Waldorf education

Waldorf schoolWaldorfSteiner SchoolRudolf Steiner SchoolWaldorf schoolsSteinerRudolf Steinereducational philosophyRudolph Steiner SchoolSteiner education
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.wikipedia
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Anthroposophy

anthroposophistanthroposophicalanthroposophic
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
Anthroposophical ideas have been employed in alternative movements in many areas including education (both in Waldorf schools and in the Camphill movement), agriculture, medicine, banking, organizational development, and the arts.

Rudolf Steiner

SteinerDr. Rudolf SteinerSteiner, Rudolf
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
In the third phase of his work, beginning after World War I, Steiner worked to establish various practical endeavors, including Waldorf education, biodynamic agriculture, and anthroposophical medicine.

Michael Hall (school)

Michael HallMichael Hall SchoolKidbrooke Park
The first school in England (Michael Hall) was founded in 1925; the first in the United States (the Rudolf Steiner School in New York City) in 1928.
Michael Hall is an independent Steiner Waldorf school in Kidbrooke Park on the edge of Ashdown Forest in East Sussex.

Eurythmy

eurythmisteurhythmyEurythmics
(reincarnation, karma, the existence of gnomes, eurythmy).
Primarily a performance art, it is also used in education, especially in Waldorf schools, and – as part of anthroposophic medicine – for claimed therapeutic purposes.

Homeschooling

homeschooledhomeschoolhome-schooled
There are also a number of Waldorf-based public schools, charter schools and academies, and homeschooling environments.
Some of the methods or learning environments used include Classical education (including Trivium, Quadrivium), Charlotte Mason education, Montessori method, Theory of multiple intelligences, Unschooling, Radical Unschooling, Waldorf education, School-at-home (curriculum choices from both secular and religious publishers), A Thomas Jefferson Education, unit studies, curriculum made up from private or small publishers, apprenticeship, hands-on-learning, distance learning (both online and correspondence), dual enrollment in local schools or colleges, and curriculum provided by local schools and many others.

Philosophy of education

educational philosophyEducational philosophieseducational philosopher
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
Now known as Steiner or Waldorf education, his pedagogy emphasizes a balanced development of cognitive, affective/artistic, and practical skills (head, heart, and hands).

Preschool

pre-schoolnursery schoolnursery
Waldorf preschools employ a regular daily routine that includes free play, artistic work (e.g. drawing, painting or modeling), circle time (songs, games, and stories), and practical tasks (e.g. cooking, cleaning, and gardening), with rhythmic variations.
Preschools have adopted various methods of teaching, such as Montessori, Waldorf, Head Start, HighScope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street and Forest kindergartens.

Main lesson

The school day generally begins with a one-and-a-half to two-hour, cognitively oriented academic lesson, or "Main lesson", that focuses on a single theme over the course of about a month's time.
The concept is primarily used in Waldorf pedagogy.

Stuttgart

Stuttgart, GermanyStuttgart, West GermanyVaihingen
The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. The first school based upon the ideas of Rudolf Steiner was opened in 1919 in response to a request from Emil Molt, the owner and managing director of the Waldorf-Astoria Cigarette Company in Stuttgart, Germany.
The first Waldorf School (also known as Rudolf Steiner School) was founded here in 1919 by the director of the Waldorf Astoria tobacco factory, Emil Molt, and Austrian social thinker Rudolf Steiner, a comprehensive school following Steiner's educational principles of anthroposophy and humanistic ideals.

Steiner Academy Hereford

The first state-funded Steiner-Waldorf school in the United Kingdom, the Steiner Academy Hereford, opened in 2008.
The Steiner Academy Hereford is a Steiner-Waldorf Academy school in Much Dewchurch near Hereford, Herefordshire, UK.

Holistic education

holisticholisticallybroad concept of education
Its pedagogy strives to develop pupils' intellectual, artistic, and practical skills in an integrated and holistic manner.

Waldorf-Astoria-Zigarettenfabrik

Astor CigarettesWaldorf Astoria tobacco factoryWaldorf-Astoria Cigarette Company
The first school based upon the ideas of Rudolf Steiner was opened in 1919 in response to a request from Emil Molt, the owner and managing director of the Waldorf-Astoria Cigarette Company in Stuttgart, Germany.
Waldorf-Astoria became famous for giving its name to Waldorf education.

Emil Molt

The first school based upon the ideas of Rudolf Steiner was opened in 1919 in response to a request from Emil Molt, the owner and managing director of the Waldorf-Astoria Cigarette Company in Stuttgart, Germany.
He was the director of the Waldorf-Astoria-Zigarettenfabrik, and with Rudolf Steiner co-founded the first Waldorf school.

Four temperaments

phlegmaticcholericsanguine
Instead Steiner adapted the idea of the classic four temperaments – melancholic, sanguine, phlegmatic and choleric – for pedagogical use in the elementary years.
Waldorf education and anthroposophy believe that the temperaments help to understand personality.

Charter school

chartercharter schoolspublic charter school
There are also a number of Waldorf-based public schools, charter schools and academies, and homeschooling environments.
Private schools have since medieval times been a part of the education system, and is today consisting of 63 Montessori and 32 Steiner (Waldorf) charter schools, some religious schools and 11 non-governmental funded schools like the Oslo International School, the German School Max Tau and the French School Lycée Français, a total of 195 schools.

Looping (education)

looping
Class teachers are normally expected to teach a group of children for several years, a practice known as looping.
It had its origin in Waldorf education, which spread in the United States in 1928 after it was first introduced in Europe.

Friends of Waldorf Education

The Friends of Waldorf Education is an organization whose purpose is to support, finance and advise the Waldorf movement worldwide, particularly in disadvantaged settings.
The association fosters initiatives all over the world for a free education and organisations that work on the basis of Waldorf education.

Kindergarten

KYear Kkindergartens
That school is now an award-winning government-funded school with over 650 students offering classes for kindergarten and years 1 to 11 (the Russian education system is an eleven year system).
Many Kindergärten follow a certain educational approach, such as Montessori, Reggio Emilia, "Berliner Bildungsprogramm" or Waldorf; forest kindergartens are well established.

Pentatonic scale

pentatonicminor pentatonic scalemajor pentatonic scale
Pupils usually learn to play pentatonic flutes, recorders and/or lyres in the early elementary grades.
The pentatonic scale plays a significant role in music education, particularly in Orff-based, Kodály-based, and Waldorf methodologies at the primary or elementary level.

Humanistic education

Humanism (philosophy of education)humanisthumanistic
Tom Stehlik places Waldorf education in a humanistic tradition, and contrasts its philosophically grounded approach to "value-neutral" secular state schooling systems.
A number of contemporary school movements incorporate humanistic perspectives within a larger, holistic context: these include the Waldorf, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Neohumanist schools.

Associação Comunitária Monte Azul

The organisation was founded in 1979 by the German Waldorf teacher Ute Craemer together with the residents of the Favela Monte Azul.

Thomas E. Mathews Community School

T.E. Mathews Community School
The Thomas E. Mathews Community School is a Waldorf-inspired public school serving at-risk students in grades 7 through 12 with the goal of their returning to district public schools.

Frome

Frome, SomersetFrome SelwoodBadgers Hill
Since then, Steiner academies have opened in Frome, Exeter and Bristol as part of the government-funded free schools programme.
In 2012 the first publicly funded Steiner Academy in the UK opened in Frome.

Andreas Schleicher

Schleicher, Andreas
Andreas Schleicher, international coordinator of the PISA studies, commented on what he saw as the "high degree of congruence between what the world demands of people, and what Waldorf schools develop in their pupils", placing a high value on creatively and productively applying knowledge to new realms.
When Schleicher was 10, his father removed him from the state school system and sent him to the Waldorf school in Hamburg-Wandsbek, where he achieved an average of 1.0, the top mark possible, on his school leaving certificate.

Earthship

Earthshipsdesign conceptEarthship Biotecture
In 2011, construction began on the Goderich Waldorf School of Sierra Leone.