Virginia City, Montana

Virginia CityVirginia City, Montana TerritoryAlder Gulch Short Line RailroadVirginia City, Madison County, Montana
Virginia City is a town in and the county seat of Madison County, Montana, United States.wikipedia
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Madison County, Montana

MadisonMadison CountyMontana
Virginia City is a town in and the county seat of Madison County, Montana, United States.
Its county seat is Virginia City.

Virginia City Historic District (Virginia City, Montana)

Virginia City Historic DistrictVirginia City, Montana
In 1961 the town and the surrounding area were designated a National Historic Landmark District, the Virginia City Historic District.
The Virginia City Historic District is a National Historic Landmark District encompassing Virginia City, Montana, United States.

Montana

MTState of MontanaMontana, USA
Virginia City is a town in and the county seat of Madison County, Montana, United States.
The richest of all gold placer diggings was discovered at Alder Gulch, where the town of Virginia City was established.

Bannack, Montana

BannackBannack State ParkBannock, Montana
In May 1863, a group of prospectors were headed toward the Yellowstone River and instead came upon a party of the Crow tribe and was forced to return to Bannack. Up to 15 road agents were hanged by the vigilantes in December 1863 and January 1864, including the sheriff of Bannack, Montana and alleged leader of the road agent gang, Henry Plummer.
Founded in 1862 and named after the local Bannock Indians, it was the site of a major gold discovery in 1862, and served as the capital of Montana Territory briefly in 1864, until the capital was moved to Virginia City.

Yellowstone River

Yellowstone2015 Yellowstone River oil spillupper Yellowstone River
In May 1863, a group of prospectors were headed toward the Yellowstone River and instead came upon a party of the Crow tribe and was forced to return to Bannack.
Gold was discovered near Virginia City, Montana in the 1860s, and two of the primary routes for accessing the gold fields were the Bozeman Trail and the Bridger Trail both of which followed the Yellowstone for a short length.

Montana Vigilantes

Vigilance Committee of Alder GulchVigilantesvigilance committees
This resulted in the formation of the Vigilance committee of Alder Gulch and the infamous Montana Vigilantes.
The Alder Gulch find became one of the largest placer mining gold fields in the western U.S. The mining settlements of Virginia City and Nevada City, Montana, which sprang up in Alder Gulch, boasted thousands of prospectors and fortune seekers by the end of 1863.

Helena, Montana

HelenaHelena, MTMontana
It remained the capital until April 19, 1875 when it moved to Helena, Montana.
Gold strikes in Idaho Territory in the early 1860s attracted many migrants who initiated major gold rushes at Grasshopper Creek (Bannack) and Alder Gulch (Virginia City) in 1862 and 1863 respectively.

Nevada City, Montana

Nevada City
The narrow gauge Alder Gulch Short Line Railroad transports passengers by rail to the nearby ghost town of Nevada City, Montana, and back.
In the 1880s, it was one of the two major centers of Commerce in what was known as one of the "Richest Gold Strikes in the Rocky Mountain West", sharing this role with its sister city Virginia City.

Vigilantism

vigilantevigilantesvigilante justice
Up to 15 road agents were hanged by the vigilantes in December 1863 and January 1864, including the sheriff of Bannack, Montana and alleged leader of the road agent gang, Henry Plummer.

Bozeman, Montana

BozemanBozeman, MTBozeman (MT)
In 1863 John Bozeman, along with a partner named John Jacobs, opened the Bozeman Trail, a new northern trail off the Oregon Trail leading to the mining town of Virginia City through the Gallatin Valley and the future location of the city of Bozeman.

Calamity Jane

American frontierswoman of the same nameCalamity JanCalamity" Jane
In 1865, Robert and his family moved by wagon train from Missouri to Virginia City, Montana.

Henry Plummer

Henry PlumberPlummerSheriff Henry Plummer
Up to 15 road agents were hanged by the vigilantes in December 1863 and January 1864, including the sheriff of Bannack, Montana and alleged leader of the road agent gang, Henry Plummer.
At the time Bannack and Virginia City, Montana were part of a remote region of the Idaho Territory; there was no formal law enforcement or justice system for the area.

Bozeman Trail

BozemanBozeman [TrailMontana road
In 1863, John Bozeman and John Jacobs scouted for a direct route from Virginia City, Montana to central Wyoming to connect with the Oregon Trail, then the major passage to the West Coast.

Vigilance committee

citizens committeeCitizens Safety CommitteeCommittee of Vigilance
This resulted in the formation of the Vigilance committee of Alder Gulch and the infamous Montana Vigilantes.

Gold rush

goldrushgold rushesGold was discovered
Within weeks Virginia City was a boomtown of thousands of prospectors and fortune seekers in the midst of a gold rush.

Helen M. Duncan

Born in 1910 in Medford, Oregon, Duncan grew up near Virginia City, Montana.

Sarah Bickford

After arriving in the gold rush town of Virginia City (then the territorial capital), she worked briefly as a chambermaid at the Madison Hotel before marrying miner John Brown in 1872.

William Boyce Thompson

Boyce ThompsonWilliam B. ThompsonWilliam Thompson
Born in Virginia City, Montana, and raised in Butte, he was schooled in the rough mining towns of southwest Montana - but also at Phillips Exeter Academy and the Columbia School of Mines.

Joseph Millard

Joseph H. MillardJoseph Hopkins Millard
He moved to Montana in 1864; through the assistance of an Iowa capitalist, he opened a bank in Virginia City, Montana.

Nelson Story

Nelson Story, Sr.
Later, as a merchant operating in the Bannack and Virginia City, Montana, Story participated in the vigilante committees that ultimately hanged 21 criminals, including Henry Plummer.

Sam V. Stewart

Samuel V. Stewart
Stewart practiced law in Virginia City, Montana, where he served as city attorney and county attorney for Madison County, Montana.

George L. Shoup

George ShoupGeorge Laird Shoup
After the war, Shoup moved to Virginia City, Montana Territory, and then settled across the continental divide in Salmon, a city in Idaho Territory that he helped found.

Granville Stuart

With the discovery of gold in Alder Gulch in the summer of 1863, most of the inhabitants of the valley moved south to Virginia City including the Stuarts.

Joseph Alfred Slade

Jack SladeJoseph A. "Jack" SladeJacques Slade
During a drunken spree in Virginia City, Montana, he was lynched by local vigilantes on March 10, 1864, for disturbing the peace.

The Missouri Breaks

The film The Missouri Breaks (1976) was partly filmed in Virginia City.
The movie was filmed on location in Montana: Billings, Bovey Restorations, Nevada City, Red Lodge, and Virginia City.