Voting

votevotervotersvotesBallotingconstituentconstituentspollelectoratepolling
Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate, in order to make a collective decision or express an opinion usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.wikipedia
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Ballot

ballot paperballotsbutterfly ballot
Residents of a place represented by an elected official are called "constituents", and those constituents who cast a ballot for their chosen candidate are called "voters".
A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting.

Secret ballot

secretsecret voteAustralian Ballot
Many countries use a secret ballot, a practice to prevent voters from being intimidated and to protect their political privacy. In contrast to a secret ballot, an open ballot takes place in public and is commonly done by a show of hands.
The secret ballot, also known as Australian ballot, is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum are anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying.

Polling place

polling stationpolling stationspolling places
Voting often takes place at a polling station; it is voluntary in some countries, compulsory in others, such as Australia.
A polling place is where voters cast their ballots in elections.

Decision-making

decision makingdecisionsdecision
Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate, in order to make a collective decision or express an opinion usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
In a democracy, a government is chosen by voting in an election: a way for an electorate to elect, i.e. choose, among several candidates for rule.
Democracy is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.

Referendum

plebiscitereferendareferendums
A vote is a formal expression of an individual's choice for or against some motion (for example, a proposed resolution); for or against some ballot question; or for a certain candidate, selection of candidates, or political party.
A referendum (plural: referendums or less commonly referenda) is a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

Protest vote

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It is possible to make a blank vote, carrying out the act of voting, which may be compulsory, without selecting any candidate or option, often as an act of protest.
A protest vote (also called a blank, null, spoiled, or "none of the above" vote) is a vote cast in an election to demonstrate dissatisfaction with the choice of candidates or the current political system.

Democracy

democraticdemocraciesdemocratically
In a democracy, a government is chosen by voting in an election: a way for an electorate to elect, i.e. choose, among several candidates for rule. Democracies elect holders of high office by voting.
Therefore, proponents of this view hold that democratic participation should primarily focus on voting, where the policy with the most votes gets implemented.

Voting methods in deliberative assemblies

roll call voteshow of handsroll call
The method of voting can range from formal submission of written votes, through show of hands, voice voting or audience response systems, to informally noting which outcome seems to be preferred by more people.
Deliberative assemblies – bodies that use parliamentary procedure to arrive at decisions – use several methods of voting on motions (formal proposal by members of a deliberative assembly that the assembly take certain action).

Voice vote

viva voceviva voce votevoice voting
The method of voting can range from formal submission of written votes, through show of hands, voice voting or audience response systems, to informally noting which outcome seems to be preferred by more people.
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (from the Latin viva voce, meaning "live voice") or acclamation is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a group vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.

Write-in candidate

write-inWrite-inswrite-in campaign
This may involve marking their support for a candidate or party listed on the ballot, or a write-in, where they write out the name of their preferred candidate if it is not listed.
A write-in candidate is a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the person's name.

Electronic voting

online votingInternet votinge-voting
Machine voting uses voting machines, which may be manual (e.g. lever machines) or electronic.
Electronic voting (also known as e-voting) is voting that uses electronic means to either aid or take care of casting and counting votes.

Liberalism

liberalliberalssocially liberal
A series of studies coming out of the University of Michigan in the 1950s and 1960s argued that voters lack a basic understanding of current issues, the liberal–conservative ideological dimension, and the relative ideological dilemma.
As they struggled to expand suffrage rights, liberals increasingly understood that people left out of the democratic decision-making process were liable to the "tyranny of the majority", a concept explained in Mill's On Liberty and in Democracy in America (1835) by Alexis de Tocqueville.

Postal voting

postal votespostal ballotpostal vote
Many countries allow postal voting, where voters are sent a ballot and return it by post.
Postal voting is voting in an election whereby ballot papers are distributed to electors or returned by post, in contrast to electors voting in person at a polling station or electronically via an electronic voting system.

Parliamentary procedure

standing ordersrules of orderparliamentary law
According to Robert's Rules of Order, a widely used guide to parliamentary procedure, the bases for determining the voting result consist of two elements: (1) the percentage of votes that are required for a proposal to be adopted or for a candidate to be elected (e.g. more than half, two-thirds, three-quarters, etc.); and (2) the set of members to which the proportion applies (e.g. the members present and voting, the members present, the entire membership of the organization, the entire electorate, etc.).
Self-governing organizations follow parliamentary procedure to debate and reach group decisions—usually by vote—with the least possible friction.

Ballot box

ballot boxesballotbox
Voters are given an envelope into which they put the ballot of the party they wish to vote for, before placing the envelope in the ballot box.
A ballot box is a temporarily sealed container, usually a square box though sometimes a tamper resistant bag, with a narrow slot in the top sufficient to accept a ballot paper in an election but which prevents anyone from accessing the votes cast until the close of the voting period.

Robert's Rules of Order

Robert's Rules of Order Newly RevisedRobert's RulesRoberts Rules of Order
According to Robert's Rules of Order, a widely used guide to parliamentary procedure, the bases for determining the voting result consist of two elements: (1) the percentage of votes that are required for a proposal to be adopted or for a candidate to be elected (e.g. more than half, two-thirds, three-quarters, etc.); and (2) the set of members to which the proportion applies (e.g. the members present and voting, the members present, the entire membership of the organization, the entire electorate, etc.).
The formal steps in handling a motion are the making of a motion, having a second, stating the motion, having debate on the motion, putting the motion to a vote, and announcing the results of the vote.

Open ballot system

open ballottingopen ballotOption A4
In contrast to a secret ballot, an open ballot takes place in public and is commonly done by a show of hands.
An open ballot system is a voting method in which voters vote openly, in contrast to a secret ballot, where a voter's choices are confidential.

Electoral system

multi-membervoting systemvoting systems
Different voting systems use different types of votes.
Electoral systems consist of sets of rules that govern all aspects of the voting process: when elections occur, who is allowed to vote, who can stand as a candidate, how ballots are marked and cast, how the ballots are counted (electoral method), limits on campaign spending, and other factors that can affect the outcome.

Keypad polling

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This could be by a show of hands or keypad polling.
Keypad Polling is a wireless polling technology.

Electoral district

constituencyconstituenciesdistrict magnitude
Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate, in order to make a collective decision or express an opinion usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.

Political campaign

campaignelection campaignpresidential campaign
Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate, in order to make a collective decision or express an opinion usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.

Election

electionselectedelectoral
In a democracy, a government is chosen by voting in an election: a way for an electorate to elect, i.e. choose, among several candidates for rule.

Representative democracy

elected representativerepresentative democraticparliamentary democracy
In a representative democracy voting is the method by which the electorate appoints its representatives in its government.

Direct democracy

direct democraticdirectdirect legislation
In a direct democracy, voting is the method by which the electorate directly make decisions, turn bills into laws, etc.