Vladimir Lenin

LeninV. I. LeninVladimir Ilyich LeninV.I. LeninVladimir Ilich LeninV.I.LeninVladimir Ilyich UlyanovVladimir Ilyich Ulyanov LeninVladmir LeninV. Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.wikipedia
3,618 Related Articles

Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Communist PartyCPSUBolshevik Party
Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the Russian Communist Party.
The party was founded in 1912 by the Bolsheviks, a majority faction detached from the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, who seized power in the October Revolution of 1917.

Leninism

Leninistcadrescadre
Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Leninism; his ideas were posthumously codified as Marxism–Leninism.
Developed by and named for the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, Leninism comprises socialist political and economic theories, developed from Marxism and Lenin's interpretations of Marxist theories, for practical application to the socio-political conditions of the Russian Empire of the early 20th century.

Kazan Federal University

Kazan UniversityKazan State UniversityUniversity of Kazan
Expelled from Kazan Imperial University for participating in protests against the Russian Empire's Tsarist government, he devoted the following years to a law degree.
In 1925, the university was renamed in honour of its most famous student Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin).

Ulyanovsk

SimbirskUlyanovsk CityUlianovsk
Born to a moderately prosperous middle-class family in Simbirsk, Lenin embraced revolutionary socialist politics following his brother's 1887 execution.
The city, founded as Simbirsk, is the birthplace of Alexander Kerensky and Vladimir Lenin (born Ulyanov), for whom it was renamed in 1924.

Bolsheviks

BolshevikBolshevismBolshevist
In 1903, he took a key role in a RSDLP ideological split, leading the Bolshevik faction against Julius Martov's Mensheviks.
The Bolsheviks, also known in English as the Bolshevists, were a faction founded by Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov that split from the Menshevik faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP), a revolutionary socialist political party formed in 1898, at its Second Party Congress in 1903.

Pseudonym

nom de guerrealiaspseudonyms
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.
In some cases, pseudonyms are adopted because they are part of a cultural or organisational tradition: for example devotional names used by members of some religious institutes, and "cadre names" used by Communist party leaders such as Trotsky and Lenin.

Nadezhda Krupskaya

KrupskayaNadezhda Konstantinovna KrupskayaN. K. Krupskaya
In 1897, he was arrested for sedition and exiled to Shushenskoye for three years, where he married Nadezhda Krupskaya.
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya (26 February 1869 – 27 February 1939) was a Russian Bolshevik and the wife of Vladimir Lenin.

October Revolution

Bolshevik RevolutionRussian Revolutionrevolution
After the 1917 February Revolution ousted the Tsar and established a Provisional Government, he returned to Russia to play a leading role in the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the new regime.
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup, or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–23.

Aleksandr Ulyanov

Alexander UlyanovAleksandrAleksandr "Sacha" Ulyanov
Born to a moderately prosperous middle-class family in Simbirsk, Lenin embraced revolutionary socialist politics following his brother's 1887 execution.
He was the elder brother of Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union.

Julius Martov

MartovIulii MartovJuliy Martov
In 1903, he took a key role in a RSDLP ideological split, leading the Bolshevik faction against Julius Martov's Mensheviks.
Vladimir Lenin, his longtime political opponent, confessed in 1921 that his single greatest regret was "that Martov is not with us. What an amazing comrade he is, what a pure man!"

Russian Civil War

Civil WarCivil War in Russiathe Civil War
His administration defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1922 and oversaw the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921.
The two largest combatant groups were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favouring political monarchism, economic capitalism and alternative forms of socialism, each with democratic and anti-democratic variants.

Mensheviks

MenshevikMenshevismMenshevik Party
In 1903, he took a key role in a RSDLP ideological split, leading the Bolshevik faction against Julius Martov's Mensheviks.
The factions emerged in 1903 following a dispute in the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) between Julius Martov and Vladimir Lenin.

1905 Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution of 1905Revolution of 19051905 Revolution
Encouraging insurrection during Russia's failed Revolution of 1905, he later campaigned for the First World War to be transformed into a Europe-wide proletarian revolution, which as a Marxist he believed would cause the overthrow of capitalism and its replacement with socialism.
Lenin, as head of the USSR later on, called it "The Great Dress Rehearsal," without which the "victory of the October Revolution in 1917 would have been impossible".

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Russian SFSRRSFSRSoviet Russia
He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.
Under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin (1870–1924) and Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), the Bolshevik communists established the Soviet state on 7 November 1917.

Polish–Soviet War

Polish-Soviet WarPolish-Bolshevik WarPolish-Bolshevist War
His administration defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1922 and oversaw the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921.
Vladimir Lenin saw Poland as the bridge the Red Army had to cross to assist other Communist movements and bring about more European revolutions.

Joseph Stalin

StalinJosef StalinJosif Stalin
His health failing, Lenin died in Gorki, with Joseph Stalin succeeding him as the pre-eminent figure in the Soviet government.
He edited the party's newspaper, Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets.

New Economic Policy

NEPN.E.P.The New Economic Policy (NEP)
Responding to wartime devastation, famine, and popular uprisings, in 1921 Lenin encouraged economic growth through the market-oriented New Economic Policy.
The New Economic Policy (NEP) (Russian: новая экономическая политика, novaya ekonomicheskaya politika) was an economic policy of the Soviet Union proposed by Vladimir Lenin in 1921 as a temporary expedient.

Communist International

CominternThird InternationalKomintern
It withdrew from the First World War by signing a treaty conceding territory to the Central Powers, and promoted world revolution through the Communist International.
To Vladimir Lenin's surprise, even the Social Democratic Party of Germany voted in favor of war.

Marxism

MarxistMarxistsMarxist ideology
Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Leninism; his ideas were posthumously codified as Marxism–Leninism.
According to the Marxist theoretician and revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, "the principal content of Marxism" was "Marx's economic doctrine".

Ilya Ulyanov

Ilya Nikolayevich UlyanovI. UlyanovIlya Nikolaevich Ulianov
Lenin's father, Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, was from a family of serfs; his ethnic origins remain unclear, with suggestions being made that he was Russian, Chuvash, Mordvin, or Kalmyk.
He was the father of revolutionaries Vladimir Lenin (who became a Bolshevik leader and founder of the Soviet Union) and Aleksandr Ulyanov (executed for his attempt to assassinate Emperor Alexander III of Russia in 1886).

Communism

communistcommunistscommunist ideology
Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Leninism; his ideas were posthumously codified as Marxism–Leninism.
The 1917 October Revolution in Russia set the conditions for the rise to state power of Vladimir Lenin's Bolsheviks, which was the first time any avowedly communist party reached that position.

Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova

Maria AlexandrovnaMaria Alexandrovna BlankMaria Ulyanova
Ilya married Maria Alexandrovna Blank in mid-1863.
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova (Мария Александровна Ульянова; née Blank; 6 March 1835 – 25 July 1916) was the mother of Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union.

Russian Provisional Government

Provisional GovernmentRussian RepublicProvisional Government of Russia
After the 1917 February Revolution ousted the Tsar and established a Provisional Government, he returned to Russia to play a leading role in the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the new regime.
The period of competition for authority ended in late October 1917, when Bolsheviks routed the ministers of the Provisional Government in the events known as the "October Revolution", and placed power in the hands of the soviets, or "workers' councils," which had given their support to the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin (18701924) and Leon Trotsky (18791940).

Russian Constituent Assembly

All-Russian Constituent AssemblyConstituent AssemblyAll Russian Constituent Assembly
Lenin's Bolshevik government initially shared power with the Left Socialist Revolutionaries, elected soviets, and a multi-party Constituent Assembly, although by 1918 it had centralised power in the new Communist Party.
Lenin himself later argued: 'The demand for the convocation of a Constituent Assembly was a perfectly legitimate part of the programme of revolutionary Social-Democracy, because in a bourgeois republic the Constituent Assembly represents the highest form of democracy'.

Left-wing politics

left-wingleftistleft
His administration defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1922 and oversaw the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921.
Those who opposed the war, such as Vladimir Lenin and Rosa Luxemburg, saw themselves as further to the left.