War and Peace

War & PeaceTolstoy's novelbookeponymous novelKrieg und Friedennovelnovel of the same namethat titlethe novelTolstoy novel
War and Peace (pre-reform Russian: Война и миръ; post-reform Война и мир ) is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy.wikipedia
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Leo Tolstoy

TolstoyLev TolstoyTolstoi
War and Peace (pre-reform Russian: Война и миръ; post-reform Война и мир ) is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy.
Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction.

Natasha Rostova

Countess Natalya Ilyinichna "Natasha" RostovaNatasha
Countess Natalya Ilyinichna "Natasha" Rostova: A central character, introduced as "not pretty but full of life", romantic, impulsive and highly strung. She is an accomplished singer and dancer.
Countess Natalya "Natasha" Ilyinichna Rostova (Наталья "Наташа" Ильинична Ростова, named Natasha Rostov in the Rosemary Edmonds version; born 1792, according to the book) is a central fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Andrei Nikolayevich Bolkonsky

Andrei BolkonskyPrince AndreiPrince Andrei Nikolayevich Bolkonsky
Prince Andrei Nikolayevich Bolkonsky: A strong but skeptical, thoughtful and philosophical aide-de-camp in the Napoleonic Wars.
Prince Andrei Nikolayevich Bolkonsky is a fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Sophia Tolstaya

Sofya TolstoySophiaS. A. Tolstaya
Tolstoy's wife, Sophia Tolstaya, copied as many as seven separate complete manuscripts before Tolstoy considered it again ready for publication.
Sophia acted as copyist of War and Peace, copying and editing the manuscript seven times from beginning to end at home at night by candlelight after the children and servants had gone to bed, using an inkwell pen and sometimes needing a magnifying glass to read her husband's notes.

Nikolai Rostov

Count Nikolai Ilyich "Nikolenka" Rostov
Count Nikolai Ilyich "Nikolenka" Rostov: A hussar, the beloved eldest son of the Rostov family.
Count Nikolai Ilyich Rostov (Николай Ильич Ростов, Nikolaj Il'ič Rostov) is a character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Sonya (War and Peace)

SonyaSofia Alexandrovna "Sonya" RostovaSofia Alexandrovna (Sonya) Rostova
Sofia Alexandrovna "Sonya" Rostova: Orphaned cousin of Vera, Nikolai, Natasha, and Petya Rostov and is in love with Nikolai.
Sofya Alexandrovna "Sonya" (Софья Александровна "Соня"; Sophie) is a character in Leo Tolstoy's 1869 novel War and Peace, and in Sergey Prokofiev's 1955 opera War and Peace and Dave Malloy's 2012 musical "Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812" based on it. She is the orphaned niece of Count and Countess Rostov.

Pierre Bezukhov

PierreCount Pyotr Kirillovich ("Pierre" Bezukhov)
Count Pyotr Kirillovich ("Pierre" Bezukhov): The central character and often a voice for Tolstoy's own beliefs or struggles. Pierre is the socially awkward illegitimate son of Count Kirill Vladimirovich Bezukhov, who has fathered dozens of illegitimate sons. Educated abroad, Pierre returns to Russia as a misfit. His unexpected inheritance of a large fortune makes him socially desirable.
Count (Graf) Pyotr "Pierre" Kirillovich Bezukhov (Пьер Безу́хов, Пётр Кири́ллович Безу́хов, or Pierre Bezuhov according to Rosemary Edmonds' translation) is a central fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Hélène Kuragina

Elena Sergeevna "Hélène" KuraginaHélène BezukhovaPrincess Elena Vasilyevna "Hélène" Kuragina
Princess Elena Vasilyevna "Hélène" Kuragina: A beautiful and sexually alluring woman who has many affairs, including (it is rumoured) with her brother Anatole.
Princess Yelena "Hélène" Vasilyevna Kuragina is a fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace and its various cinematic adaptations.

Maria Bolkonskaya

Princess Marya BolkonskayaMaria Nikolayevna BolkonskayaMarja Bolkonsky
Princess Maria Nikolayevna Bolkonskaya: Sister of Prince Andrei, Princess Maria is a pious woman whose father attempted to give her a good education. The caring, nurturing nature of her large eyes in her otherwise plain face is frequently mentioned.
Princess Maria (or Marya, in some translations) Nikolaevna Bolkonskaya (Марья Болконская, Mar'ia Bolkonskaia) is a fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Anatole Kuragin

AnatoleAnatolPrince Anatole Vasilyevich Kuragin
Prince Anatole Vasilyevich Kuragin: Hélène's brother, a handsome and amoral pleasure seeker who is secretly married yet tries to elope with Natasha Rostova.
Anatole Vasilyevich Kuragin is a fictional character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace, its various cinematic adaptations, and an operatic adaptation as well.

Petya Rostov

Pyotr Ilyich "Petya" Rostov
Pyotr Ilyich "Petya" Rostov: Youngest of the Rostov children.
Count Pyotr "Petya" Ilyich Rostov (1796–1812) is a character in Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

The Russian Messenger

Russkiy VestnikRusskii Vestnik
Portions of an earlier version, titled The Year 1805, were serialized in The Russian Messenger from 1865 to 1867.
War and Peace (1865–1869)

Novel

novelsmodern novelthe novel
War and Peace (pre-reform Russian: Война и миръ; post-reform Война и мир ) is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy.
The treatment of the subject of war changed with Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace (1868/69), where he questions the facts provided by historians.

Fire of Moscow (1812)

Fire of 1812Fire of Moscow1812 Fire of Moscow
When Napoleon's army finally occupies an abandoned and burning Moscow, Pierre takes off on a quixotic mission to assassinate Napoleon.
Tolstoy, in his novel War and Peace, suggests that the fire was not deliberately set, either by the Russians or the French, but was the natural result of placing a deserted and mostly wooden city in the hands of invading troops, when fires start nearly every day even with the owners present and a fully functioning police department, and that the soldiers will start fires–from smoking their pipes, cooking their food twice a day, and burning enemy's possessions in the streets.

Arthur Schopenhauer

SchopenhauerSchopenhauer, ArthurArthur Schopenhauer’s
During the writing of the second half, he read widely and acknowledged Schopenhauer as one of his main inspirations.
He said that what he has written in War and Peace is also said by Schopenhauer in The World as Will and Representation.

Mikhail Speransky

SperanskyCount Mikhail Mikhailovich SperanskyM. M. Speransky
Annekov thought the historical gallery of the novel was incomplete with the two "great raznotchintsys", Speransky and Arakcheev, and deplored the fact that the author stopped at introducing to the novel "this relatively rough but original element".
This daughter, Elizaveta Mikhailovna Speranskaya, was married to Alexander Frolov-Bagreyev, one of the first governors of the Chernigov Governorate of Ukraine in Chernihiv Both father and daughter were named as minor characters in Tolstoy's novel War and Peace.

Smolensk

historySmoleńskSmolensk Kremlin
Also described are the well-organized force of over four hundred thousand troops of the French Grande Armée (only one hundred and forty thousand of them actually French-speaking) that marches through the Russian countryside in the late summer and reaches the outskirts of the city of Smolensk.
During the hard-fought battle, described by Leo Tolstoy in War and Peace, Napoleon entered the city.

War and Peace (film series)

War and Peacefilm adaptationWar and Peace (Voyna i mir)
The critically acclaimed, four-part and 431-minutes long Soviet War and Peace (film series), by director Sergei Bondarchuk, released in 1966 and 1967. It starred Lyudmila Savelyeva (as Natasha Rostova) and Vyacheslav Tikhonov (as Andrei Bolkonsky). Bondarchuk himself played the character of Pierre Bezukhov. It involved thousands of extras and took six years to finish the shooting, as a result of which the actors age changed dramatically from scene to scene. It won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for its authenticity and massive scale. Bondarchuk's film is considered to be the best screen version of the novel. It attracted some controversy due to the number of horses killed during the making of the battle sequences and screenings were actively boycotted in several US cities by the ASPCA.
War and Peace (Война и мир, trans. Voyna i mir) is a 1966–67 Soviet war drama film written and directed by Sergei Bondarchuk and a film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's 1869 novel War and Peace.

War and Peace (1972 TV series)

War and PeaceWar & Peace1972-73 BBC miniseries
War and Peace (1972): The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) made a television serial based on the novel, broadcast in 1972–73. Anthony Hopkins played the lead role of Pierre. Other lead characters were played by Rupert Davies, Faith Brook, Morag Hood, Alan Dobie, Angela Down and Sylvester Morand. This version faithfully included many of Tolstoy's minor characters, including Platon Karataev (Harry Locke).
War and Peace is a television dramatisation of the Leo Tolstoy novel of War and Peace.

Battle of Schöngrabern

SchöngrabernHollabrunnbattle of 1805
At the Schöngrabern engagement, Nikolai Rostov, now an ensign in the Hussars, has his first taste of battle.
The battle is depicted in Leo Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace.

Mikhail Kutuzov

KutuzovField Marshal KutuzovGeneral Kutuzov
In addition several real-life historical characters (such as Napoleon and Prince Mikhail Kutuzov) play a prominent part in the book.
In his influential novel War and Peace, the elderly, sick Kutuzov plays a major role in the war sections.

History of Freemasonry in Russia

FreemasonFreemasonsMasonic lodge
Osip Bazdeyev: the Freemason who interests Pierre in his mysterious group, starting a lengthy subplot.
Leo Tolstoy describes some of the rituals in his novel War and Peace and mentions Fyodor Klyucharyov, a noted Masonic poet.

War and Peace (1956 film)

War and PeaceWar and Peace'' (1956 film)1956
The 208-minute-long American 1956 version was directed by King Vidor and starred Audrey Hepburn (Natasha), Henry Fonda (Pierre) and Mel Ferrer (Andrei). Audrey Hepburn was nominated for a BAFTA Award for best British actress and for a Golden Globe Award for best actress in a drama production.
War and Peace (Guerra e pace) is a 1956 American-Italian war drama film directed by King Vidor and written by Vidor, Bridget Boland, Mario Camerini, Ennio De Concini, Gian Gaspare Napolitano, Ivo Perilli, Mario Soldati, and Robert Westerby based on Leo Tolstoy's 1869 novel of the same name.

Russian nobility

dvoryanstvoRussian noblenobility
Dmitry Pisarev in his unfinished article "Russian Gentry of Old" (Staroye barstvo, Otechestvennye Zapiski, #2, 1868), while praising Tolstoy's realism in portraying members of high society, was still unhappy with the way the author, as he saw it, 'idealized' the old nobility, expressing "unconscious and quite natural tenderness towards" the Russian dvoryanstvo.
By 1805 the various ranks of the nobility had become confused, as is apparent in War and Peace. Here, we see counts who are wealthier and more important than princes.

Sergei Bondarchuk

Sergey BondarchukSerhiy BondarchukBondarchuk
The critically acclaimed, four-part and 431-minutes long Soviet War and Peace (film series), by director Sergei Bondarchuk, released in 1966 and 1967. It starred Lyudmila Savelyeva (as Natasha Rostova) and Vyacheslav Tikhonov (as Andrei Bolkonsky). Bondarchuk himself played the character of Pierre Bezukhov. It involved thousands of extras and took six years to finish the shooting, as a result of which the actors age changed dramatically from scene to scene. It won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for its authenticity and massive scale. Bondarchuk's film is considered to be the best screen version of the novel. It attracted some controversy due to the number of horses killed during the making of the battle sequences and screenings were actively boycotted in several US cities by the ASPCA.
Bondarchuk's western fame lies with his epic production of Tolstoy's War and Peace, which on original release totaled more than seven hours of cinema, took six years to complete and won Bondarchuk, who both directed and acted the role of Pierre Bezukhov, the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1968.