Viral replication

replicationreplicatevirus replicationreplicatesclass IVdouble-stranded DNAintroduced to the cellreplication cyclereplication of virusesreplicative virus
Viral replication is the formation of biological viruses during the infection process in the target host cells.wikipedia
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Virus

virusesviralvirion
Viral replication is the formation of biological viruses during the infection process in the target host cells.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism.

Transcription (biology)

transcriptiontranscribedtranscriptional
For others with negative stranded RNA and DNA, viruses are produced by transcription then translation.
This is because the positive-sense strand contains the information needed to translate the viral proteins for viral replication afterwards.

Reoviridae

reovirusdouble-stranded RNAREO virus
This class includes two major families, the Reoviridae and Birnaviridae.
The viruses replicate in both the plant and the insect, generally causing disease in the plant, but little or no harm to the infected insect.

Picornavirus

Picornaviridaepicornavirusespicorna
Examples of this class include the families Coronaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Picornaviridae.
The plaque assay was developed using poliovirus; the discovery of viral replication in culture was also with poliovirus in 1949.

Host (biology)

hostintermediate hosthosts
The host cell must

Energy

energy transferenergiestotal energy
provide the energy and synthetic machinery and the low molecular-weight precursors for the synthesis of viral proteins and nucleic acids.

Messenger RNA

mRNAmRNAstranscripts
For some RNA viruses, the infecting RNA produces messenger RNA (mRNA).

Cell (biology)

cellcellscellular
The virus attaches to the cell membrane of the host cell.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic aciddouble-stranded DNAdsDNA
It then injects its DNA or RNA into the host to initiate infection.

RNA

ribonucleic aciddsRNAdouble-stranded RNA
For some RNA viruses, the infecting RNA produces messenger RNA (mRNA). It then injects its DNA or RNA into the host to initiate infection.

Endocytosis

endocytosedendocyticinternalization
In animal cells these viruses get into the cell through the process of endocytosis which works through fusing of the virus and fusing of the viral envelope with the cell membrane of the animal cell and in plant cell it enters through the process of pinocytosis which works on pinching of the viruses.

Viral envelope

envelopedenvelopenonenveloped
In animal cells these viruses get into the cell through the process of endocytosis which works through fusing of the virus and fusing of the viral envelope with the cell membrane of the animal cell and in plant cell it enters through the process of pinocytosis which works on pinching of the viruses.

Pinocytosis

macropinocytosispinocytoticpinocytotic vesicles
In animal cells these viruses get into the cell through the process of endocytosis which works through fusing of the virus and fusing of the viral envelope with the cell membrane of the animal cell and in plant cell it enters through the process of pinocytosis which works on pinching of the viruses. The cell membrane of the host cell invaginates the virus particle, enclosing it in a pinocytotic vacoule.

Vacuole

vacuolesvacuolarvacuolated
The cell membrane of the host cell invaginates the virus particle, enclosing it in a pinocytotic vacoule.

Antibody

antibodiesimmunoglobulinimmunoglobulins
This protects the cell from antibodies like in the case of the HIV virus.

HIV

human immunodeficiency virusHIV-positiveHIV positive
This protects the cell from antibodies like in the case of the HIV virus.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
Cell enzymes (from lysosomes) strip off the virus protein coat.

Lysosome

lysosomallysosomeslysosomal enzymes
Cell enzymes (from lysosomes) strip off the virus protein coat.

Protein

proteinsproteinaceousstructural proteins
Cell enzymes (from lysosomes) strip off the virus protein coat.

Cytoplasm

cytoplasmiccytosolicintracytoplasmic
This may take place in the cell's nucleus, cytoplasm, or at plasma membrane for most developed viruses.

Cell membrane

plasma membranemembranecell membranes
The virus attaches to the cell membrane of the host cell. This may take place in the cell's nucleus, cytoplasm, or at plasma membrane for most developed viruses.

Dormancy

dormantbrumationbrumate
The new viruses may invade or attack other cells, or remain dormant in the cell.