Volcanology

volcanologistsvolcanologistvulcanologyvolcanicHistory of volcanologyvolcanic activityvolcanic phenomenaVolcanoesvolcanologicalvulcanological
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).wikipedia
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Volcano

volcanicvolcanoesvolcanic igneous activity
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).
The study of volcanoes is called volcanology, sometimes spelled vulcanology.

Types of volcanic eruptions

volcanic eruptioneruptionvolcanic eruptions
Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.
Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.

Volcanologist

vulcanologistVulcanologists
A volcanologist is a geologist who studies the eruptive activity and formation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions.
A volcanologist or vulcanologist is a geologist who studies the processes involved in the formation and eruptive activity of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions, known as volcanology.

Geology

geologicalgeologistgeologic
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).
The active flow of molten rock is closely studied in volcanology, and igneous petrology aims to determine the history of igneous rocks from their final crystallization to their original molten source.

Lava

lava flowlava flowspahoehoe
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism). Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples.
General features of volcanology can be used to classify volcanic edifices and provide information on the eruptions which formed the lava flow, even if the sequence of lavas have been buried or metamorphosed.

Deformation monitoring

Automatic Deformation Monitoring Systemmonitoringdeformation
Surface deformation monitoring includes the use of geodetic techniques such as leveling, tilt, strain, angle and distance measurements through tiltmeters, total stations and EDMs.

Geologist

geologistsgeoscientistgeoscientists
A volcanologist is a geologist who studies the eruptive activity and formation of volcanoes, and their current and historic eruptions.

Vesuvius Observatory

l'Osservatorio VesuvianoOsservatorio Vesuvio
In 1841, the first volcanological observatory, the Vesuvius Observatory, was founded in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Founded in 1841 on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius by Ferdinand II of Bourbon, King of the Two Sicilies, it is the oldest volcanology institute in the world.

William Hamilton (diplomat)

Sir William HamiltonWilliam HamiltonSir William
The register of these processions and the 1779 and 1794 diary of Father Antonio Piaggio allowed British diplomat and amateur naturalist Sir William Hamilton to provide a detailed chronology and description of Vesuvius' eruptions.
Sir William Hamilton, (13 December 1730 – 6 April 1803), was a British diplomat, antiquarian, archaeologist and vulcanologist.

Giuseppe Mercalli

Mercalli, Giuseppe
Giuseppe Mercalli (21 May 1850 – 19 March 1914) was an Italian volcanologist and Catholic priest.

Pyroclastic flow

pyroclastic flowspyroclasticash flow
Nuées ardentes were described from the Azores in 1580.

Katia and Maurice Krafft

Maurice KrafftKatia Krafft
Catherine Joséphine "Katia" Krafft (née Conrad; 17 April 1942 – 3 June 1991) and her husband, Maurice Paul Krafft (25 March 1946 – 3 June 1991), were French volcanologists who died in a pyroclastic flow on Mount Unzen, in Japan, on June 3, 1991.

Catania

Catania, ItalyCatanaCatania, Sicily
Saint Agatha is patron saint of Catania, close to mount Etna, and an important highly venerated (till today ) example of virgin martyrs of Christian antiquity.
The Catanian Museum of Mineralogy, Paleontology and Vulcanology holds the integral unburied skeleton of an Elephas falconeri in an excellent state of conservation.

Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu

DolomieuDéodat de DolomieuDeodat Gratet de Dolomieu
His particular interests included mineralogy, volcanology, and the origin of mountain ranges.

George P. L. Walker

George P.L. Walker
George Patrick Leonard Walker (2 March 1926 – 17 January 2005) was a British geologist who specialized in mineralogy and volcanology.

Pele's hair

Pele was used for various scientific terms as for Pele's hair, Pele's tears, and Limu o Pele (Pele's seaweed).
They can tell volcanologists a lot of information about the eruption, such as the temperatures and the magma's path to the surface.

GNS Science

New Zealand Geological SurveyGeological Survey of New ZealandGeoNet
It focuses on geology, geophysics (including seismology and volcanology), and nuclear science (particularly ion-beam technologies, isotope science and carbon dating).

Kiyoo Mogi

Mogi model
The 'Mogi model' (also known as the 'Mogi-Yamakawa model' ) subsequently became the first commonly used quantitative method in volcanology, and is still widely used today.

Magma

magmaticmeltmagmas
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).

Geochemistry

geochemicalgeochemistgeochemically
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).

Volcanism

volcanicvolcanic activityvulcanism
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena (volcanism).

Latin

Vulcan (mythology)

VulcanVulcanusVolcanus
The term volcanology is derived from the Latin word vulcan.

Roman mythology

RomanRoman godRoman goddess
Vulcan was the ancient Roman god of fire.