Visigothic Kingdom

VisigothsVisigothicVisigothic SpainKingKing of the VisigothsVisigothKingdom of the VisigothsVisigothic Kingdom of ToledoVisigothic kingVisigothic kings
The Visigothic Kingdom or Kingdom of the Visigoths (Regnum Visigothorum) was a kingdom that occupied what is now southwestern France and the Iberian Peninsula from the 5th to the 8th centuries.wikipedia
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Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
One of the Germanic successor states to the Western Roman Empire, it was originally created by the settlement of the Visigoths under King Wallia in the province of Gallia Aquitania in southwest Gaul by the Roman government and then extended by conquest over all of Hispania.
After the Visigoths sacked Rome, they began settling down, first in southern Gaul and eventually in Hispania, where they founded the Visigothic Kingdom and maintained a presence from the 5th to the 8th centuries AD.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The Visigothic Kingdom or Kingdom of the Visigoths (Regnum Visigothorum) was a kingdom that occupied what is now southwestern France and the Iberian Peninsula from the 5th to the 8th centuries.
Clovis claimed that he would be baptized a Christian in the event of his victory against the Visigoths, which was said to have guaranteed the battle.

Franco-Visigothic Wars

warslost much of its territory in Gaulregained the southwest from the Visigoths
Sometimes referred to as the regnum Tolosanum or Kingdom of Toulouse after its capital Toulouse in modern historiography, the kingdom lost much of its territory in Gaul to the Franks in the early 6th century, save the narrow coastal strip of Septimania.
The Franco-Visigothic Wars were a series of wars between the Franks and the Visigoths, but it also involved the Burgundians, the Ostrogoths, and the Romans.

Toledo, Spain

ToledoToledanToletum
The kingdom of the 6th and 7th centuries is sometimes called the regnum Toletanum after the new capital of Toledo.
It was also the capital from 542 to 725 AD of the ancient Visigothic kingdom, which followed the fall of the Roman Empire, and the location of historic events such as the Visigothic Councils of Toledo.

Athanagild

Athanagild, Visigothic king of Hispania
A civil war starting in 549 resulted in an invitation from the Visigoth Athanagild, who had usurped the kingship, to the Byzantine emperor Justinian I to send soldiers to his assistance.
undefined 517 – December 567) was Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania.

Toulouse

Toulouse, FranceTolosaToulousain
Sometimes referred to as the regnum Tolosanum or Kingdom of Toulouse after its capital Toulouse in modern historiography, the kingdom lost much of its territory in Gaul to the Franks in the early 6th century, save the narrow coastal strip of Septimania. Ataulf (King of the Visigoths from 410 to 415) spent the next few years operating in the Gallic and Hispanic countrysides, diplomatically playing competing factions of Germanic and Roman commanders against one another to skillful effect, and taking over cities such as Narbonne and Toulouse (in 413).
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).

Liuvigild

LeovigildKing LeovigildLeovigildo
Starting in the 570s Athanagild's brother Liuvigild compensated for this loss by conquering the Kingdom of the Suebi (roughly modern Galicia and northern part of Portugal) and annexing it, and by repeated campaigns against the Basques.
undefined 519 – 21 April 586) was a Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania from 568 to April 21, 586.

Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribesGermanic tribe
One of the Germanic successor states to the Western Roman Empire, it was originally created by the settlement of the Visigoths under King Wallia in the province of Gallia Aquitania in southwest Gaul by the Roman government and then extended by conquest over all of Hispania.
Despite the fact that the Visigoths ruled what is now Spain for upwards of 250 years, there are almost no recognizable Gothic words borrowed into Spanish.

Umayyad conquest of Hispania

Muslim conquestMuslim invasionMuslim conquest of Spain
Most of the Visigothic Kingdom was conquered by Umayyad troops from North Africa in 711 AD, with only the northern reaches of Hispania remaining in Christian hands.
The conquest resulted in the destruction of the Visigothic Kingdom and the establishment of the independent Emirate of Córdoba under Abd ar-Rahman I (ruled 756–788), who completed the unification of the Muslim-ruled areas (known as al-Andalus).

Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPOR
Starting in the 570s Athanagild's brother Liuvigild compensated for this loss by conquering the Kingdom of the Suebi (roughly modern Galicia and northern part of Portugal) and annexing it, and by repeated campaigns against the Basques.
By the year 500, the Visigothic Kingdom had been installed in Iberia, it was based in Toledo and advancing westwards.

Isidore of Seville

IsidoreSt. Isidore of SevilleSt. Isidore
Despite good records left by contemporary bishops, such as Isidore and Leander of Seville, it becomes increasingly difficult to distinguish Goths from Latins, as the two became inextricably intertwined.

Galla Placidia

Galla PlacidaAelia Galla PlacidiaPlacidia
For their part, the Visigoths under Alaric famously sacked Rome in 410, capturing Galla Placidia, the sister of Western Roman emperor Honorius.
She was queen consort to Ataulf, king of the Visigoths from 414 until his death in 415, and briefly empress consort to Constantius III in 421.

Hispania

SpainRoman SpainHispano-Roman
One of the Germanic successor states to the Western Roman Empire, it was originally created by the settlement of the Visigoths under King Wallia in the province of Gallia Aquitania in southwest Gaul by the Roman government and then extended by conquest over all of Hispania.
The name Hispania was also used in the period of Visigothic rule.

Ceuta

Autonomous City of CeutaSeptemSabta
Despite these civil wars, by 625 AD the Visigoths had succeeded in expelling the Byzantines from Hispania and had established a foothold at the port of Ceuta in Africa.
It is likely that its count (comes) was obliged to pay homage to the Visigoth Kingdom in Spain in the early 7th century.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
One of the Germanic successor states to the Western Roman Empire, it was originally created by the settlement of the Visigoths under King Wallia in the province of Gallia Aquitania in southwest Gaul by the Roman government and then extended by conquest over all of Hispania.
As such, the first of the "barbarian kingdoms", the Visigothic Kingdom, was formed.

Kingdom of the Suebi

Suebic Kingdom of GaliciaSuebic KingdomSuebi
Starting in the 570s Athanagild's brother Liuvigild compensated for this loss by conquering the Kingdom of the Suebi (roughly modern Galicia and northern part of Portugal) and annexing it, and by repeated campaigns against the Basques.
It maintained its independence until 585, when it was annexed by the Visigoths, and was turned into the sixth province of the Visigothic Kingdom in Hispania.

Alaric II

AlaricAlaric II, King of the Visigoths
Euric's son Alaric II (484–507) issued a new body of laws, the Breviarium Alarici and held a church council at Agde.
458/466 – August 507) was the King of the Visigoths in 484–507.

Septimania

GothiaMarch of GothiaSeptimanie
Sometimes referred to as the regnum Tolosanum or Kingdom of Toulouse after its capital Toulouse in modern historiography, the kingdom lost much of its territory in Gaul to the Franks in the early 6th century, save the narrow coastal strip of Septimania.
Coinage of the Visigothic kingdom of Hispania did not circulate in Gaul outside of Septimania and Frankish coinage did not circulate in the Visigothic kingdom, including Septimania.

Agila I

Agila
Visigothic Spain suffered a civil war under King Agila I (549–554), which prompted the Roman/Byzantine emperor Justinian I to send an army and carve out the small province of Spania for the Byzantine Empire along the coast of southern Spain.
Agila I or Achila I (died March 554) was Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania (549 – March 554).

Reccared I

ReccaredRecaredKing Reccared
On becoming King, Liuvigild's son Reccared I (586–601) converted from Arian to Chalcedonian Christianity.
undefined 559 – December 601 AD; reigned 586–601) was Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania.

Narbonne

Narbonne, FranceNarboNarbo Martius
Ataulf (King of the Visigoths from 410 to 415) spent the next few years operating in the Gallic and Hispanic countrysides, diplomatically playing competing factions of Germanic and Roman commanders against one another to skillful effect, and taking over cities such as Narbonne and Toulouse (in 413).
The Umayyad governor Al-Samh captured Narbonne from The Kingdom of Visigoths in 719.

Hermenegild

Saint HermenegildSaint HermengildSt. Hermenegild
When Liuvigild established his son Hermenegild as joint ruler, a civil war ensued between them.
Saint Hermenegild or Ermengild (died 13 April 585) (San Hermenegildo, from Gothic *Airmana-gild, "immense tribute"), was the son of king Liuvigild of the Visigothic Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula and southern France.

Sisebut

SiseburSisebutoSisebutus Gothorum
These Kings also worked on religious legislature, especially King Sisebut (612–621), who passed several harsh laws against Jews and forced many Jews to convert to Christianity.
undefined 565 – February 621) was King of the Visigoths and ruler of Hispania and Septimania from 612 until his death.

Visigothic Code

Liber IudiciorumLex VisigothorumLiber Judiciorum
The Visigothic Code (completed in 654) abolished the old tradition of having different laws for Romans and for Visigoths.
The Visigothic Code (Forum Iudicum, Liber Iudiciorum; Libro de los Jueces, Book of the Judges), also called Lex Visigothorum (English: Law of the Visigoths), is a set of laws first promulgated by king Chindasuinth (642–653 AD) of the Visigothic Kingdom in his second year of rule (642–643) that survives only in fragments.

Wittiza

WitizaFlávio Sisebuto de Coimbra
Egica also raised his son Wittiza as coruler in 698.
undefined 687 – probably 710) was the Visigothic King of Hispania from 694 until his death, co-ruling with his father, Egica, until 702 or 703.