Wars of Alexander the Great
The Wars of Alexander the Great were a series of conquests that were carried out by Alexander III of Macedon from 336 BC to 323 BC. They began with battles against the Achaemenid Persian Empire, then under the rule of Darius III of Persia.- Wars of Alexander the Great
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The king (basileus) of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great.
However, his assassination by a royal bodyguard, Pausanias of Orestis, led to the immediate succession of his son Alexander, who would go on to invade the Achaemenid Empire in his father's stead.
Ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
During Alexander's subsequent campaign of conquest, he overthrew the Achaemenid Empire and conquered territory that stretched as far as the Indus River.
King of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon.
At the age of 20, he succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne upon the latter's assassination at the wedding of Cleopatra of Macedon in October 336 BC. Beginning shortly after his father's death, he spent most of his ruling years conducting a lengthy military campaign throughout Western Asia and Egypt, Central Asia, and South Asia.
The last Achaemenid King of Kings of Persia, reigning from 336 BC to his death in 330 BC.
This invasion, which marked the beginning of the Wars of Alexander the Great, was followed almost immediately by the victory of Alexander over the Persians at Battle of the Granicus.
The Hellenistic period spans the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire, as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
During a decade of campaigning, Alexander conquered the whole Persian Empire, overthrowing the Persian king Darius III.
Ancient region in Central Asia.
Bactria was the centre of Iranian resistance against the Macedonian invaders after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire in the 4th century BCE, but eventually fell to Alexander the Great.
The ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (c.
After invading Achaemenid Persia in 330 BC, Alexander the Great sent the main force of his army to Persepolis by the Royal Road.
Ancient Iranian civilization between the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, and in present-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
When the latter invaded the Persian Empire, Pharasmanes, an already independent king of Khwarezm, allied with the Macedonians and sent troops to Alexander in 329 BC for his war against the Scythians of the Black Sea region (even though this anticipated campaign never materialized).
Ancient Iranian empire that was based in Western Asia and founded by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC. It reached its greatest extent under Xerxes I, who conquered most of northern and central ancient Greece.
In 334 BC, when Darius was just succeeding in subduing Egypt again, Alexander and his battle-hardened troops invaded Asia Minor.
The siege of Tyre was orchestrated by Alexander the Great in 332 BC during his campaigns against the Persians.