Volcanology

volcanologistsvolcanologistvulcanologyvolcanicvulcanologistvolcanic activityvolcanic phenomenaVolcanoesvolcanologicalvulcanological
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.wikipedia
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Volcano

volcanicvolcanoesextinct volcano
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.
The study of volcanoes is called volcanology, sometimes spelled vulcanology.

Types of volcanic eruptions

volcanic eruptioneruptionvolcanic eruptions
Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.
Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.

Volcanologist

vulcanologistvulcanologists
A volcanologist is a geologist who studies the eruptive activity and formation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions.
A volcanologist or vulcanologist is a geologist who studies the processes involved in the formation and eruptive activity of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions, known as volcanology.

Lava

lava flowlava flowspahoehoe
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena. Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.
General features of volcanology can be used to classify volcanic edifices and provide information on the eruptions which formed the lava flow, even if the sequence of lavas have been buried or metamorphosed.

Deformation monitoring

automatic deformation monitoring systemmonitoringdeformation
Surface deformation monitoring includes the use of geodetic techniques such as leveling, tilt, strain, angle and distance measurements through tiltmeters, total stations and EDMs.
Volcanoes

Geologist

geologistsgeoscientistexpert in geology
A volcanologist is a geologist who studies the eruptive activity and formation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions.
Volcanology: the study of volcanoes, their eruptions, lavas, magma processes and hazards.

Vesuvius Observatory

l'Osservatorio VesuvianoOsservatorio Vesuvio
In 1841, the first volcanological observatory, the Vesuvius Observatory, was founded in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Founded in 1841 on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius by Ferdinand II of Bourbon, King of the Two Sicilies, it is the oldest volcanology institute in the world.

William Hamilton (diplomat)

Sir William HamiltonWilliam HamiltonSir William
The register of these processions and the 1779 and 1794 diary of Father Antonio Piaggio allowed British diplomat and amateur naturalist Sir William Hamilton to provide a detailed chronology and description of Vesuvius' eruptions.
Sir William Hamilton, (13 December 1730 – 6 April 1803) was a British diplomat, antiquarian, archaeologist and vulcanologist.

Giuseppe Mercalli

Mercalli, Giuseppe
Giuseppe Mercalli (1850–1914)
Giuseppe Mercalli (May 21, 1850 – March 19, 1914) was an Italian volcanologist and Catholic priest.

Pyroclastic flow

pyroclastic flowspyroclasticash flow
Nuées ardentes were described from the Azores in 1580.
A pyroclastic surge killed volcanologists Harry Glicken and Katia and Maurice Krafft and 40 other people on Mount Unzen, in Japan, on June 3, 1991. The surge started as a pyroclastic flow and the more energised surge climbed a spur on which the Kraffts and the others were standing; it engulfed them, and the corpses were covered with about 5 mm of ash.

Katia and Maurice Krafft

Katia Krafft
Katia and Maurice Krafft (1942–1991 and 1946–1991, respectively), died at Mount Unzen in Japan, 1991
Catherine Joséphine ("Katia") Krafft (née Conrad; 17 April 1942 – 3 June 1991) and her husband, Maurice Paul Krafft (25 March 1946 – 3 June 1991), were French volcanologists who died in a pyroclastic flow on Mount Unzen, in Japan, on June 3, 1991.

Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu

DolomieuDolomieu, Dieudonne de Gratet deDéodat de Dolomieu
Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu (1750–1801)
His particular interests included mineralogy, volcanology, and the origin of mountain ranges.

George P. L. Walker

George P. L. Walker (1926–2005), pioneering volcanologist who transformed the subject into a quantitative science
George Patrick Leonard Walker FRS (2 March 1926 – 17 January 2005) was a British geologist who specialized in mineralogy and volcanology.

Catania

CatanaCataneCatanese
Saint Agatha is patron saint of Catania, close to mount Etna, and an important highly venerated (till today ) example of virgin martyrs of Christian antiquity.
The Catanian Museum of Mineralogy, Paleontology and Vulcanology holds the integral unburied skeleton of an Elephas falconeri in an excellent state of conservation.

Pele's hair

Pele was used for various scientific terms as for Pele's hair, Pele's tears, and Limu o Pele (Pele's seaweed).
They can tell volcanologists a lot of information about the eruption, such as the temperatures and the magma's path to the surface.

GNS Science

GeoNetGeological Survey of New ZealandGNS
GNS Science (formerly the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences) (in New Zealand)
It focuses on geology, geophysics (including seismology and volcanology), and nuclear science (particularly ion-beam technologies, isotope science and carbon dating).

Kiyoo Mogi

Mogi model
Kiyoo Mogi, developer of the Mogi model of volcano deformation
The 'Mogi model' (also known as the 'Mogi-Yamakawa model' ) subsequently became the first commonly used quantitative method in volcanology, and is still widely used today.

Magma

magmaticmeltmagmas
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.

Geology

geologicalgeologistgeologic
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.

Geochemistry

geochemicalgeochemistgeochemists
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.

Latin

Lat.Latin languagelat
The term volcanology is derived from the Latin word vulcan.

Vulcan (mythology)

VulcanVolcanusVulcanus
The term volcanology is derived from the Latin word vulcan.

Roman mythology

RomanRoman godRoman goddess
Vulcan was the ancient Roman god of fire.

Tephra

pyroclasttephra layerpyroclastic
Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.

Volcanic ash

ashash cloudash fall
Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.