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 created a federal rape shield law.

Law of the United States

United States federal lawUnited States lawAmerican lawyer
The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) was a United States federal law (Title IV, sec.

Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act

Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 19941994 Crime Bill1994 Crime Control Bill
40001-40703 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, ) signed as by President Bill Clinton on September 13, 1994 (codified in part at 42 U.S.C. sections 13701 through 14040).

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
40001-40703 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, ) signed as by President Bill Clinton on September 13, 1994 (codified in part at 42 U.S.C. sections 13701 through 14040).

Bill Clinton

ClintonPresident ClintonPresident Bill Clinton
40001-40703 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, ) signed as by President Bill Clinton on September 13, 1994 (codified in part at 42 U.S.C. sections 13701 through 14040).

United States Department of Justice

Department of JusticeU.S. Department of JusticeJustice Department
The Act also established the Office on Violence Against Women within the Department of Justice.

United States Senate

U.S. SenatorUnited States SenatorU.S. Senate
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.

Delaware

DEState of DelawareGeography of Delaware
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.

Orrin Hatch

Orrin G. HatchSenator HatchHatch
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.

Republican Party (United States)

RepublicanRepublican PartyR
VAWA was cosponsored by Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) (R-UT) in 1994 and gained support from a broad coalition of advocacy groups.