Wang 2200

The Wang 2200 appeared in May 1973, and was Wang Laboratories' first minicomputer that could perform data processing in a common computer language.wikipedia
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Wang Laboratories

WangWang LabsWang 1200
The Wang 2200 appeared in May 1973, and was Wang Laboratories' first minicomputer that could perform data processing in a common computer language.
The most identifiable Wang minicomputer performing recognizable data processing was the Wang 2200 which appeared in May 1973.

HP 9800 series

HP 9830HP 9800High Performance Language
Unlike some other desktop computers, such as the HP 9830, it had a cathode ray tube (CRT) in a cabinet that also included an integrated computer-controlled cassette tape storage unit and keyboard.
For a short time in the late 1970s and early 1980s there was a class of similar desktop computers, such as the Tektronix 4051, IBM 5100 and Wang 2200 - before they were replaced in the marketplace by personal computers such as the Apple and IBM PC.

Desktop computer

desktopdesktopsdesktop computers
The 2200 evolved into a desktop computer and larger system to support up to 16 workstations and utilized commercial disk technologies that appeared in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The Wang 2200 of 1973 had a full-size cathode ray tube (CRT) and cassette tape storage.

Minicomputer

minicomputersmini-computermini
The Wang 2200 appeared in May 1973, and was Wang Laboratories' first minicomputer that could perform data processing in a common computer language.

Cathode-ray tube

cathode ray tubeCRTcathode ray tubes
Unlike some other desktop computers, such as the HP 9830, it had a cathode ray tube (CRT) in a cabinet that also included an integrated computer-controlled cassette tape storage unit and keyboard.

Cassette tape

cassetteCScompact cassette
Unlike some other desktop computers, such as the HP 9830, it had a cathode ray tube (CRT) in a cabinet that also included an integrated computer-controlled cassette tape storage unit and keyboard.

BASIC

BASIC programming languageGOSUBcompiled BASIC
Microcoded to run interpretive BASIC, about 65,000 systems were shipped in its lifetime and it found wide use in small and medium-size businesses worldwide.

Hawaii

State of HawaiiHawaiʻiHI
One such creative solution deployed dozens of 2200 systems and was developed in conjunction with Hawaii- and Hong Kong-based firm, Algorithms, Inc. It provided paging (beeper) services for much of the Hong Kong market in the early 1980s.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative RegionHong Kong, ChinaHongkong
One such creative solution deployed dozens of 2200 systems and was developed in conjunction with Hawaii- and Hong Kong-based firm, Algorithms, Inc. It provided paging (beeper) services for much of the Hong Kong market in the early 1980s.

Pager

pagerspagingbeeper
One such creative solution deployed dozens of 2200 systems and was developed in conjunction with Hawaii- and Hong Kong-based firm, Algorithms, Inc. It provided paging (beeper) services for much of the Hong Kong market in the early 1980s.

Gosplan

State Planning CommitteeState Planning CommissionChairman of the State Planning Committee
In the 1970s, Wang 2200 computers were extensively used by Gosplan and Goskomstat, the main Soviet planning and statistical agencies.

Russian Federal State Statistics Service

Federal State Statistics ServiceGoskomstatRosstat
In the 1970s, Wang 2200 computers were extensively used by Gosplan and Goskomstat, the main Soviet planning and statistical agencies.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
In the 1970s, Wang 2200 computers were extensively used by Gosplan and Goskomstat, the main Soviet planning and statistical agencies.

Backdoor (computing)

backdoorbackdoorsback door
The fear of backdoors in the Western hardware led to the reverse engineering of the original system and the development of the Iskra-226, a 100% binary-compatible clone.

Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls

CoComCoordinating CommitteeCOCOM sanctions
The development started in 1978, and the series production began in 1980, so the oft-cited reason of CoCom restriction in the wake of Afghan War (which started in 1980) appear to be baseless.

Soviet–Afghan War

Soviet invasion of AfghanistanSoviet invasionSoviet-Afghan War
The development started in 1978, and the series production began in 1980, so the oft-cited reason of CoCom restriction in the wake of Afghan War (which started in 1980) appear to be baseless.

RS-232

RS232RS-232Cserial
It was helped by the fact that Iskra, while 100% software compatible with the Wang's T-Basic code, had completely different internal structure and included many features that made it an excellent industrial controller, such as twin high-speed RS-232 interfaces, IEEE-488 equipment control interface, and CAMAC crate control circuitry.

IEEE-488

GPIBHP-IBIEEE 488
It was helped by the fact that Iskra, while 100% software compatible with the Wang's T-Basic code, had completely different internal structure and included many features that made it an excellent industrial controller, such as twin high-speed RS-232 interfaces, IEEE-488 equipment control interface, and CAMAC crate control circuitry.

Computer Automated Measurement and Control

CAMACComputer Automated Measurement and Control, or CAMAC
It was helped by the fact that Iskra, while 100% software compatible with the Wang's T-Basic code, had completely different internal structure and included many features that made it an excellent industrial controller, such as twin high-speed RS-232 interfaces, IEEE-488 equipment control interface, and CAMAC crate control circuitry.

Unix

UNIX operating systemAT&T UnixUnix-like
Later a somewhat simplified Unix port was created to run on this machine.

IBM Personal Computer

IBM PCPCIBM-PC
In 1973 APL was generally available only on mainframe computers, and most desktop sized microcomputers such as the Wang 2200 or HP 9800 offered only BASIC.

RETRIEVE

Wang Laboratories's RECALL on the Wang 2200 minicomputer was almost identical to RETRIEVE, to the point the differences were detailed in a single page.

An Wang

Wang AnAn and Lorraine Wang
The Wang 2200 was one of the first desktop computers with a large CRT display and ran a fast hardwired BASIC interpreter.

Personal computer

PCPCspersonal computers
In 1973, APL was generally available only on mainframe computers, and most desktop sized microcomputers such as the Wang 2200 or HP 9800 offered only BASIC.

History of personal computers

microcomputer revolutionpersonal computer revolutionof the personal computer
In 1973 APL was generally available only on mainframe computers, and most desktop sized microcomputers such as the Wang 2200 or HP 9800 offered only BASIC.