Waistcoat

vestwaistcoatsvestsBanianFlannel vestsingletWaist coatfishing vestM.B waistcoatpadded
A waistcoat ( or ; colloquially called a weskit, derived from the French veste ), or vest, is a sleeveless upper-body garment.wikipedia
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Pocket watch

pocketwatchwatch fobfob watch
Before wristwatches became popular, gentlemen kept their pocket watches in the front waistcoat pocket, with the watch on a watch chain threaded through a buttonhole.
Pocket watches generally have an attached chain to allow them to be secured to a waistcoat, lapel, or belt loop, and to prevent them from being dropped.

Morning dress

morning suitday attireday dress
This is still seen in morning dress, which requires a waistcoat.
Morning dress, also known as formal day dress, is the formal Western dress code for day attire, consisting chiefly of, for men, a morning coat, waistcoat, and formal trousers, and an appropriate gown for women.

White tie

de rigueurevening dresswhite-tie
The waistcoats worn with white- and black- tie are different from standard daytime single-breasted waistcoats, being much lower in cut (with three buttons or four buttons, where all are fastened).
For men, it consists of a black dress coat with tails worn over a white starched shirt, Piqué waistcoat and the eponymous white bow tie worn around a standing wingtip collar.

Black tie

tuxedodinner jackettuxedos
The waistcoats worn with white- and black- tie are different from standard daytime single-breasted waistcoats, being much lower in cut (with three buttons or four buttons, where all are fastened).
It is worn with a white dress shirt with standing or turndown collar and link cuffs, a black bow tie, typically an evening waist coat or a cummerbund, and black patent leather dress shoes or court pumps.

Buff (colour)

buffbuffybuff-colored
As formalwear, it used to be common to wear a contrastingly coloured waistcoat, such as in buff or dove linen.
In 16th- and 17th-century European cultures, buff waistcoats ("vests" in American English), were considered proper casual wear.

Formal wear

formalevening wearformalwear
As formalwear, it used to be common to wear a contrastingly coloured waistcoat, such as in buff or dove linen. It is usually worn over a dress shirt and necktie and below a coat as a part of most men's formal wear.
Morning dress is the daytime formal dress code, consisting chiefly for men of a morning coat, waistcoat, and striped trousers, and an appropriate dress for women.

Frock coat

redingotefrockcoatPrince Albert coat
The justacorps frock coat was copied from the long zupans worn in Poland and the Ukraine, the necktie or cravat was derived from a scarf worn by Croatian mercenaries fighting for King Louis XIII of France, and the brightly coloured silk waistcoats popularised by King Charles II of England were inspired by exotic Persian attire acquired by wealthy English travellers.
One example is that a frock coat for formalwear was always double-breasted with peaked lapels and came with waistcoat.

Justacorps

justaucorpsPolish cuff
The justacorps frock coat was copied from the long zupans worn in Poland and the Ukraine, the necktie or cravat was derived from a scarf worn by Croatian mercenaries fighting for King Louis XIII of France, and the brightly coloured silk waistcoats popularised by King Charles II of England were inspired by exotic Persian attire acquired by wealthy English travellers.
The garment is of French origin, and was introduced in England as a component of a three-piece ensemble, which also included breeches and a long vest or waistcoat.

Suit

menswearsuitsbusiness suit
It is also sported as the third piece in the traditional three-piece male lounge suit.
A two-piece suit has a jacket and trousers, a three-piece suit adds a waistcoat (known as a vest in North America).

Cassock

soutanePriest's attirePriest's cassock
The variant of the clergy cassock may be cut as a vest.

Steampunk

steam punksteam-punksilkpunk
Waistcoats have also become popular within the indie and steampunk subcultures in the United States.
Such influences may include bustles, corsets, gowns, and petticoats; suits with waistcoats, coats, top hats and bowler hats (themselves originating in 1850 England), tailcoats and spats; or military-inspired garments.

T-shirt

T-shirtstee shirtT shirt
Vests are often worn both open or closed over dress shirts and even t-shirts.
T-shirts were originally worn as undershirts, but are now worn frequently as the only piece of clothing on the top half of the body, other than possibly a brassiere or, rarely, a waistcoat (vest).

Doublet (clothing)

doubletdoubletsArming doublet
The predecessors to the waistcoat are the Middle Age-era doublet (clothing) and gambeson.
The doublet fell permanently out of fashion in the mid-17th century when Louis XIV of France and Charles II of England established a court costume for men consisting of a long coat, a waistcoat, a cravat, a wig, and breeches—the ancestor of the modern suit.

Jacket

jacketsgarmentripped jackets
Jackets without sleeves are vests.

Cut-off

kuttecutscut-off vests
A cut-off, battle jacket, battle vest or kutte in heavy metal subcultures, is a type of vest or jacket which originated in the biker subculture and later found popularity in punk and various heavy metal subcultures.

Tailcoat

morning coatdress coattails
Pepys records "vest" as the original term; the word "waistcoat" derives from the cutting of the coat at waist-level, since at the time of the coining, tailors cut men's formal coats well below the waist (see dress coat).
As part of modern white tie, either a black or midnight blue dress coat is worn with a stiff detachable white wing-collar dress shirt, with a plain starched pique bib, and single cuffs fastened with cufflinks; a matching white marcella cotton bowtie and white waistcoat; black trousers; and black patent leather pumps with stockings.

Sleeveless shirt

tank toptank topssinglet
The term vest derives from the French language veste “jacket, sport coat", the term for a vest-waistcoat in French today being "gilet", the Italian language veste "robe, gown", and the Latin language vestis. The term vest in European countries refers to the A-shirt, a type of athletic vest. The Banyan, a garment of India, is commonly called a vest in Indian English.
In the UK, especially when used as an undershirt, it is known as a vest (compare the American usage of "vest").

Bulletproof vest

ballistic vestbody armorbulletproof vests
A scaled waistcoat of overlapping steel scales fixed to a leather lining was also designed; this armor weighed 11 lb, fit close to the body, and was considered more comfortable.

Gareth Southgate

SouthgateGareth
During the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the manager of the England football team, Gareth Southgate, was often seen wearing a waistcoat.
For the semi-final with Croatia, fans dressed up in Waistcoats in tribute to Southgate's iconic waistcoat, which he wore during England's matches: retailer Marks & Spencer reported a 35% increase in sales of waistcoats, and the hashtag 'WaistcoatWednesday' trended on Twitter.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
The term vest derives from the French language veste “jacket, sport coat", the term for a vest-waistcoat in French today being "gilet", the Italian language veste "robe, gown", and the Latin language vestis. The term vest in European countries refers to the A-shirt, a type of athletic vest. The Banyan, a garment of India, is commonly called a vest in Indian English. A waistcoat ( or ; colloquially called a weskit, derived from the French veste ), or vest, is a sleeveless upper-body garment.

Clothing

apparelgarmentclothes
A waistcoat ( or ; colloquially called a weskit, derived from the French veste ), or vest, is a sleeveless upper-body garment.

Dress shirt

oxford shirtbutton downshirt
It is usually worn over a dress shirt and necktie and below a coat as a part of most men's formal wear.

Necktie

tietiesneckties
It is usually worn over a dress shirt and necktie and below a coat as a part of most men's formal wear. The justacorps frock coat was copied from the long zupans worn in Poland and the Ukraine, the necktie or cravat was derived from a scarf worn by Croatian mercenaries fighting for King Louis XIII of France, and the brightly coloured silk waistcoats popularised by King Charles II of England were inspired by exotic Persian attire acquired by wealthy English travellers.

Coat

coatsCoat (clothing)coat or jacket
It is usually worn over a dress shirt and necktie and below a coat as a part of most men's formal wear.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The term waistcoat is used in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth countries.