War of 1812

the War of 1812war1812American War of 1812Anglo-American WarAmerican warNiagaraWar against Great BritainWar of 1812-14war with the United States
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.wikipedia
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Battle of Queenston Heights

Queenston HeightsQueenstonQueenstown
American defeats at the Siege of Detroit and the Battle of Queenston Heights thwarted attempts to seize Upper Canada, improving British morale.
The Battle of Queenston Heights was the first major battle in the War of 1812.

Siege of Detroit

Detroitsurrender of Detroitsurrendered Detroit
American defeats at the Siege of Detroit and the Battle of Queenston Heights thwarted attempts to seize Upper Canada, improving British morale.
The Siege of Detroit, also known as the Surrender of Detroit or the Battle of Fort Detroit, was an early engagement in the British-U.S. War of 1812.

Battle of Lundy's Lane

Lundy's LaneNiagaraBattle of Niagara
A final American attempt to invade Canada was fought to a draw at the Battle of Lundy's Lane during the summer of 1814.
The Battle of Lundy's Lane (also known as the Battle of Niagara Falls) was a battle of the Anglo-American War of 1812, which took place on 25 July 1814, in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario.

Battle of the Thames

Thamesbattle of MoraviantownBattle of Moraviantown, Upper Canada
In 1813, the Americans won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake, and at the Battle of the Thames defeated Tecumseh's Confederacy, securing a primary war goal.
The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of 1812 against Great Britain and its Indian allies in Tecumseh's Confederacy.

Battle of Lake Erie

Lake ErieBattle of Put-in-BayBattle of Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie
In 1813, the Americans won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake, and at the Battle of the Thames defeated Tecumseh's Confederacy, securing a primary war goal.
The Battle of Lake Erie, sometimes called the Battle of Put-in-Bay, was fought on 10 September 1813, on Lake Erie off the coast of Ohio during the War of 1812.

Battle of Baltimore

Baltimoreattack on Baltimorebombardment of Fort McHenry
In 1814, one of these raids burned the capital, Washington, but the Americans later repulsed British attempts to invade New York and Maryland, ending invasions of the northern and mid-Atlantic United States from Canada.
The Battle of Baltimore was a sea/land battle fought between British invaders and American defenders in the War of 1812.

Battle of Plattsburgh

Battle of Lake ChamplainPlattsburghdefense of Plattsburgh
In 1814, one of these raids burned the capital, Washington, but the Americans later repulsed British attempts to invade New York and Maryland, ending invasions of the northern and mid-Atlantic United States from Canada.
The Battle of Plattsburgh, also known as the Battle of Lake Champlain, ended the final invasion of the northern states of the United States during the War of 1812.

Treaty of Ghent

peace treatytreatyGhent peace conference
Peace negotiations began in August 1814, and the Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24.
The Treaty of Ghent was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Battle of Pensacola (1814)

Battle of PensacolaPensacolacapture of Pensacola
In neighbouring Spanish Florida, a two-day battle for the city of Pensacola ended in Spanish surrender.
The Battle of Pensacola was a battle in the War of 1812 in which American forces fought against forces from the kingdoms of Britain and Spain, along with Creek Native Americans and African-American slaves allied with the British.

Burning of Washington

burned Washingtonattack on Washingtonburning of the White House
In 1814, one of these raids burned the capital, Washington, but the Americans later repulsed British attempts to invade New York and Maryland, ending invasions of the northern and mid-Atlantic United States from Canada.
The Burning of Washington was a British invasion of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.

Impressment

impressedpressedpress gang
To man the blockade, Britain impressed American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy.
The impressment of seamen from American ships caused serious tensions between Britain and the United States in the years leading up to the War of 1812.

Upper Canada

UpperUpper CanadianCanada West
American defeats at the Siege of Detroit and the Battle of Queenston Heights thwarted attempts to seize Upper Canada, improving British morale.
In 1812, war broke out between Great Britain and the United States, leading to several battles in Upper Canada.

James Madison

MadisonPresident MadisonPresident James Madison
On June 18, 1812, US President James Madison, after heavy pressure from the War Hawks in Congress, signed the American declaration of war into law.
After the failure of diplomatic protests and a trade embargo against the United Kingdom, he led the U.S. into the War of 1812.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The War of 1812 was a minor sideshow to the British, but the American army performed very poorly, and was unable to successfully attack Canada.

Era of Good Feelings

Era of Good Feelingreestablishment of normal diplomatic relationsthe period of the same name
These late victories were viewed by Americans as having restored national honour, leading to the collapse of anti-war sentiment and the beginning of the Era of Good Feelings, a period of national unity.
The Era of Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of 1812.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonicwar with FranceNapoleonic War
Historians in Britain often see it as a minor theater of the Napoleonic Wars; in the United States and Canada, it is seen as a war in its own right.
Attempts to disrupt the British blockade led to the United States declaring war on Britain, while grievances over control of Poland, and Russia's withdrawal from the Continental System, led to Napoleon invading Russia in June 1812.

Little Belt affair

Little Belt'' Affairvery different versions
Incidents such as the Chesapeake–Leopard affair, which happened five years before the war, inflamed anti-British sentiment in the US. In 1811, the British were in turn outraged by the Little Belt affair, in which 11 British sailors died.
The Little Belt Affair was one of many incidents and events that led to the War of 1812.

Canada

🇨🇦CanadianCAN
Historians in Britain often see it as a minor theater of the Napoleonic Wars; in the United States and Canada, it is seen as a war in its own right.
The Canadas were the main front in the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom.

Tecumseh's Confederacy

American Indian Confederacyconfederacyconfederation
In 1813, the Americans won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake, and at the Battle of the Thames defeated Tecumseh's Confederacy, securing a primary war goal.
Under Tecumseh's leadership, the confederation then went to war with the United States during Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812.

British North America

BritishNorth AmericaCanada
Historians debate whether the desire to annex some or all of British North America (Canada) contributed to the American decision to go to war.
After the War of 1812, the Treaty of 1818 established the 49th parallel as the United States–British North America border from Rupert's Land west to the Rocky Mountains.

Richard Mentor Johnson

Richard M. JohnsonRichard JohnsonJohnson
Congressman Richard Mentor Johnson told Congress that the constant Indian atrocities along the Wabash River in Indiana were enabled by supplies from Canada and were proof that "the war has already commenced. ... I shall never die contented until I see England's expulsion from North America and her territories incorporated into the United States."
At the outset of the War of 1812, Johnson was commissioned a colonel in the Kentucky Militia and commanded a regiment of mounted volunteers from 1812 to 1813.

Albert Gallatin

GallatinistGallatinA. A. Albert Gallatin
US Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin stated that 9,000 US sailors had been born in Great Britain or Ireland.
Gallatin retained much of Hamilton's financial system, though he also presided over a reduction in the national debt prior to the War of 1812.

War hawk

hawkishhawkhawks
On June 18, 1812, US President James Madison, after heavy pressure from the War Hawks in Congress, signed the American declaration of war into law.
The term "War Hawk" was coined by the prominent Virginia Congressman John Randolph of Roanoke, a staunch opponent of entry into the War of 1812.

Tecumseh

Shawnee chiefChief TecumsehTa-Kumsaw
Some warriors, who had left their nations of origin, followed Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Prophet and the brother of Tecumseh.
Tecumseh and his confederacy continued to fight the United States after forming an alliance with Great Britain in the War of 1812.

James Monroe

MonroePresident MonroePresident James Monroe
Even major figures such as Henry Clay and James Monroe expected to keep at least Upper Canada in the event of an easy conquest.
During the War of 1812, Monroe served in critical roles as Secretary of State and the secretary of war under President James Madison.