Wallonia

WalloonWalloon RegionBEL WaWallonieBEL (Wa)WaWalWallonfrancophone BelgiumWallonia Region
Wallonia (Wallonie ; Wallonien or Wallonie ; Wallonië ; Walonreye ; Wallounien ) is a region of Belgium.wikipedia
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Brussels

Brussels, BelgiumBrussels-Capital RegionBruxelles
The Walloon Region was not merged with the French Community of Belgium, which is the political entity responsible for matters related mainly to culture and education, because the French Community of Belgium encompasses both Wallonia and the majority French-Speaking Brussels-Capital Region.
The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region (in which it forms an enclave) and the Walloon Region.

Belgium

BelgianBELKingdom of Belgium
Wallonia (Wallonie ; Wallonien or Wallonie ; Wallonië ; Walonreye ; Wallounien ) is a region of Belgium.
It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region.

Charleroi

Charleroi, BelgiumBaulet-CharleroiCharleroi Marcinelle
The capital of Wallonia is Namur, and the most populous city is Charleroi. Due to their long industrial historic record, several segments of the valley have received specific names: Borinage, around Mons, le Centre, around La Louvière, the Pays noir, around Charleroi and the Basse-Sambre, near Namur.
Charleroi (, ; Tchålerwè ) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.

Flemish Region

FlemishFlandersBelgian Flanders
Since World War II, the importance of heavy industry has greatly diminished, and the Flemish Region surpassed Wallonia in wealth, as Wallonia declined economically.
The Flemish Region (Vlaams Gewest, ; Région flamande) is one of the three regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.

German-speaking Community of Belgium

German-speaking CommunityGerman CommunityGerman-speaking
It forms the German-speaking Community of Belgium, which has its own government and parliament for culture-related issues.
Covering an area of 854 km² within the province of Liège (Lüttich) in Wallonia, it includes nine of the eleven municipalities of East Cantons (Ost-Kantone).

Flanders

FlemishVlaanderenFlemings
Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands (Limburg) in the north, France (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to the south and west, and Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate) and Luxembourg (Capellen, Clervaux, Esch-sur-Alzette, Redange and Wiltz) to the east.
Belgium was one of the centres of the 19th century industrial revolution but Flanders was at first overtaken by French-speaking Wallonia.

Limburg (Netherlands)

LimburgDutch LimburgProvince of Limburg
Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands (Limburg) in the north, France (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to the south and west, and Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate) and Luxembourg (Capellen, Clervaux, Esch-sur-Alzette, Redange and Wiltz) to the east.
Much of the west border runs along the River Maas, bordering the Flemish province of Limburg, and a small part of the Walloon province of Liège.

Walloons

WalloonWallonianWalloon people
Wallonia is named after the Walloons, the population of the Burgundian Netherlands speaking Romance languages.
Walloons (Wallons ; Walons) are a Romance ethnic group native to Belgium, principally its southern region of Wallonia, who primarily speak langues d'oïl dialects such as Belgian French, Picard and Walloon.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
The root of the word Wallonia, like the words Wales, Cornwall and Wallachia, is the Germanic word Walha, meaning the strangers.
The modern names for various Romance-speaking people in Continental Europe (e.g. Wallonia, Wallachia, Valais, Vlachs, and Włochy, the Polish name for Italy) have a similar etymology.

Ardennes

Ardennes ForestThe ArdennesArdenne
In the southeast lie the Ardennes, hilly and sparsely populated.
Located primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching as well into Germany and France (lending its name to the Ardennes department and the former Champagne-Ardenne region), and geologically into the Eifel—the eastern extension of the Ardennes Forest into Bitburg-Prüm, Germany, most of the Ardennes proper consists of southeastern Wallonia, the southern and more rural part of the Kingdom of Belgium (away from the coastal plain but encompassing more than half of the country's total area).

Wallachia

Principality of WallachiaWalachiaWallachian
The root of the word Wallonia, like the words Wales, Cornwall and Wallachia, is the Germanic word Walha, meaning the strangers.
In Northwestern Europe this gave rise to Wales, Cornwall, and Wallonia, among others, while in Southeast Europe it was used to designate Romance-speakers, and subsequently shepherds generally.

French Community of Belgium

French CommunityFrench-speaking CommunityFrench
The Walloon Region was not merged with the French Community of Belgium, which is the political entity responsible for matters related mainly to culture and education, because the French Community of Belgium encompasses both Wallonia and the majority French-Speaking Brussels-Capital Region.
Its official flag is identical to the Walloon Flag, which is also the official flag of the Walloons of Wallonia.

Walloon language

WalloonWaalswallon
Due to the fragmentation of the former Roman Empire, Vulgar Latin regionally developed along different lines and evolved into several langue d'oïl dialects, which in Wallonia became Picard, Walloon and Lorrain.
Walloon (natively walon) is a Romance language that is spoken in much of Wallonia in Belgium, in some villages of Northern France (near Givet) and in the northeast part of Wisconsin, US until the mid 20th century and in some parts of Canada.

Tournai

DoornikTournai, BelgiumFroyennes
This territory was enlarged in 1521-22 when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor gained the Tournai region from France.
Tournai (, ; (and Tornè) ; Tornacum), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, 85 km southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.

Picard language

PicardCh'tiPicard dialect
Due to the fragmentation of the former Roman Empire, Vulgar Latin regionally developed along different lines and evolved into several langue d'oïl dialects, which in Wallonia became Picard, Walloon and Lorrain.
Administratively, this area is divided between the French Hauts-de-France region and the Belgian Wallonia along the border between both countries due to its traditional core being the districts of Tournai and Mons (Walloon Picardy).

Old French

FrenchMedieval FrenchOF
Literary Latin, which was taught in schools, lost its hegemony during the 13th century and was replaced by Old French.
The place and area where Old French was spoken natively roughly extended to the northern half of the Kingdom of France and its vassals (including parts of the Angevin Empire, which during the 12th century remained under Anglo-Norman rule), and the duchies of Upper and Lower Lorraine to the east (corresponding to modern north-eastern France and Belgian Wallonia), but the influence of Old French was much wider, as it was carried to England and the Crusader states as the language of a feudal elite and of commerce.

Hauts-de-France

Northern FranceNord-Pas-de-Calais-PicardieNorthern
Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands (Limburg) in the north, France (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to the south and west, and Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate) and Luxembourg (Capellen, Clervaux, Esch-sur-Alzette, Redange and Wiltz) to the east.
It borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the North Sea to the north, the English Channel to the west, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the east-southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the west-southwest.

Grand Est

Grand-EstAlsace-Champagne-Ardenne-LorraineGrand Est Region
Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands (Limburg) in the north, France (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to the south and west, and Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate) and Luxembourg (Capellen, Clervaux, Esch-sur-Alzette, Redange and Wiltz) to the east.
Grand Est borders four countries—Belgium (Wallonia region) and Luxembourg (Cantons of Esch-sur-Alzette and Remich) on the north, Germany on the east and northeast, and Switzerland on the southeast.

Belgian general strike of 1960–61

1960-1961 Winter General Strike1960–61 Winter General Strike1960–1961 Winter General Strike
After World War II, major strikes included the general strike against Leopold III of Belgium (1950), and the 1960-1961 Winter General Strike for autonomy for Wallonia.
The general strike over the winter of 1960–61 (Grève générale de l'hiver 1960-1961), known popularly in Wallonia as the Strike of the Century (Grève du Siècle), was a major series of strikes in Belgium which began on 14 December 1960 and lasted approximately six weeks.

Mons

County of MonsMons, BelgiumMontes
Due to their long industrial historic record, several segments of the valley have received specific names: Borinage, around Mons, le Centre, around La Louvière, the Pays noir, around Charleroi and the Basse-Sambre, near Namur.
Mons (Bergen; Bergen; ; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.

North Rhine-Westphalia

Nordrhein-WestfalenNRWNorthrhine-Westphalia
Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands (Limburg) in the north, France (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to the south and west, and Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate) and Luxembourg (Capellen, Clervaux, Esch-sur-Alzette, Redange and Wiltz) to the east.
The state covers an area of 34,083 km2 and shares borders with Belgium (Wallonia) in the southwest and the Netherlands (Limburg, Gelderland and Overijssel) in the west and northwest.

Gaul

GallicGalliaGallia Comata
Julius Caesar conquered Gaul in 57 BC.
The name Gaul is derived from the Old Frankish *Walholant (via a Latinized form *Walula) literally "Land of the Foreigners/Romans", in which *Walho- is reflex of Proto-Germanic *walhaz, "foreigner, Romanized person", an exonym applied by Germanic speakers to Celts and Latin-speaking people indiscriminately, making it cognate with the names Wales, Cornwall, Wallonia, and Wallachia.

Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium

RegionRegionsCommunities
Wallonia (Wallonie ; Wallonien or Wallonie ; Wallonië ; Walonreye ; Wallounien ) is a region of Belgium.
French can be used for certain administrative purposes in a dozen particular "municipalities with language facilities" around the Brussels-Capital Region and at the border with the Walloon Region.

La Louvière

La LouviereHaine-Saint-PaulCentre region
Due to their long industrial historic record, several segments of the valley have received specific names: Borinage, around Mons, le Centre, around La Louvière, the Pays noir, around Charleroi and the Basse-Sambre, near Namur.
La Louvière (, El Lovire) is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut.

Borinage

Belgian mining districts
Due to their long industrial historic record, several segments of the valley have received specific names: Borinage, around Mons, le Centre, around La Louvière, the Pays noir, around Charleroi and the Basse-Sambre, near Namur.
The Borinage is an area in the Walloon province of Hainaut in Belgium.