Władysław Odonic

Władysław Odonic's seal, dated from 1231

Władysław Odonic, nicknamed Plwacz or the Spitter, (c.

- Władysław Odonic

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Gniezno

City in central-western Poland, about 50 km east of Poznań, with 68,943 inhabitants making it the sixth-largest city in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.

Medieval seal of Gniezno
King Władysław IV Vasa confirms the old privileges of Gniezno, 1635
19th-century painting of Gniezno
Memorial at the site of a German execution of 24 Poles in November 1939 in the Dalki district
Gniezno during the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1979
View of Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Adalbert. On the right side - church under the invocation of St. John the Baptist
Panorama of Gniezno. 19th century
Gniezno Old Town
Aleksander Fredro Theatre in Gniezno
Regional court
Gniezno Doors in the Cathedral
Coffin of Adalbert of Prague in the Cathedral
Market Square (Rynek)
Holy Trinity church
Franciscan church
Gothic Saint John the Baptist church in winter
Saint Lawrence church
Monument of King Bolesław I the Brave with the Cathedral in the background
Museum of the Polish State Origins
Museum of Archdiocese in Gniezno
Episcopal palace of Primates of Poland
Saint George's Church

In the next centuries Gniezno evolved as a regional seat of the eastern part of Greater Poland, and in 1238 municipal autonomy was granted by the duke Władysław Odonic.

Henry the Bearded

Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1201, Duke of Kraków and High Duke of all Poland – internally divided – from 1232 until his death.

Henry's effigy on a seal
Monarchy of the Silesian Henries
The black crownless eagle of the Silesian Piasts
Henry I the Bearded with his family. In the center sit: Henry and his wife Hedwig, from left stand: Gertrude, Agnes, Henry II the Pious and Bolesław; at the bottom sit: Sophie and Konrad the Curly.

Two opposing groups emerged: 1) Mieszko IV Tanglefoot (Henry's uncle), and Duke Władysław III Spindleshanks of Greater Poland (Mieszko III's son and successor), and 2) Dukes Leszek the White of Sandomierz, Konrad I of Masovia (sons of late High Duke Casimir II the Just), and Władysław Odonic (Władysław III's nephew).

Władysław III Spindleshanks

Duke of Greater Poland (during 1194–1202 over all the land and during 1202–1229 only over the southern part), High Duke of Poland and Duke of Kraków during 1202–1206 and 1228–1231, Duke of Kalisz during 1202–1206, ruler of Lubusz during 1206–1210 and 1218–1225, and ruler over Gniezno during 1216–1217.

Deeds of the Princes of the Poles

After the death of Władysław's half-brother Odon on 20 April 1194, Władysław assumed the control of the Duchy in Southern Greater Poland (the Obra River), as guardian of his minor nephew Władysław Odonic (son of Odon, born ca. 1190).

Henry II the Pious

Duke of Silesia and High Duke of Poland as well as Duke of South-Greater Poland from 1238 until his death.

Henry II (center) holding a shield with the crest of Silesia, Hedwig Codex, c. undefined 1353
Henry II's reach of power at its greatest extent, 1239
The Mongols carrying the head of Henry II before Legnica, Hedwig Codex, c. undefined 1353
Original tomb effigy of Henry stomping on a Mongol, drawing from 1733

The will was ignored by Duke Konrad of Masovia and Władysław's III nephew Władysław Odonic.

Leszek the White

Prince of Sandomierz and High Duke of Poland in the years 1194–1198, 1199, 1206–1210, and 1211–1227.

Seal of Leszek Biały (Leszek I, "the White"), Front side.
Seal of Leszek Biały (Leszek I, "the White"), Back side.
The Death of Leszek the White by Jan Matejko (1880)
Statue of Leszek in Marcinkowo Górne at the site of his assassination
Leszek as imagined by Jan Matejko

This treaty also virtually disinherited Władysław Odonic, Władysław III's nephew and closest male relative.

Swietopelk II, Duke of Pomerania

The ruling Duke of Pomerelia-Gdańsk from 1215 until his death.

17th-century painting by Herman Han, Oliwa Abbey
Seal of Zwantepolc de Danceke, 1228
Signet ring

In 1233-34, Swietopelk II, with his brother Sambor, joined a crusading army along with Hermann Balk, Konrad I of Masovia, Henry the Bearded, and Władysław Odonic.

Bolesław the Pious

Duke of Greater Poland during 1239–1247 (according to some historians during 1239–1241 sole Duke of Ujście), Duke of Kalisz during 1247–1249, Duke of Gniezno during 1249–1250, Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz during 1253–1257, Duke of whole Greater Poland and Poznań during 1257–1273, in 1261 ruler over Ląd, regent of the Duchies of Mazovia, Płock and Czersk during 1262–1264, ruler over Bydgoszcz during 1268–1273, Duke of Inowrocław during 1271–1273, and Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz from 1273 until his death.

He was the second son of Władysław Odonic, Duke of Greater Poland by his wife Jadwiga, who was probably the daughter of Mestwin I, Duke of Pomerania, or a member of the Přemyslid dynasty.

Mieszko III the Old

Mieszko III the Old (c.

Mieszko's seal from 1145
Casimir's acquisitions (in green)

These two early deaths forced Mieszko to make a new divisionary treaty: the duke retained Kalisz for himself, while southern Greater Poland was given to his youngest son Władysław III Spindleshanks, who also assumed the guardianship of the minor son of Odon, Władysław Odonic.

Odon of Poznań

Duke of Greater Poland in 1179–1181, and Duke of Kalisz from 1193 to 1194.

Coat-of-arms of Piast of Poland

1) Władysław Odonic (c. 1190 – 5 June 1239)

Casimir I of Opole

Silesian duke of Opole and Racibórz from 1211 until his death.

Seal of Casimir I, 1226
1173 Silesia with the subdivisions of Opole and Racibòrz
Upper Silesian Duchy of Opole-Racibórz (in yellow), 1217-1230

Originally, he joined the coalition of the 'Junior Dukes' Leszek the White, Konrad I of Masovia, and Władysław Odonic, who fought against the politics of the Greater Polish duke Władysław III Spindleshanks and Duke Henry the Bearded.