Władysław III of Poland

Władysław IIIWładysław III of VarnaVladislaus IWładysław WarneńczykLadislaus III of PolandWładysławVladislaus III of PolandVladislaus I of HungaryVladislaus III of VarnaWladislas I
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.wikipedia
250 Related Articles

Battle of Varna

Varnabattle10 November 1444
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.
The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian–Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III of Poland (also King of Hungary), John Hunyadi (acting as commander of the combined Christian forces) and Mircea II of Wallachia.

Sophia of Halshany

Queen SophiaSophiaSophia Galshanska
Władysław was the first-born son of Władysław II Jagiełło and Sophia of Halshany.
As the mother of Władysław III, King of Poland and Hungary, and Casimir IV, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, she was the mother of the Jagiellon dynasty.

Zbigniew Oleśnicki (cardinal)

Zbigniew OleśnickiCardinal Zbigniew OleśnickiZbigniew Cardinal Oleśnicki
He ascended the throne at the age of ten and was immediately surrounded by a group of advisors headed by Cardinal Zbigniew Oleśnicki, who wanted to continue to enjoy his high status at court.
He took part in the management of the country's most important affairs, initially as a royal secretary under King Władysław II Jagiełło and later as the effective regent during King Władysław III's minority.

Sieradz

11 – SieradzSchieratz
English: ''Vladislaus by God's grace king of Poland, Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rascia (Serbian Grand Principality) and lands of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Supreme Prince of Lithuania, lord and heir of Pomerania and Ruthenia''

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
Hungary was under a growing threat from the Ottoman Empire, and some Polish magnates did not want to agree to the king of Poland also being the monarch of Hungary, while Elisabeth, widow of the deceased King of Hungary, Albert II of Germany, attempted to keep the crown for her yet unborn child. The "bulwark of Christianity" and other slogans put forward by the papal envoy Giuliano Cesarini, together with much more reasonable but only verbal promises of Venetian and papal fleets blockading the Dardanelles Straits, along with an enticing vision of a promise of victory in the Crusade of Varna against the Turks, persuaded Władysław to engage his freshly victorious forces for another season of war, thus breaching the ten-year truce with the aggressive and still powerful Ottoman Empire.
On 10 November 1444, Murad repelled the Crusade of Varna by defeating the Hungarian, Polish, and Wallachian armies under Władysław III of Poland (also King of Hungary) and John Hunyadi at the Battle of Varna, although Albanians under Skanderbeg continued to resist.

Elizabeth of Luxembourg

Elisabeth of BohemiaElisabeth of LuxembourgElisabeth
Hungary was under a growing threat from the Ottoman Empire, and some Polish magnates did not want to agree to the king of Poland also being the monarch of Hungary, while Elisabeth, widow of the deceased King of Hungary, Albert II of Germany, attempted to keep the crown for her yet unborn child.
Bohemian nobility proclaimed an interregnum, while King Vladislaus III of Poland was crowned new king of Hungary in May 1440, three months after Queen Elizabeth delivered a son, Ladislaus the Posthumous.

Crusade of Varna

long campaignVarna1443 crusade
The "bulwark of Christianity" and other slogans put forward by the papal envoy Giuliano Cesarini, together with much more reasonable but only verbal promises of Venetian and papal fleets blockading the Dardanelles Straits, along with an enticing vision of a promise of victory in the Crusade of Varna against the Turks, persuaded Władysław to engage his freshly victorious forces for another season of war, thus breaching the ten-year truce with the aggressive and still powerful Ottoman Empire.
It was called by Pope Eugene IV on 1 January 1443 and led by King Władysław III of Poland, John Hunyadi, Voivode of Transylvania, and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy.

John Hunyadi

János HunyadiJanos HunyadiIancu de Hunedoara
Despite their alleged forthcoming help, the Venetian fleet carried the Turkish army from Asia into Europe but failed to sail to Varna, a surprising move that Władysław and his most senior military commander John Hunyadi failed to anticipate.
He actively took part in the civil war between the partisans of Wladislas I and the minor Ladislaus V, two claimants to the throne of Hungary in the early 1440s, on behalf of the former.

Hedwig Jagiellon (1408–1431)

Hedwig JagiellonHedwigJadwiga
Despite the agreements signed between Władysław II and the Polish magnates to ensure the succession for his sons, the opposition wanted another candidate for the Polish throne: Frederick of Brandenburg, who was betrothed to Hedwig, Jagiełło's daughter by his second wife.
Until the birth of Jagiello's son Władysław III in 1424, Hedwig's marriage was of paramount importance in Polish politics as her husband would presumably become King of Poland after Jagiello's death.

Spytko III of Melsztyn

Spytko of Melsztyn
His coronation was interrupted by a hostile nobleman, Spytko of Melsztyn.
After Jagiełło's death in 1434 he was the leader of the opposition against the political influences of Bishop of Kraków, Zbigniew Oleśnicki during the early years of the reign of young King Władysław III.

Ladislaus the Posthumous

Ladislaus VLadislausLadislaus V of Hungary
In Hungary he was succeeded by his former rival, the child-king Ladislaus the Posthumous.
Fearing an Ottoman invasion, the majority of the Hungarian lords and prelates offered the crown to Vladislaus III of Poland.

Casimir IV Jagiellon

Casimir IVCasimir IV of PolandKazimierz Jagiellończyk
Władysław was succeeded in the Kingdom of Poland by his younger brother, Duke Casimir IV of Lithuania, in 1447, after a three-year interregnum.
His father was already 65 at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority.

Varna

Varna, BulgariaOdessosOdessus
Despite their alleged forthcoming help, the Venetian fleet carried the Turkish army from Asia into Europe but failed to sail to Varna, a surprising move that Władysław and his most senior military commander John Hunyadi failed to anticipate.
The Turks routed an army of 20,000–30,000 crusaders led by Ladislaus III of Poland (also Ulászló I of Hungary), which had assembled at the port to set sail to Constantinople.

Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)

Kingdom of PolandPolandPolish
Władysław was succeeded in the Kingdom of Poland by his younger brother, Duke Casimir IV of Lithuania, in 1447, after a three-year interregnum.
In 1430, the nobility agreed to the succession of the future Władysław III only after the king consented to a series of concessions.

PFC Cherno More Varna

Cherno More VarnaCherno MoreVladislav Varna
There was also been a soccer team named Vladislav Varna.
In 1921 Sports Club Granit left the collective membership with SK Ticha due to financial disputes, becoming SC Vladislav after Polish king Władysław of Varna.

Albert II of Germany

AlbertAlbert IIAlbert V
Hungary was under a growing threat from the Ottoman Empire, and some Polish magnates did not want to agree to the king of Poland also being the monarch of Hungary, while Elisabeth, widow of the deceased King of Hungary, Albert II of Germany, attempted to keep the crown for her yet unborn child.

History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty

Kingdom of PolandPolishPoland
In 1430, the nobility agreed to the succession of the future Władysław III only after the king consented to a series of concessions.

Murad II

Murat IISultan Murad IISultan Murad
The Venetian treachery placed the huge Turkish army (60,000) under sultan Murad II in close proximity to the unsuspecting crusaders (20,000).
In the Battle of Varna in 1444, Murad II saw the Hungarians gaining the upper hand, and he got down from his horse and prayed just like the Caliph, and soon after, the tide turned in the Ottoman’s favor and the Hungarian king Wladyslaw was killed.

Julian Cesarini

Giuliano CesariniCardinal CesariniCesarini
The "bulwark of Christianity" and other slogans put forward by the papal envoy Giuliano Cesarini, together with much more reasonable but only verbal promises of Venetian and papal fleets blockading the Dardanelles Straits, along with an enticing vision of a promise of victory in the Crusade of Varna against the Turks, persuaded Władysław to engage his freshly victorious forces for another season of war, thus breaching the ten-year truce with the aggressive and still powerful Ottoman Empire.
However, the Turkish wars represented a serious danger to the Kingdom, and the noblemen summoned the young King Władysław of Poland and crowned him as Hungarian King, making him promise that he would defend the state against the Ottomans.

Jagiellonian dynasty

Jagiellon dynastyJagiellonJagiellonian
The eighteen-year-old king, although thus far a king solely by title, became deeply involved in the war against the Turks, having been brought up in the standard of a pious Christian monarch and ideal Christian knight, and paid no heed to the interests of Poland and of the Jagiellonian dynasty.
In 1430 the nobility agreed to the succession of the future Władysław III, only after the King gave in and guaranteed the satisfaction of their new demands.

Władysław II Jagiełło

JogailaWładysław JagiełłoWladyslaw Jagiello
Władysław was the first-born son of Władysław II Jagiełło and Sophia of Halshany.
He finally died in Grodek in 1434, leaving Poland to his elder son, Władysław III, and Lithuania to his younger, Casimir, both still minors at the time.

King of Hungary

Kings of HungaryKingQueen of Hungary
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.

Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCRO
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna. English: ''Vladislaus by God's grace king of Poland, Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rascia (Serbian Grand Principality) and lands of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Supreme Prince of Lithuania, lord and heir of Pomerania and Ruthenia''

Hungarian language

HungarianMagyarHungarian-language
Władysław III of Varna is known in Hungarian as 'I.