Walking

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Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.wikipedia
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Running

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Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. In humans and other bipeds, walking is generally distinguished from running in that only one foot at a time leaves contact with the ground and there is a period of double-support.
This is in contrast to walking, where one foot is always in contact with the ground, the legs are kept mostly straight and the center of gravity vaults over the stance leg or legs in an inverted pendulum fashion.

Bipedalism

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In humans and other bipeds, walking is generally distinguished from running in that only one foot at a time leaves contact with the ground and there is a period of double-support.
Types of bipedal movement include walking, running, or hopping.

The Ramblers

Ramblers' AssociationRamblersRamblers Association
One programme to encourage walking is "The Walking the Way to Health Initiative", organized by the British walkers association The Ramblers, which is the largest volunteer led walking scheme in the United Kingdom.
The Ramblers, formally known as The Ramblers' Association, is the largest walkers' rights organisation in Great Britain, and aims to represent the interests of walkers (or ramblers).

Animal locomotion

locomotionlocomotor activitylocomotor
Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.
Humans are bipedal animals, standing on two feet and keeping one on the ground at all times while walking.

Nordic walking

Nordic walkers10K Nordic walkingfitness walking
There are a variety of different kinds of walking, including bushwalking, racewalking, beach walking, hillwalking, volksmarching, Nordic walking, trekking, dog walking and hiking.
Nordic walking is a total body version of walking that can be enjoyed both by non-athletes as a health-promoting physical activity, and by athletes as a sport.

Sport of athletics

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Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.

Jogging

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The main intention is to increase physical fitness with less stress on the body than from faster running but more than walking, or to maintain a steady speed for longer periods of time.

Walking in the United Kingdom

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There are a variety of different kinds of walking, including bushwalking, racewalking, beach walking, hillwalking, volksmarching, Nordic walking, trekking, dog walking and hiking.
Walking is used in the United Kingdom to describe a range of activity, from a walk in the park to trekking in the Alps.

Hiking

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There are a variety of different kinds of walking, including bushwalking, racewalking, beach walking, hillwalking, volksmarching, Nordic walking, trekking, dog walking and hiking.
Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.

Power walking

fitwalkingspeed walkingPower Walk
There is an absolute limit on an individual's speed of walking (without special techniques such as those employed in speed walking) due to the upwards acceleration of the centre of mass during a stride – if it's greater than the acceleration due to gravity the person will become airborne as they vault over the leg on the ground.
Power Walking or speed walking is the act of walking with a speed at the upper end of the natural range for the walking gait, typically 7 to 9 km/h (4.5 to 5.5 mph).

Dog walking

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There are a variety of different kinds of walking, including bushwalking, racewalking, beach walking, hillwalking, volksmarching, Nordic walking, trekking, dog walking and hiking.
Dog walking is the act of a person walking with a dog, typically from the dog's residence and then returning.

Exercise

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Many people enjoy walking as a recreation in the mainly urban modern world, and it is one of the best forms of exercise.

Pedometer

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Some people prefer to walk indoors on a treadmill, or in a gym, and fitness walkers and others may use a pedometer to count their steps.
Often worn on the belt and kept on all day, it can record how many steps the wearer has walked that day, and thus the kilometers or miles (distance = number of steps × step length).

Walkability

walkablepedestrian-friendlyPedestrian-oriented development
There has been a recent focus among urban planners in some communities to create pedestrian-friendly areas and roads, allowing commuting, shopping and recreation to be done on foot.
Walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking.

Racewalking

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There are a variety of different kinds of walking, including bushwalking, racewalking, beach walking, hillwalking, volksmarching, Nordic walking, trekking, dog walking and hiking. This distinction has the status of a formal requirement in competitive walking events.

Pedestrian

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Specific studies have found pedestrian walking speeds at crosswalks ranging from 4.51 km/h to 4.75 km/h for older individuals and from 5.32 km/h to 5.43 km/h for younger individuals; a brisk walking speed can be around 6.5 km/h. Shared-use lanes for pedestrians and those using bicycles, Segways, wheelchairs, and other small rolling conveyances that do not use internal combustion engines.
A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.

Wheelchair

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Shared-use lanes for pedestrians and those using bicycles, Segways, wheelchairs, and other small rolling conveyances that do not use internal combustion engines.
A wheelchair is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.

Transport

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Walking is also considered to be a clear example of a sustainable mode of transport, especially suited for urban use and/or relatively shorter distances.
Human-powered transport, a form of sustainable transport, is the transport of people and/or goods using human muscle-power, in the form of walking, running and swimming.

Preferred walking speed

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Although walking speeds can vary greatly depending on many factors such as height, weight, age, terrain, surface, load, culture, effort, and fitness, the average human walking speed at crosswalks is about 5.0 kilometres per hour (km/h), or about 1.4 meters per second (m/s), or about 3.1 miles per hour (mph).
The preferred walking speed is the speed at which humans or animals choose to walk.

Walkathon

Walk-A-Thonsponsored walkcharity walk
A walkathon (walk-a-thon), walking marathon or sponsored walk is a type of community or school fundraiser in which participants raise money by collecting donations or pledges for walking a predetermined distance or course.

Nijmegen

Nijmegen, NetherlandsUlpia Noviomagus BatavorumNoviomagus
The "Vierdaagse" (Dutch for "Four day Event") is an annual walk that has taken place since 1909; it has been based at Nijmegen since 1916.
Over 40,000 participants from about 70 countries, including as far away as Canada, USA and Australia, undertake four days of walking with distances ranging from 30 to 50 km.

Walking meditation

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Walking meditation, also known as kinhin is the walking meditation that is practiced between long periods of the sitting meditation known as zazen.

Arm swing in human locomotion

Swinging arms in an opposing direction with respect to the lower limb reduces the angular momentum of the body, balancing the rotational motion produced during walking.

ELTIS

A large variety of case studies and good practices (from European cities and some worldwide examples) that promote and stimulate walking as a means of transportation in cities can be found at Eltis, Europe's portal for local transport.