One of the few surviving structures on Vishalgad

Jagir during the Maratha Empire and then later part of the Deccan States Agency of the British Raj.

- Vishalgad

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Kolhapur State

Maratha princely State of India, under the Deccan Division of the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency.

Kolhapur State Map, 1912
New Palace, Kolhapur
Kolhapur State Map, 1912
Maharani Tarabai. Founder of the Karvir State
Rajarshi Shahu of Kolhapur (r. 1894 – 1922)
Royal family of the erstwhile Kolhapur state in 2011

The rebellion began with soldiers locking themselves into hill-forts such as those as Panhala and Vishalgad, and then spread to Kolhapur itself.


Indian ruler and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan.

Shivaji's portrait (1680s) from the collection of British Museum
Shivneri Fort
South India at the turn of the 17th century
An early-20th-century painting by Sawlaram Haldankar of Shivaji fighting the Bijapuri general Afzal Khan
A 20th century depiction of Shivaji's surprise attack on Mughal general Shaista Khan in Pune by M.V. Dhurandhar
Raja Jai Singh of Amber receiving Shivaji a day before concluding the Treaty of Purandar
20th century depiction by M.V. Dhurandhar of Raja Shivaji at the court of Mughal Badshah, Aurangzeb.
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
20th century depiction of the Coronation Durbar with over 100 characters depicted in attendance by M.V. Dhurandhar
Sambhaji, Shivaji's elder son who succeeded him
Sajjangad, where Samarth Ramdas was invited by Shivaji to reside, is now a place of pilgrimage.
Royal seal of Shivaji
Suvela Machi, view of southern sub-plateaux, as seen from Ballekilla, Rajgad
Sindudurg Fort provided anchorages for Shivaji's Navy
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1758
An early-20th-century painting by M. V. Dhurandhar of Shivaji and Baji Prabhu at Pawan Khind
A miniature Bronze statue of Shivaji Maharaj in the collection of the Shri Bhavani Museum of Aundh
Statue of Shivaji at Raigad Fort
A replica of Raigad Fort built by children on occasion of Diwali as a tribute to Shivaji.

Shivaji escaped from Panhala by cover of night, and as he was pursued by the enemy cavalry, his Maratha sardar Baji Prabhu Deshpande of Bandal Deshmukh, along with 300 soldiers, volunteered to fight to the death to hold back the enemy at Ghod Khind ("horse ravine") to give Shivaji and the rest of the army a chance to reach the safety of the Vishalgad fort.

Maratha Empire

Confederacy that came to dominate a large portion of early modern India in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

The Mughal siege of Raigad continued, and he had to flee to Vishalgad and then to Gingee for safety.

Deccan States Agency

Political agency of British India, managing the relations of the British government of the Bombay Presidency with a collection of princely states and jagirs in western India.

Southern section of the Bombay Presidency

Vishalgad estate

Panhala Fort

Located in Panhala, 20 kilometres northwest of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India.

Inner gate of Teen darwaza of Panhala fort, c. 1894
Lotus motif on Panhala of Raja Bhoj, who built the fort
Peacock motif on Panhala fort of the Adil Shah Sultanis
Statue of Baji Prabhu Deshpande at Panhala
Statue of Shiva Kashid at Panhala fort
Konkan Darwaja - Another entrance to the fort
Plan of the fort
Andhar Bavai - the Hidden Well
Panhala fortifications (tatabandi)
Kalvanticha Mahal (The courtesan's palace)
Amberkhana(the granary)
The plasterwork inside Sajja Kothi
Wagh Darwaza, Panhala
Inner gate of Teen darwaza
Shivaji temple, Panhala fort
Green Valley of Panhala, an view from Jotiba Ghat Road

Panahala fort was built between 1178 and 1209 CE, one of 15 forts (others including Bavda, Bhudargad, Satara, and Vishalgad) built by the Shilahara ruler Bhoja II.

Sawai Jai Singh

The 29th Kachwaha Rajput ruler of the Kingdom of Amber, who later founded the fortified city of Jaipur and made it his capital.

Sawai Jai Singh's portrait (1725 CE) from British Museum
The observatory built by Sawai Jai Singh in Delhi
Jantar Mantar in Varanasi

His feat of arms at the siege of Khelna (1702) was rewarded by the mere restoration of his earlier rank and the title of Sawai (Sawai-meaning one and a quarter, i.e. more capable than one man).

Battle of Kolhapur

Battle that took place on 28 December 1659, near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra between the Maratha Army, led by Shivaji and the Adilshahi forces, led by Rustam Zaman.

Shivaji renamed the fort as Vishalgad.

Battle of Pavan Khind

A 20th century depiction by painter M.V. Dhurandhar of Shivaji and Baji Prabhu at Pawan Khind
Baji Prabhu Deshpande Statue in Panhala Fort

Battle of Pävankhind was a rearguard last stand that took place on 13 July 1660, at a mountain pass in the vicinity of fort Vishalgad, near the city of Kolhapur with the Maratha warrior Baji Prabhu Deshpande and Sambhu Singh Jadhav against Siddi Masud of the Bijapur Sultanate.


Family name found mainly among the Maharashtrian people in India.

The first known ancestor of Sarpotdars Ravalopant Orpe Sarpotdar came to Fort Vishalgad i.e. ‘khelana’ from Bidar, a political city in Karnataka, in the late 16th century.

Battles involving the Maratha Empire

The Maratha Conquests were a series of conquests in the Indian subcontinent which led to the building of the Maratha Empire.

Map of India, comparing 1765 and 1805
Maratha Light Horseman
Engraving of a Maratha Soldier by James Forbes 1813.

The Battle of Pävankhind was a rearguard last stand that took place on 13 July 1660 at a mountain pass in the vicinity of fort Vishalgad, near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India between the Maratha Baji Prabhu Deshpande,and warriors Bandal and Siddi Masud of Adilshah Sultanate.