A report on Vomiting

14th-century illustration of vomiting from the Casanatense Tacuinum Sanitatis
14th-century illustration of vomiting from the Casanatense Tacuinum Sanitatis
Vomiting
Partially digested food, with man-sized glove for scale
A drunk man vomiting, while a young slave is holding his forehead. Brygos Painter, 500–470 BC
Special bags are often supplied on boats for sick passengers to vomit into.

Involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

- Vomiting
14th-century illustration of vomiting from the Casanatense Tacuinum Sanitatis

76 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A 1681 painting depicting a person vomiting

Nausea

20 links

A 1681 painting depicting a person vomiting

Nausea is a diffuse sensation of unease and discomfort, sometimes perceived as an urge to vomit.

Antiemetic

6 links

An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.

Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = norovirus and D = astrovirus. The virus particles are shown at the same magnification to allow size comparison.

Gastroenteritis

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Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract including the stomach and intestine.

Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract including the stomach and intestine.

Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = norovirus and D = astrovirus. The virus particles are shown at the same magnification to allow size comparison.
Bristol stool chart
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (ATCC 14028) as seen with a microscope at 1000 fold magnification and following Gram staining
Percentage of rotavirus tests with positive results, by surveillance week, United States, July 2000 – June 2009
Deaths due to diarrhoeal diseases per million persons in 2012

Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Brain metastasis in the right cerebral hemisphere from lung cancer, shown on magnetic resonance imaging

Brain tumor

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A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.

Brain metastasis in the right cerebral hemisphere from lung cancer, shown on magnetic resonance imaging
The main areas of the brain and Limbic system
The meninges lie between the skull and brain matter. Tumors originating from the meninges are meningiomas.
A posterior fossa tumor leading to mass effect and midline shift
CT scan of a brain tumor, with its diameters marked as an X. There is hypoattenuating (dark) peritumoral edema in the surrounding white matter, with a "finger-like" spread.
Micrograph of an oligodendroglioma, a type of brain cancer. Brain biopsy. H&E stain
A brainstem glioma in four-year-old. MRI, sagittal, without contrast
Meningioma of the middle third of the sagittal sinus with large hyperostosis

Where symptoms exist, they may include headaches, seizures, problems with vision, vomiting and mental changes.

Severely high ICP can cause the brain to herniate.

Intracranial pressure

3 links

Pressure exerted by fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the skull and on the brain tissue.

Pressure exerted by fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the skull and on the brain tissue.

Severely high ICP can cause the brain to herniate.

In general, symptoms and signs that suggest a rise in ICP include headache, vomiting without nausea, ocular palsies, altered level of consciousness, back pain, and papilledema.

Mallory–Weiss tear affecting the esophageal side of the gastroesophageal junction

Mallory–Weiss syndrome

4 links

Mallory–Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus.

Mallory–Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus.

Mallory–Weiss tear affecting the esophageal side of the gastroesophageal junction

This is usually caused by severe vomiting because of alcoholism or bulimia, but can be caused by any condition which causes violent vomiting and retching such as food poisoning.

Loss of enamel (acid erosion) from the inside of the upper front teeth as a result of bulimia

Bulimia nervosa

2 links

Eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging, and excessive concern with body shape and weight.

Eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging, and excessive concern with body shape and weight.

Loss of enamel (acid erosion) from the inside of the upper front teeth as a result of bulimia
How bulimia affects the body
The erosion on the lower teeth was caused by bulimia. For comparison, the upper teeth were restored with porcelain veneers.
Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

This may be done by vomiting or taking laxatives.

Hematemesis

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Hematemesis is the vomiting of blood.

Chemoreceptor trigger zone

3 links

The chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ) is an area of the medulla oblongata that receives inputs from blood-borne drugs or hormones, and communicates with other structures in the vomiting center to initiate vomiting.

Diagram of stomach, intestines and rectum in the average human

Gastrointestinal tract

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Tract or passageway of the digestive system that leads from the mouth to the anus.

Tract or passageway of the digestive system that leads from the mouth to the anus.

Diagram of stomach, intestines and rectum in the average human
Illustration of the small intestine

Vomiting, which may include regurgitation of food or the vomiting of blood