Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor

Waldorf AstorLord Astor2nd Viscount AstorHon. Waldorf AstorWaldorfThe 2nd Viscount AstorViscount Waldorf AstorThe Rt Hon Viscount Astorthe ViscountViscount Astor
Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor, DL (19 May 1879 – 30 September 1952) was an American-born English politician and newspaper proprietor.wikipedia
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William Waldorf Astor

William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount AstorW. W. Astor1st Viscount Astor
He was the eldest son of William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor and Mary Dahlgren Paul.
In 1912 he sold the Magazine, and in 1914 made a present of the Gazette and The Observer, with the building in Newton Street and its contents, to his son Waldorf Astor.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

Lady AstorNancy AstorNancy Witcher Langhorne
In 1905, while a passenger on an Atlantic voyage returning to Britain, Astor met Nancy Langhorne Shaw, a divorced woman with a young son (Robert Gould Shaw III).
Astor was an American citizen who moved to England at age 26 and married Waldorf Astor.

Cliveden

Cliveden HouseCliefdenCliveden Hotel
As a wedding gift, Waldorf's father gave him and his bride the family estate at Cliveden, which Nancy redecorated and modernized with the installation of electricity.
As home of Nancy Astor, wife of the 2nd Viscount Astor, Cliveden was the meeting place of the Cliveden Set of the 1920s and 30s—a group of political intellectuals.

William Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor

William AstorLord Astor3rd Viscount Astor
William was the eldest son of Waldorf Astor and Nancy Witcher Langhorne (by marriage, Viscountess Astor).

David Astor

Francis David Langhorne AstorDavid
His son David Astor, who became owner and editor of The Observer in 1948, never forgave Claud Cockburn and his newssheet The Week for attacks on the "Cliveden Set".
David Astor was born in London, England, the third child of American-born English parents, Waldorf Astor, Viscount Astor (1879–1952) and Nancy Witcher Langhorne (1879–1964).

Jakie Astor

John Jacob Astor VIIJohn Jacob "Jakie" Astor VIISir Jakie Astor
John Jacob Astor VII (Jakie) was born 29 August 1918, the youngest of the four sons of Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor and Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor (1878–1964).

Robert Gould Shaw III

In 1905, while a passenger on an Atlantic voyage returning to Britain, Astor met Nancy Langhorne Shaw, a divorced woman with a young son (Robert Gould Shaw III).
After his parents' divorce in 1903, he moved to England with his mother Nancy, who later married Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor and became the first woman in Britain to take her seat as a Member of Parliament.

Michael Astor

Michael Langhorne AstorHon Michael AstorHon. Michael Astor
He was the fourth child of Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor, and Nancy Witcher Langhorne, both Members of Parliament.

Astor family

Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health

Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Health
In 1918 he served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food and from 1919 until 1921 he served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health while also playing a prominent role as a member of Lloyd George's "garden suburb" of advisers.

The Observer

ObserverObserver Music MonthlyObserver Food Monthly
In 1911, Astor was approached by James Louis Garvin, the editor of The Observer, about purchasing the newspaper from its owner, the press baron Lord Northcliffe.
These disagreements ultimately led Northcliffe to sell the paper to William Waldorf Astor in 1911, who transferred ownership to his son Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor four years later.

Viscount Astor

Baron AstorviscountViscounts Astor
In 1916, father William Waldorf Astor was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Astor.
His eldest son Waldorf, the second Viscount, was the husband of Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, the first woman to sit in the House of Commons.

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
When his friend David Lloyd George became prime minister and formed a new coalition government, Astor became his parliamentary private secretary.
Its leading members were George Adams and Philip Kerr, and the other secretaries included David Davies, Joseph Davies, Waldorf Astor and, later, Cecil Harmsworth.

Plymouth Sutton (UK Parliament constituency)

Plymouth SuttonPlymouth, SuttonPlymouth, Sutton BC
He held the seat until the constituency was abolished in 1918, after which he moved to the borough of Plymouth Sutton.

James Louis Garvin

J. L. GarvinJ.L. GarvinJL Garvin
In 1911, Astor was approached by James Louis Garvin, the editor of The Observer, about purchasing the newspaper from its owner, the press baron Lord Northcliffe.
In 1915, Astor gave the two papers to his son, Waldorf as a birthday gift; Waldorf Astor then sold the Pall Mall Gazette, which allowed Garvin to leave his position with that paper and focus on editing The Observer.

Court Martial (horse)

Court Martial
These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Court Martial (foaled 1942 in England – died in 1974) was a Thoroughbred racehorse bred and raced by Lord Astor best known for defeating two exceptional colts in Dante and Royal Charger for the Classic 2000 Guineas Stakes and as a two-time leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland.

Pay Up (horse)

Pay Up
These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Pay Up was a "stylish" brown horse bred and owned by Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Craig an Eran

These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Craig an Eran was a bay horse bred in the United Kingdom by his owner Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Lloyd George ministry

coalition governmentCoalitionLloyd George Coalition Government
When his friend David Lloyd George became prime minister and formed a new coalition government, Astor became his parliamentary private secretary.

Pogrom (horse)

Pogrom
These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Pogrom was a bay mare bred in the United Kingdom by her owner Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Sunny Jane (horse)

Sunny Jane
These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Sunny Jane was a chestnut mare bred in the United Kingdom by her owner Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Pennycomequick (horse)

Pennycomequicka racehorse he bred
These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
Pennycomequick was a brown mare "of great power and quality" bred in the United Kingdom by her owner Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Eclipse Stakes

EclipseCoral EclipseCoral-Eclipe
In addition to these successes he had 4 winners of the Eclipse Stakes, 3 winners of the St. James's Palace Stakes and 2 winners of the Champion Stakes.

Coronation Stakes

To this day he still holds the record for the number of winners (7) of Royal Ascot's important Coronation Stakes.
* Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor – Winkipop (1910), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Book Law (1927), Sunny Devon (1931), Betty (1933), Traffic Light (1936)

Saucy Sue

These were; Two Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Craig an Eran (1921), Pay Up (1936) and Court Martial (1945); One Thousand Guineas Stakes:- Winkipop (1910) and Saucy Sue (1925); Oaks Stakes:- Sunny Jane (1917), Pogrom (1922), Saucy Sue (1925), Short Story (1926) and Pennycomequick (1929); and St Leger Stakes:- Book Law (1927).
She was bred by her owner Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor, an American-born politician and newspaper proprietor.