Waitangi Day

New Zealand Day6 FebruaryFebruary 6Te Tii maraeWaitangi Action CommitteeWaitangi protest
Waitangi Day, the national day of New Zealand, commemorates the signing on 6 February 1840 of the Treaty of Waitangi.wikipedia
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Treaty of Waitangi

Te Tiriti o WaitangiTreatyThe Treaty of Waitangi
Waitangi Day, the national day of New Zealand, commemorates the signing on 6 February 1840 of the Treaty of Waitangi. The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 on the grounds of James Busby's house—now known as Treaty House—at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands.
The New Zealand government established Waitangi Day as a national holiday in 1974; each year the holiday commemorates the date of the signing of the Treaty.

Colony of New Zealand

New Zealandcolonyseparate colony
Prior to 1934, most celebrations of New Zealand's founding as a colony were held on 29 January, the date on which William Hobson arrived in the Bay of Islands to issue the proclamation of his appointment, which had been prepared by colonial office officials in England.
The Treaty of Waitangi was subsequently signed on 6 February 1840, William Hobson declaring British sovereignty over the islands of New Zealand on 21 May 1840 in two separate formal declarations.

Waitangi Day Act

Waitangi Day Act 1976Waitangi Day Act, 1960
The Waitangi Day Act of 1960 allowed localities to transfer the holiday from their existing regional public holiday to Waitangi Day.
Neither made 6 February (Waitangi Day) a public holiday; this was done by the New Zealand Day Act 1973.

National day

national holidaynational holidaysState day/week
Waitangi Day, the national day of New Zealand, commemorates the signing on 6 February 1840 of the Treaty of Waitangi.

Third Labour Government of New Zealand

Third Labour GovernmentLabour governmentThird Labour
After the 1972 election of the third Labour government under Prime Minister Norman Kirk, it was announced that from 1974, Waitangi Day would be a national holiday known as New Zealand Day.
The New Zealand Day Act 1973, which made Waitangi Day a national public holiday, also fulfilled the Māori demand for greater acknowledgement of the Treaty.

Waitangi, Northland

Waitangi WaitangiTe Tii Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 on the grounds of James Busby's house—now known as Treaty House—at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands.
Waitangi Day is the annual celebration of the signing, and is New Zealand's national holiday.

Treaty House

Busby's houseWaitangi propertyWaitangi Treaty House
The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 on the grounds of James Busby's house—now known as Treaty House—at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands.
From 1947 the grounds became the site of annual Waitangi Day celebrations.

Third National Government of New Zealand

Third National GovernmentNational GovernmentMuldoon government
The election of the third National government in 1975 led to the day being renamed Waitangi Day because the new prime minister, Robert Muldoon, did not like the name "New Zealand Day" and many Māori felt that it debased the treaty.
The government renamed New Zealand Day, established by the previous Third Labour Government, back to Waitangi Day in 1976 with the second Waitangi Day Act.

Norman Kirk

KirkKirk, NormanNew Zealand
After the 1972 election of the third Labour government under Prime Minister Norman Kirk, it was announced that from 1974, Waitangi Day would be a national holiday known as New Zealand Day.
A few weeks later, on 6 February 1973, Kirk was photographed at a Waitangi Day event holding the hand of a small Māori boy; the iconic picture seemed to symbolise a new era of racial partnership.

Helen Clark

ClarkClark, HelenHelen Elizabeth Clark
Politicians are usually granted speaking rights, but on occasion, the privilege has been withdrawn, as with Leader of the Opposition Helen Clark in 1999, Prime Minister John Key in 2016 (when one faction indicated it would even block him from entering the marae), and Prime Minister Bill English in 2017.
During the 1998 Waitangi Day celebrations, Clark was prevented from speaking on the marae by activist Titewhai Harawira in protest over Clark's being allowed to speak in direct contradiction of traditional Māori protocol.

Flag of New Zealand

New Zealand flagNew Zealandnational flag
At the 1974 commemorations, the Flag of New Zealand was flown for the first time at the top of the flagstaff at Waitangi, rather than the Union Flag, and a replica of the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand was also flown.
The United Tribes' flag is still flown on the flag pole at Waitangi, and can be seen on Waitangi Day.

John Key

KeySir John KeyKey, John
Politicians are usually granted speaking rights, but on occasion, the privilege has been withdrawn, as with Leader of the Opposition Helen Clark in 1999, Prime Minister John Key in 2016 (when one faction indicated it would even block him from entering the marae), and Prime Minister Bill English in 2017.
Later that year, when arriving at the Ngapuhi Te Tii Waitangi Marae the day before Waitangi Day, Key was briefly shoved and grabbed by two protesters before diplomatic protection officers pulled them off.

Jacinda Ardern

ArdernJacinda ArdenRt Hon Jacinda Ardern
In 2018, Jacinda Ardern was the first Prime Minister to attend the ceremony in three years.
On 2 February 2018, Ardern travelled to Waitangi for the annual Waitangi Day commemoration; she stayed in Waitangi for five days, an unprecedented length.

Bill English

EnglishEnglish, BillHon Bill English
Politicians are usually granted speaking rights, but on occasion, the privilege has been withdrawn, as with Leader of the Opposition Helen Clark in 1999, Prime Minister John Key in 2016 (when one faction indicated it would even block him from entering the marae), and Prime Minister Bill English in 2017.
In February 2017, English did not attend Waitangi Day commemorations at the historic treaty grounds, reportedly in response to the Ngāpuhi iwi's decision to stop the Prime Minister from speaking at the marae.

Anzac Day

Dawn Service25 April 1915ANZAC
Some New Zealand politicians and commentators, such as Paul Holmes, have felt that Waitangi Day is too controversial to be a national day and have sought to replace it with Anzac Day.
In 2013, a member's bill introduced by Labour MP David Clark to Mondayise Anzac Day and Waitangi Day passed, despite opposition from the governing National Party.

Titewhai Harawira

Titewhai Harawira, a Māori activist, greeted Ardern and escorted her onto the Treaty grounds holding hands, a significant change from her response to Helen Clark's visit in 1998 which brought Clark to tears.
She was part of a small group which formed the Waitangi Action Committee in 1979 to shut down Waitangi Day celebrations until the Treaty of Waitangi was honoured.

Pub crawl

bar-hoppingpub crawlsMonopoly Pub Crawl
A tradition, observed for more than 30 years, takes place on the closest Saturday to 6 February: Kiwis participate in a pub crawl using the London Underground's Circle Line.
Annually in London, thousands of New Zealanders take part in the Waitangi Day pub crawl, a crawl around the Circle Line on the London Underground.

New Zealand Day Act 1973

New Zealand Day Acta national holiday
The New Zealand Day Act legislation was passed in 1973.
The day had been known for some time as Waitangi Day and commemorated the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi.

St Lawrence Jewry

St. Lawrence JewrySt Lawrence's GuildhallSt Lawrence, Jewry
A service is also held by the society at the church of St Lawrence Jewry.
The church is used by the New Zealand Society UK, who celebrate Waitangi Day here in February each year.

Paul Holmes (broadcaster)

Paul HolmesHolmesSir Paul Holmes
Some New Zealand politicians and commentators, such as Paul Holmes, have felt that Waitangi Day is too controversial to be a national day and have sought to replace it with Anzac Day.
He appeared on Māori Television's Waitangi Day coverage on 6 February 2007.

Tino rangatiratanga

rangatiratangaMāori flagnational Māori flag
Although not part of government commemorations, Māori-sovereignty activists often fly the Tino Rangatiratanga flag from the flagstaff.
The group applied for the Tino Rangatiratanga flag to fly on the Auckland Harbour Bridge on Waitangi Day.

Ngā Tamatoa

Nga TamatoaHe Taua
By 1971, Waitangi and Waitangi Day had become a focus of protest concerning treaty injustices, with Ngā Tamatoa leading early protests.
Ngā Tamatoa initiated the annual protests at Waitangi on Waitangi Day, in 1973 after Prime Minister Norman Kirk changed the name of the day to 'New Zealand Day'.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
Waitangi Day, the national day of New Zealand, commemorates the signing on 6 February 1840 of the Treaty of Waitangi.

James Busby

The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 on the grounds of James Busby's house—now known as Treaty House—at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands.

Bay of Islands

Bay of Islands, New ZealandIpipiri
The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 on the grounds of James Busby's house—now known as Treaty House—at Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands.