Vistahm

rebellion of Vistahm
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r. 590 – 628)).wikipedia
66 Related Articles

Khosrow II

Khosrau IIChosroes IIKhosrow Parviz
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r.
He lost his throne, then recovered it with Roman help, and, a decade later, went on to emulate the feats of the Achaemenids, conquering the rich Roman provinces of the Middle East; much of his reign was spent in wars with the Byzantine Empire and struggling against usurpers such as Bahram Chobin and Vistahm.

Bahram Chobin

Bahrām ChobinBahrām ChōbinBahram VI
590 – 628)). Vistahm helped Khosrow regain his throne after the rebellion of another Parthian noble Bahram Chobin, of House of Mihran, but later led a revolt himself, and ruled independently over a region which encompassed the entire Iranian East until he was defeated by Khosrow and his allies.
Before he had reached the Sasanian capital of Ctesiphon, Hormizd was assassinated in support of his son, Khosrow II, by another anti-Hormizd faction led by the two Ispahbudhan brothers, Vistahm and Vinduyih.

Sasanian civil war of 589-591

a rebellionmajor rebellionrebelled
Bahram, whose revolt quickly attracted widespread support, marched on the capital, Ctesiphon.
This eventually made Bahram Chobin start a major rebellion, while the two Ispahbudhan brothers Vistahm and Vinduyih made a palace coup against him, resulting in the blinding and eventually death of Hormizd IV.

Hormizd IV

Hormizd
A sister of Vistahm had even married the Sasanian shah Hormizd IV (r.
Another faction, led by two other dissatisfied nobles, Vistahm and Vinduyih, had Hormizd IV deposed and killed, and elevated his son Khosrow II as the new king (shah).

Azerbaijan (Iran)

AzerbaijanIranian AzerbaijanAdharbayjan
Unable to oppose Bahram's march on Ctesiphon, however, Khosrow and the two brothers fled to Azerbaijan.
During the Arab invasion of Iran, the Spahbed of Iran was Rostam Farrokhzad, the son of Farrukh Hormizd, who was the son of Vinduyih, the uncle of Khosrau I and brother of the Sasanian usurper Vistahm.

Bawi

Vistahm and his brother Vinduyih were sons of Shapur and grandsons of Bawi.
579-590); beyond this relationship, it is known that Shapur was the father of Vistahm and Vinduyih.

Vinduyih

Vistahm and his brother Vinduyih were sons of Shapur and grandsons of Bawi.
Vinduyih and Vistahm played an important role in restoring the throne for Khosrau II from Bahram Chobin.

Spahbed

ispahbadhSpahbodIspahbad
The family also held the important position of spahbed of the West, i.e. the Sasanian Empire's southwestern regions (the Sawad).

Gordiya

Local magnates as well as the remnants of Bahram Chobin's armies flocked to him, especially after he married Bahram's sister Gordiya.
Gordiya (also spelled Gurdiya and Kurdiyah) was an influential Iranian noblewoman from the House of Mihran, who was first the sister-wife of the distinguished military leader Bahram Chobin, then the wife of the Ispahbudhan dynast Vistahm, and ultimately the wife of the last prominent Sasanian emperor, Khosrow II.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r.
595–602: Rebellion of Vistahm

Narsi

Indeed, one of Vinduyih's sons was instrumental in the trial of Khosrow II after his deposition in 628, and two of the sons of Vistahm, Vinduyih and Tiruyih, along with their cousin Narsi, were commanders in the Iranian army that confronted the Muslim Arabs in 634.
Narsi is first mentioned in 628, he, along with his brother Mah-Adhur Gushnasp, was the son of a certain Jushnas (Gushnasp), and an unnamed Ispahbudhan noblewoman, who was the sister of Vistahm and Vinduyih.

Battle of Blarathon

BlarathonBlarathon, Battle ofvictorious conclusion
In the Battle of Blarathon, Bahram's army suffered a crushing defeat, and Khosrow II reclaimed Ctesiphon and his throne.

Smbat IV Bagratuni

Smbat BagratuniSmbat IV
Finally, Khosrow called upon the services of the Armenian Smbat Bagratuni, who engaged Vistahm near Qumis.
Smbat served in this post until 602, but was initially employed in suppressing the rebellion of Vistahm in Khorasan, before being recalled to reside at the royal court in Ctesiphon.

Bastam

BistamBastaamBustam
The town of Bastam in Iran as well as the monumental site of Taq-e Bostan may have been named after Vistahm.
A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.

List of shahanshahs of the Sasanian Empire

ShahanshahKing of kings of Iran and Anirancomplete list

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r. The town of Bastam in Iran as well as the monumental site of Taq-e Bostan may have been named after Vistahm.

House of Mihran

MihranidMihran familyMihran
590 – 628)). Vistahm helped Khosrow regain his throne after the rebellion of another Parthian noble Bahram Chobin, of House of Mihran, but later led a revolt himself, and ruled independently over a region which encompassed the entire Iranian East until he was defeated by Khosrow and his allies.

Greater Khorasan

KhorasanKhurasanKhorassan
590 – 628)). Vistahm helped Khosrow regain his throne after the rebellion of another Parthian noble Bahram Chobin, of House of Mihran, but later led a revolt himself, and ruled independently over a region which encompassed the entire Iranian East until he was defeated by Khosrow and his allies. After his victory, Khosrow rewarded his uncles with high positions: Vinduyih became treasurer and first minister and Vistahm received the post of spahbed of the East, encompassing Tabaristan and Khorasan, which according to Sebeos was also the traditional homeland of the Ispahbudhan.

Seven Great Houses of Iran

seven Parthian clansSeven Great HousesParthian
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r.

Sawad

SawādIraqal-sawād
The family also held the important position of spahbed of the West, i.e. the Sasanian Empire's southwestern regions (the Sawad).

Ctesiphon

Seleucia-CtesiphonSelucia-CtesiphonAl-Madain
Bahram, whose revolt quickly attracted widespread support, marched on the capital, Ctesiphon.

Sebeos

Sebeos, Bishop of the Bagratunisthe bishop Sebeos
There Hormizd tried to sideline the two Ispahbudhan, but was dissuaded, according to Sebeos, by his son, Khosrow II.

Tabaristan

TapuriaTabarestanTapuri
After his victory, Khosrow rewarded his uncles with high positions: Vinduyih became treasurer and first minister and Vistahm received the post of spahbed of the East, encompassing Tabaristan and Khorasan, which according to Sebeos was also the traditional homeland of the Ispahbudhan.

House of Ispahbudhan

IspahbudhanIspahbudhan familyAspahbad
Vistahm or Bistam (also transliterated Wistaxm, ), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian king of kings of Iran, Khosrow II ((r. After his victory, Khosrow rewarded his uncles with high positions: Vinduyih became treasurer and first minister and Vistahm received the post of spahbed of the East, encompassing Tabaristan and Khorasan, which according to Sebeos was also the traditional homeland of the Ispahbudhan.

Abu Hanifa Dinawari

Al-DinawariDinawariAbū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī
According to Dinawari, Vistahm sent a letter to Khosrow announcing his claim to the throne through his Parthian (Arsacid) heritage: "You are not worthier to rule than I am. Indeed, I am more deserving on account of my descent from Darius, son of Darius, who fought Alexander. You Sasanians deceitfully gained superiority over us [the Arsacids] and usurped our right, and treated us with injustice. Your ancestor Sasan was no more than a shepherd."