War on terror

War on TerrorismGlobal War on TerrorismGlobal War on Terrorthe war on terrorwar against terrorismwar against terrorOverseas Contingency OperationGWOTOverseas Contingency Operations Global War on Terrorism (2001–present)
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks.wikipedia
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Al-Qaeda

Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
The targets of the campaign are primarily Sunni Islamist fundamentalist armed groups located throughout the Muslim world, with the most prominent groups being Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, the Taliban, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, and the various franchise groups of the former two organizations.
The United States government responded to the September 11 attacks by launching the "War on Terror", which sought to undermine al-Qaeda and its allies.

Criticism of the War on Terror

Criticism of the War on TerrorismCriticisms of the War on Terrorismconcern
Criticism of the War on Terror focused on morality, efficiency, and economics; some, including later president Barack Obama, objected to the phrase itself as a misnomer. The Bush administration also stated the Iraq war was part of the War on Terror, a claim later questioned and contested.
Criticism of the War on Terror addresses the morals, ethics, efficiency, economics, as well as other issues surrounding the War on Terror.

George W. Bush

BushPresident BushPresident George W. Bush
U.S. president George W. Bush first used the term "war on terrorism" on 16 September 2001, and then "war on terror" a few days later in a formal speech to Congress.
In response to the September 11 terrorist attacks, Bush launched a "War on Terror" that initially included the war in Afghanistan in 2001 and the Iraq War in 2003.

World War III

Third World WarWorld War ThreeWorld War 3
Some have applied it loosely to refer to limited or smaller conflicts such as the Cold War or the War on Terror, while others assumed that such a conflict would surpass prior world wars both in its scope and in its destructive impact.

Richard Myers

Richard B. MyersGeneral Richard MyersGen. Richard B. Myers
The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced terms subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the international campaign led by the U.S. It was never used as a formal designation of U.S. operations in internal government documentation.
In this capacity, he served as the principal military advisor to the President, the Secretary of Defense, and the National Security Council during the earliest stages of the War on Terror, including planning and execution of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Global War on Terrorism Service Medal

Global War on Terrorism Service StreamerGlobal War on Terror Service MedalGlobal War on Terrorism Service
There was a medal issued in the name of terrorism, however, the "Global War on Terrorism Service Medal".
The medal recognizes those military service members who have supported operations to counter terrorism in the War on Terror from 11 September 2001, to a date yet to be determined.

Osama bin Laden

Bin LadenUsama bin LadenOsama
In May 2013, two years after the assassination of Osama bin Laden, Barack Obama delivered a speech that employed the term global war on terror put in quotation marks (as officially transcribed by the White House): "Now, make no mistake, our nation is still threatened by terrorists. ... But we have to recognize that the threat has shifted and evolved from the one that came to our shores on 9/11. ... From our use of drones to the detention of terrorist suspects, the decisions that we are making now will define the type of nation—and world—that we leave to our children. So America is at a crossroads. We must define the nature and scope of this struggle, or else it will define us. We have to be mindful of James Madison's warning that "No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare." ... In Afghanistan, we will complete our transition to Afghan responsibility for that country's security.
Bin Laden is most well known for his role in masterminding the September 11 attacks, which resulted in the deaths of nearly 3,000 and prompted the United States to initiate the War on Terror.

Mass surveillance in the United States

mass surveillancecollection of bulk metadatasurveillance
On 16 September 2001, at Camp David, U.S. president George W. Bush used the phrase war on terrorism in an ostensibly unscripted comment when answering a journalist's question about the impact of enhanced law enforcement authority given to the U.S. surveillance agencies on Americans' civil liberties: "This is a new kind of—a new kind of evil. And we understand. And the American people are beginning to understand. This crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while. And the American people must be patient. I'm going to be patient."
The act granted the President broad powers on the war against terror, including the power to bypass the FISA Court for surveillance orders in cases of national security.

Death of Osama bin Laden

Operation Neptune Spearkilling of Osama bin Ladenkilled
In May 2013, two years after the assassination of Osama bin Laden, Barack Obama delivered a speech that employed the term global war on terror put in quotation marks (as officially transcribed by the White House): "Now, make no mistake, our nation is still threatened by terrorists. ... But we have to recognize that the threat has shifted and evolved from the one that came to our shores on 9/11. ... From our use of drones to the detention of terrorist suspects, the decisions that we are making now will define the type of nation—and world—that we leave to our children. So America is at a crossroads. We must define the nature and scope of this struggle, or else it will define us. We have to be mindful of James Madison's warning that "No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare." ... In Afghanistan, we will complete our transition to Afghan responsibility for that country's security.

List of wars and battles involving al-Qaeda

These global operations
These global operations are intended to seek out and destroy any al-Qaeda fighters or affiliates.

2002 Bali bombings

2002 Bali bombingBali bombingsBali bombing
Bali bombings 2002• 4.
An audio-cassette purportedly carrying a recorded voice message from Osama bin Laden stated that the Bali bombings were in direct retaliation for support of the United States' War on Terror and Australia's role in the liberation of East Timor.

Iraq War and the War on Terror

stated the Iraq warUnited States occupation of Iraqwar
The Bush administration also stated the Iraq war was part of the War on Terror, a claim later questioned and contested.
President of the United States George W. Bush consistently referred to the Iraq War as "the central front in the War on Terror", and argued that if the U.S. pulled out of Iraq, "terrorists will follow us here."

War as metaphor

drug warmetaphor of warnon-military "wars
The naming of the campaign uses a metaphor of war to refer to a variety of actions that do not constitute a specific war as traditionally defined.

United States Navy

U.S. NavyUS NavyNavy
On 12 October 2000, the USS Cole bombing occurred near the port of Yemen, and 17 U.S. Navy sailors were killed.
The navy participated in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and is a major participant in the ongoing War on Terror, largely in this capacity.

Eliza Manningham-Buller

Baroness Manningham-BullerEliza Manningham-Buller, Baroness Manningham-BullerDame Eliza Manningham-Buller
This was explained more recently by Lady Eliza Manningham-Buller.
On 17 June 2003, at a conference at the Royal United Services Institute she gave her complete backing for the War on Terror and said that renegade scientists had given terror groups information needed to create chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) weapons.

2003 invasion of Iraq

invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
The Iraq War began in March 2003 with an air campaign, which was immediately followed by a U.S.-led ground invasion.
Shortly after 11 September 2001 (on 20 September), Bush addressed a joint session of Congress (simulcast live to the world), and announced his new "War on Terror".

Mujahideen

mujahidAfghan mujahideenmujahedin
In 1984, the Reagan administration, which had significantly expanded the CIA-run program of funding the Jihadi militants in Afghanistan, employed the term "war against terrorism" to pass legislation aimed at countering terrorist groups in the wake of the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing that killed 241 U.S. and 58 French peacekeepers. The United States, the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and the People's Republic of China supported the Islamist Afghan mujahideen guerillas against the military forces of the Soviet Union and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
The 1990s are a transitional period between the Mujahideen outfits forming part of the proxy wars between the Cold War superpowers and the emergence of contemporary jihadism in the wake of the US "War on Terror" and the "Arab Spring".

Pakistan Army

Pakistani ArmyArmyarmy general
In 2004, the Pakistan Army launched a campaign in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan's Waziristan region, sending in 80,000 troops.
Other notable military operations in the theater of War on Terror in the 21st century included: Zarb-e-Azb, Black Thunderstorm, and Rah-e-Nijat.

Pervez Musharraf

General Pervez MusharrafMusharrafPervez Musharaf
Following the 11 September 2001 attacks, former President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf sided with the U.S. against the Taliban government in Afghanistan after an ultimatum by then U.S. President George W. Bush.
During his presidency, he advocated for a third way for varying synthesis of conservatism and left-wing ideas, he appointed Shaukat Aziz in place of Sharif and directed policies against terrorism, becoming a key player in the American-led war on terror.

Combined Task Force 150

CTF-150CTF–150Task Force 150
It contains approximately 2,000 personnel including U.S. military and special operations forces (SOF) and coalition force members, Combined Task Force 150 (CTF-150).
Combined Task Force 150 (CTF-150) is a multinational coalition naval task force working under the 25-nation coalition of Combined Maritime Forces and is based in Bahrain established to monitor, board, inspect, and stop suspect shipping to pursue the "Global War on Terrorism" and in the Horn of Africa region (HOA) includes operations in the North Arabia Sea to support operations in the Indian Ocean.

State-sponsored terrorism

cross-border terrorismState sponsored terrorismstate sponsors of terrorism
Many consider that Pakistan has been playing both sides in the US "War on Terror".

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The United States, the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and the People's Republic of China supported the Islamist Afghan mujahideen guerillas against the military forces of the Soviet Union and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
It is also a major non-NATO ally of the United States in the war against terrorism—a status achieved in 2004.

Battle of Tora Bora

Tora BoraDalton Furyoverthrow
In December, Coalition forces (the U.S. and its allies) fought within that region.
CIA intelligence had indicated that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda leadership were trapped in the caves early in the battle, and Berntsen had wanted to send less than 1,000 American Army Rangers to eliminate them, which he believed would have ended the War on Terror very quickly.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Fifteen of the nineteen were citizens of Saudi Arabia, and the others were from the United Arab Emirates (2), Egypt, and Lebanon.
In 2007, Amnesty International released a report alleging that Egypt had become an international centre for torture, where other nations send suspects for interrogation, often as part of the War on Terror.

United States Special Operations Command

U.S. Special Operations CommandUSSOCOMSpecial Operations Command
In January 2002, the United States Special Operations Command, Pacific deployed to the Philippines to advise and assist the Armed Forces of the Philippines in combating Filipino Islamist groups.
Since its activation on 16 April 1987, U.S. Special Operations Command has participated in many operations, from the 1989 invasion of Panama to the ongoing Global War on Terrorism.