Virtue ethics

Aretaic turnvirtue theoryvirtuevirtue ethicistvirtuesAretaicvirtue ethiccharactercharacter as the primary determinant of moral worthcharacter-based motives'' are morally more fundamental than ''actions
Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind, character and sense of honesty.wikipedia
268 Related Articles

Socrates

SocraticSokratesSocrate
Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics.
470 – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher of the Western ethical tradition of thought.

Normative ethics

normativenormative ethicalnormative ethical theories
Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind, character and sense of honesty.
Virtue ethics focuses on the character of those who are acting, while both deontological ethics and consequentialism focus on the status of the action, rule, or disposition itself.

Rosalind Hursthouse

Rosalind Hursthouse says: A virtue such as honesty or generosity is not just a tendency to do what is honest or generous, nor is it to be helpfully specified as a “desirable” or “morally valuable” character trait.
Mary Rosalind Hursthouse (born 10 November 1943) is a British-born New Zealand moral philosopher noted for her work on virtue ethics.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics.
His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics, such as in the thinking of Alasdair MacIntyre and Philippa Foot.

David Hume

HumeHumeanHume, David
This tradition was prominent in the intellectual life of 16th-century Italy, as well as 17th- and 18th-century Britain and America; indeed the term "virtue" appears frequently in the work of Niccolò Machiavelli, David Hume, the republicans of the English Civil War period, the 18th-century English Whigs, and the prominent figures among the Scottish Enlightenment and the American Founding Fathers.
Hume's moral theory has been seen as a unique attempt to synthesise the modern sentimentalist moral tradition to which Hume belonged, with the virtue ethics tradition of ancient philosophy, with which Hume concurred in regarding traits of character, rather than acts or their consequences, as ultimately the proper objects of moral evaluation.

Philippa Foot

FootPhilippa R. FootPhilippa Ruth Bosanquet
She argues that contemporary virtue ethicists such as Alasdair MacIntyre, Bernard Williams, Philippa Foot, and John McDowell have few points of agreement, and that the common core of their work does not represent a break from Kant.
Philippa Ruth Foot (née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – 3 October 2010), an English philosopher, was one of the founders of contemporary virtue ethics, inspired by the ethics of Aristotle.

G. E. M. Anscombe

Elizabeth AnscombeG.E.M. AnscombeAnscombe
Anscombe's 1958 article "Modern Moral Philosophy" introduced the term consequentialism into the language of analytic philosophy, and had a seminal influence on contemporary virtue ethics.

Virtue jurisprudence

In political theory, there has been discussion of "virtue politics", and in legal theory, there is a small but growing body of literature on virtue jurisprudence.
In the philosophy of law, virtue jurisprudence is the set of theories of law related to virtue ethics.

Virtue epistemology

virtue epistemologistsvirtue-epistemological theories
One of these is epistemology, where a distinctive virtue epistemology has been developed by Linda Zagzebski and others.
Some advocates of virtue epistemology claim to more closely follow theories of virtue ethics, while others see only a looser analogy between virtue in ethics and virtue in epistemology.

After Virtue

As Alasdair MacIntyre observed in After Virtue, thinkers as diverse as: Homer; the authors of the New Testament; Thomas Aquinas; and Benjamin Franklin; have all proposed lists.
After Virtue is among the most important texts in the recent revival of virtue ethics.

Stoicism

StoicStoicsStoic philosophy
Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics.
Alongside Aristotelian ethics, the Stoic tradition forms one of the major founding approaches to Western virtue ethics.

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

Linda ZagzebskiZagzebskiZagzebski, Linda
One of these is epistemology, where a distinctive virtue epistemology has been developed by Linda Zagzebski and others.
She writes in the areas of epistemology, philosophy of religion, and virtue theory.

Modern Stoicism

Modern Stoic philosophy
Modern Stoicism arose as part of the late 20th century surge of interest in virtue ethics.

Modern Moral Philosophy

The article has influenced the emergence of contemporary virtue ethics, especially through the work of Alasdair MacIntyre.

Arete

aretēἀρετήArete (excellence)
Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind, character and sense of honesty.

Stanley Hauerwas

Hauerwas, SHauerwas, Stanley
Among his most important contributions to modern theology are his advocacy of and work related to virtue ethics and postliberal theology.

Alasdair MacIntyre

MacIntyreMacIntyre, AlasdairAlasdair C. MacIntyre
She argues that contemporary virtue ethicists such as Alasdair MacIntyre, Bernard Williams, Philippa Foot, and John McDowell have few points of agreement, and that the common core of their work does not represent a break from Kant. As Alasdair MacIntyre observed in After Virtue, thinkers as diverse as: Homer; the authors of the New Testament; Thomas Aquinas; and Benjamin Franklin; have all proposed lists.
In general terms, the task of After Virtue is to account both for the dysfunction of modern moral discourse in modern society and to rehabilitate the alternative of teleological rationality in Aristotelian virtue ethics.

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas AquinasAquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas
As Alasdair MacIntyre observed in After Virtue, thinkers as diverse as: Homer; the authors of the New Testament; Thomas Aquinas; and Benjamin Franklin; have all proposed lists. During the scholastic period, the most comprehensive consideration of the virtues from a theological perspective was provided by St. Thomas Aquinas in his Summa Theologiae and his Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics.
Many modern ethicists both within and outside the Catholic Church (notably Philippa Foot and Alasdair MacIntyre) have recently commented on the possible use of Thomas's virtue ethics as a way of avoiding utilitarianism or Kantian "sense of duty" (called deontology).

Michael Slote

Michael A. Slote
He argues that virtue ethics, in a particular form which draws on the concept of an ethics of care, offers significant intuitive and structural advantages over deontology, utilitarianism, and common-sense morality.

Julia Annas

Annas, Julia
Julia Annas has advocated ethics based on character, building on ideas attributed to Greek philosopher, Aristotle and making them relevant for contemporary moral discourse.

Temperance (virtue)

temperanceDamadamah
Discussion of what were known as the Four Cardinal Virtues – wisdom, justice, fortitude, and temperance – can be found in Plato's Republic.

Consequentialism

consequentialistthe end justifies the meansconsequences
Virtue ethics can be contrasted to deontological ethics and consequentialist ethics by an examination of the other two (the three being together the most predominant contemporary normative ethical theories).
It is also contrasted with virtue ethics, which focuses on the character of the agent rather than on the nature or consequences of the act (or omission) itself, and pragmatic ethics which treats morality like science: advancing socially over the course of many lifetimes, such that any moral criterion is subject to revision.

Deontological ethics

deontologicaldeontologymoral obligation
Virtue ethics can be contrasted to deontological ethics and consequentialist ethics by an examination of the other two (the three being together the most predominant contemporary normative ethical theories).
Deontological ethics is commonly contrasted to consequentialism, virtue ethics, and pragmatic ethics.

Nicomachean Ethics

EthicsEthica NicomacheaAristotle's ''Ethics
During the scholastic period, the most comprehensive consideration of the virtues from a theological perspective was provided by St. Thomas Aquinas in his Summa Theologiae and his Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics.

Jiyuan Yu

Jiyuan Yu (July 5, 1964 – November 3, 2016) was a moral philosopher noted for his work on virtue ethics.