Walking

Computer simulation of a human walk cycle. In this model the head keeps the same level at all times, whereas the hip follows a sine curve.
Racewalkers at the World Cup Trials in 1987
Nordic walkers
Free heels are a defining characteristic of ski touring
Human Walking Cycle
Hiking with full packs.
Gauchetière Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Two king penguins and one gentoo penguin walking on a beach on South Georgia, British overseas territory
The walk, a four-beat gait
An Asian elephant walking
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One of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals.

- Walking
Computer simulation of a human walk cycle. In this model the head keeps the same level at all times, whereas the hip follows a sine curve.

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Racewalkers at the U.S. World Cup Trials in 1987

Racewalking

Long-distance discipline within the sport of athletics.

Long-distance discipline within the sport of athletics.

Racewalkers at the U.S. World Cup Trials in 1987
Men's 20-km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. The walker at the right appears to be illegal in that both feet are off the ground, but according to the current rules, an infraction is only committed when the loss of contact is visible to the human eye.
Shaul Ladany (centre), in 1969
A racewalker "flying" (entirely out of contact with the ground, a rule violation)
The start of the 3500 m walk final, 1908 Olympics

The sport emerged from a British culture of long-distance competitive walking known as pedestrianism, which began to develop the ruleset that is the basis of the modern discipline around the mid-19th century.

The Ramblers

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A path maintenance team from The Ramblers.

The Ramblers is the trading name of the Ramblers Association, Great Britain's leading walking charity.

Marathon runners at Carlsbad Marathon, USA, 2013

Running

Not to be confused with Gait.

Not to be confused with Gait.

Marathon runners at Carlsbad Marathon, USA, 2013
A scene depicting long-distance runners, originally found on a Panathenaic amphora from Ancient Greece, circa 333 BCE
Ancient Roman bronze sculptures of runners from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, now in the Naples National Archaeological Museum
Eadweard Muybridge photo sequence
Person with a bad running form. Heel striking and leaning forward are some of the most common mistakes and cause of injuries among beginners.
Chafing of skin following a marathon run
Maximum human speed [km/h] and pace [min/km] per distance
A man running with a baton during a relay race.
International-level women athletes competing in 100 m sprint race at ISTAF Berlin, 2006

This is in contrast to walking, where one foot is always in contact with the ground, the legs are kept mostly straight and the center of gravity vaults over the stance leg or legs in an inverted pendulum fashion.

Quadriceps femoris, with different muscles in different colors. rectus femoris - blue vastus lateralis - yellow vastus intermedius - green vastus medialis - red

Quadriceps

Large muscle group that includes the four prevailing muscles on the front of the thigh.

Large muscle group that includes the four prevailing muscles on the front of the thigh.

Quadriceps femoris, with different muscles in different colors. rectus femoris - blue vastus lateralis - yellow vastus intermedius - green vastus medialis - red
The quadriceps consists of four separate muscles
The leg extension is an isolation exercise for the quadriceps.
The quadriceps tendon connects to the top part of the kneecap (patella)
Cross-section through the middle of the thigh
The quadriceps forms the bulk of front part of the thigh

They are crucial in walking, running, jumping and squatting.

Women jogging along Morro Strand State Beach, California, U.S.

Jogging

Form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace.

Form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace.

Women jogging along Morro Strand State Beach, California, U.S.
Jogging track in Hong Kong
A detail of an ancient mosaic depicting a young woman who jogs with dumbbells, fourth century AD
Säpojoggen jogging event in Sweden

The main intention is to increase physical fitness with less stress on the body than from faster running but more than walking, or to maintain a steady speed for longer periods of time.

Sport of athletics

A copy of the Ancient Greek statue Discobolus, portraying a discus thrower
A typical track and field stadium with an oval running track and a grassy inner field
International level women athletes at ISTAF Berlin, 2006
Runners in the popular National Marathon race in Washington, D.C.
Competitors mid-race at a boys high school event in the United States
A track-side judge monitoring technique at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden.
Foekje Dillema was banned from the women's division in 1950
Masters marathon runner Fauja Singh
Competitor in a wheelchair race at the 2008 Summer Paralympics.
A typical layout of an outdoor track and field stadium
A cross country race taking place at a snowy park in the United States.
A typical road running course on the inner-city roads of Toronto
Map of the six continental federations of World Athletics
Men's 1,500-metre Running during the 2018 IAAF World U20 Championships at the Ratina Stadium in Tampere, Finland
The athletics competition underway at the main stadium of the 2008 Summer Olympics
Ancient Greek pottery showing the javelin and the discus throw

Athletics is a group of sporting events that involves competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.

Hiking in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado

Hiking

Hiking in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado
A hiker enjoying the view of the Alps
The Karhunkierros ("Bear's Round"), an 80 km long hiking trail through the Oulanka National Park in Kuusamo, Finland
Claife Station, built at one of Thomas West's 'viewing stations', to allow visiting tourists and artists to better appreciate the picturesque Lake District, Cumbria, England.
Map of Robert Louis Stevenson's walking route in the Cévennes, France, taken from Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes (1879), a pioneering classic of outdoor literature.
Thoreau walked 34 mi to Mount Wachusett, shown here.
The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
The King Talal Dam in Jerash lies along the Jordan Trail in Jordan
Youth hiking in Israel
Backpacks are commonly used on hikes
Parts of many hiking trails around Lake Mohonk, New York State, US, include stairways which can prevent erosion
Hiking on an arête, Ötztal Alps, Austria. An example of a hiking route that involves sure-footedness, and a head for heights
Snowshoers in Bryce Canyon, Utah, U.S..
Cross-country skiing (including Ski touring) gives access to hiking trails in winter

Hiking is a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails or footpaths in the countryside.

Ivinghoe Beacon, Buckinghamshire, England (the eastern trailhead) seen looking north from the Ridgeway

Walking in the United Kingdom

One of the most popular outdoor recreational activities in the United Kingdom, and within England and Wales there is a comprehensive network of rights of way that permits access to the countryside.

One of the most popular outdoor recreational activities in the United Kingdom, and within England and Wales there is a comprehensive network of rights of way that permits access to the countryside.

Ivinghoe Beacon, Buckinghamshire, England (the eastern trailhead) seen looking north from the Ridgeway
Skiddaw mountain, the town of Keswick, Cumbria and Derwent Water seen from Walla Crag, Lake District, England
Claife Station, built at one of Thomas West's "viewing stations", to allow visiting tourists and artists to better appreciate the picturesque Lake District
Commemorative plaque of the Mass trespass of Kinder Scout in 1932, an event that led to great expansion of the public right of access to the British countryside
Limestone hills and dry-stone walls in the west of the Yorkshire Dales. This part of the national park is popular with walkers due to the presence of the Yorkshire Three Peaks.
The Mourne Wall, looking towards Hare's Gap in the Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland
The paved surface of the Pennine Way on Black Hill, Cheshire, England
The summit of the Black Mountain, crossed by the Offa's Dyke Path on the English/Welsh border
Liathach seen from Beinn Eighe. With the Munro "Top" of Stuc a' Choire Dhuibh Bhig (915 metres) in the foreground and the two Munro summits in the background.
Striding Edge from Helvellyn, English Lake District
Hillwalkers on Catbells, Lake District, England
The Regent's Canal near St Mark's Regents' Park
Ingleborough, Yorkshire, which is on the Yorkshire Three Peaks

Walking is used in the United Kingdom to describe a range of activity, from a walk in the park to trekking in the Alps.

An ostrich, the fastest extant biped at 70 km/h

Bipedalism

Form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs or legs.

Form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by means of its two rear limbs or legs.

An ostrich, the fastest extant biped at 70 km/h
A Man Running - Eadweard Muybridge
Profile view of the human spine
A group of children racing
The human respiratory system, encased by the rib cage
ASIMO - a bipedal robot

Types of bipedal movement include walking, running, and hopping.

The zebra is a quadruped.

Quadrupedalism

The zebra is a quadruped.

Quadrupedalism is a form of terrestrial locomotion where a tetrapod (as well as mantises, who primarily walk in this way) animal uses all four limbs (legs) to bear weight, walk, and run.