Void (law)

voidnull and voidvoid ab initiovoid ''ab initiovoidednullinvalidlegally voidnullityab initio
In law, void means of no legal effect.wikipedia
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Contract

contract lawcontractsagreement
For example, in many jurisdictions where a person signs a contract under duress, that contract is treated as being void ab initio.
A contract may be deemed 'void', 'voidable', 'unenforceable' or 'ineffective'.

Voidable

voidvoidingInvalid
In practical terms, void is usually used in contradistinction to "voidable" and "unenforceable", the principal difference being that an action which is voidable remains valid until it is avoided.
Voidable is usually used in distinction to void ab initio (or void from the outset) and unenforceable.

Unenforceable

enforceableenforceabilityunenforceability
In practical terms, void is usually used in contradistinction to "voidable" and "unenforceable", the principal difference being that an action which is voidable remains valid until it is avoided.
Unenforceable is usually used in contradiction to void (or void ab initio) and voidable.

Cundy v Lindsay

For example, in Cundy v Lindsay (1878), a fraudster using the name Blenkarn posed as a retailer and induced Lindsay & Co to deliver 250 dozen linen handkerchiefs to him.
Cundy v Lindsay (1877–78) LR 3 App Cas 459 is an English contract law case on the subject of mistake, introducing the concept that contracts could be automatically void for mistake to identity, where it is of crucial importance.

Legal doublet

doublets and triplets of wordspairs of words
The frequent combination "null and void" is a legal doublet.

Rescission (contract law)

rescissionrescindrescinded
These are sometimes referred to as "bars to rescission".
In this sense, the term means to be set aside or make void, on application to the court that granted the judgment or to a higher court.

Law

legallawslegal theory
In law, void means of no legal effect.

Coercion

duresscoercivecoerced
For example, in many jurisdictions where a person signs a contract under duress, that contract is treated as being void ab initio.

Confidence trick

con artistcon manscam
For example, in Cundy v Lindsay (1878), a fraudster using the name Blenkarn posed as a retailer and induced Lindsay & Co to deliver 250 dozen linen handkerchiefs to him.

Bad faith

mala fidesmala fidebad-faith
In every case, third parties involved with bad faith in void or voidable contracts not only are affected by nullity, but may also be liable for statutory damages.

Legal nullity

legal nullitiesdeclaration of nullitynullity
* Legal nullity

Mistake in English contract law

mistakeMistake in English lawMistakes in English law
If the law deems a mistake to be sufficiently grave, then a contract entered into on the grounds of the mistake may be void.

Aristocracy of Norway

Norwegian nobilityNorwegian noble familynobility
Demonstrating his omnipotence, the monarch could even revert noble status ab initio, as if ennoblement had never happened, and elevate dead humans to the estate of nobles.

Local authorities swaps litigation

a series of litigation cases relating to swapsraft of satellite litigationtorrent of collateral litigation unwinding such swaps
The law relating to recovery of payments made under contracts subsequently held to be legally void was relatively undeveloped at the time, and the numerous cases led to a rapid evolution in terms of the development and understanding of the English law of restitution and unjust enrichment.

2019 British prorogation controversy

prorogation of Parliamentprorogue2019 prorogation fiasco
To resolve the differences of opinion between the courts, both cases were appealed to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom which, on 24 September, ruled unanimously in R (Miller) v The Prime Minister and Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland that the prorogation was both justiciable and unlawful; consequently, the Order in Council ordering prorogation was quashed, and the prorogation was deemed "[[Void (law)|null and of no [legal] effect]]".

Carlos Martínez (pitcher, born 1991)

MartínezCarlos MartínezMartinez
Originally signed by the Boston Red Sox as an international free agent in 2009, MLB voided his contract due to discrepancies over his name and date of birth after the revelation that he was also known as Carlos Matias.

Annulment

annulledannulannullment
Annulment is a legal procedure within secular and religious legal systems for declaring a marriage null and void.

Revocation

revoked(rev)renege
It is the cancelling of an act, the recalling of a grant or privilege, or the making void of some deed previously existing.

Collusion

colludingcolludedcollude
In legal terms, all acts effected by collusion are considered void.

Political status of Crimea

under dispute between Russia and UkrainedisputedNot recognized internationally
A year later this 1992 Crimean constitution, along with the presidency and regional citizenship, was declared null and void by the Ukrainian Parliament, which by that time, had renamed the autonomy from "Republic of Crimea" to Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

R (Miller) v The Prime Minister and Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland

R (Miller) v The Prime Minister'' and ''Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland2019 ruling that the prorogation of parliament was unlawfula court case by Gina Miller
As a result, the Order in Council permitting the prorogation was null and of no effect and Parliament had, in fact, not been prorogued.

Remedies in Singapore constitutional law

declarationdeclarations
As the is the supreme law of Singapore, the High Court can hold any law enacted by Parliament, subsidiary legislation issued by a minister, or rules derived from the common law, as well as acts and decisions of public authorities, that are inconsistent with the Constitution to be void.

Marriage of Billie Ert and Antonio Molina

Although it was later declared null and void by the Texas Attorney General after a long legal battle, the union made international headlines and became a media sensation.