Wartburg Festival

Wartburgfestcame together at Wartburg Castle to celebrateFestival of the Reformationgathering
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.wikipedia
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Wartburg

Wartburg Castlethe Wartburgcastle in Germany
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.
It was the home of St. Elisabeth of Hungary, the place where Martin Luther translated the New Testament of the Bible into German, the site of the Wartburg festival of 1817 and the supposed setting for the possibly legendary Sängerkrieg.

Eisenach

Eisenach, GermanyEisenach, Kreisfreie StadtGöringen
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.
In 1817, the Wartburg Festival took place in Eisenach, a meeting of students advocating moves towards a more liberal, constitutional state and a unification of Germany.

Flag of Germany

German flagBlack-Red-GoldNazi flag
Many of them had participated as voluntary soldiers on the fields against Napoleon, e.g. in the Lützow Free Corps, the black-red-gold colour scheme of which was adopted for the Flag of Germany.
The gold-red-black flag of the Jena Urburschenschaft featured prominently at this Wartburg festival.

Lützow Free Corps

Königlich Preußisches Freikorps von LützowLützow Freikorps(Lützow) Uhlanen Regiment
Many of them had participated as voluntary soldiers on the fields against Napoleon, e.g. in the Lützow Free Corps, the black-red-gold colour scheme of which was adopted for the Flag of Germany.
Inasmuch as many Lützow Free Corps veterans took part in the first Wartburg festival of 1817, demanding German unity and democratic reforms, the black-red-gold color scheme formed by the combination of black cloth, red trim, and brass buttons on their uniforms would later become associated with republican and nationalist (or Pan-German) ideals.

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachGrand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachHouse of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
At least, a constitution for the German state of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach including articles on freedom of speech, press and assembly was amended by Grand Duke Karl August in 1816.
Students of the University of Jena organized themselves as Germany's first fraternity, the Urburschenschaft and celebrated Wartburg Festival at the Wartburg in October 1817.

August von Kotzebue

KotzebueAugust KotzebueAugust Friedrich von Kotzebue
In 1817, one of Kotzebue's books was burned during the Wartburg festival.

Karl Ludwig von Haller

Hallervon Haller
This work, which was burnt during the Wartburg festival, opposed nationalism and the bureaucracy of extensive government (including democratic governments).

Hambach Festival

Hambacher FestgatheringsHambacher Schloss
In 1832, the Hambacher Fest was held in similar manner.
A corresponding flag was already carried along the procession to the Wartburg Festival in 1817.

Dietrich Georg von Kieser

Dietrich Georg KieserDietrich von Kieser
Jena professors such as Dietrich Georg von Kieser, Lorenz Oken, Heinrich Luden, and Jakob Friedrich Fries were also among the participants.
Kieser was politically active throughout his career; in October 1817 with philosophers Lorenz Oken and Jakob Friedrich Fries, he partook in the historic Wartburg Festival.

Heinrich Luden

Jena professors such as Dietrich Georg von Kieser, Lorenz Oken, Heinrich Luden, and Jakob Friedrich Fries were also among the participants.
In 1817, with certain other professors, including the medic Dietrich Georg von Kieser and the philosophers Lorenz Oken and Jakob Friedrich Fries he participated in the Wartburg festival.

Saul Ascher

At the book burning at the Wartburg festival on 18 October 1817, Ascher's writing "Die Germanomanie" ("The Germano Mania") was also burned.

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

JahnFriedrich JahnFriedrich-Ludwig-Jahn
After the end of the official festivities and referring to Martin Luther's burning of the papal bull Exsurge domine in 1520, followers of "Turnvater" Friedrich Ludwig Jahn arranged a book burning with the burning of mocked books symbolizing a number of reactionary literary works, and symbols of Napoleon's foreign rule like a corporal's cane.
Also, Jahn was "the guiding spirit" of the fanatic book burning episode carried out by revolutionary students at the Wartburg festival in 1817.

Ludwig Gotthard Kosegarten

KosegartenGotthard Ludwig KosegartenLudwig Theobul Kosegarten
Kosegarten's books were burned at the Wartburg festival on 18 October 1817.

August Friedrich Wilhelm Crome

Crome, August Friedrich WilhelmAugust Crome
On charges of treason Fatherland, among others by August von Kotzebue, even a death threat followed, and finally the burning on Crome's writings by radical nationalist students at the Wartburg Festival in 1817.

Protestantism in Germany

ProtestantGerman Protestantsdetails
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.

Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringen
The first Wartburg Festival (Wartburgfest) was a convention of about 500 Protestant German students, held on 18 October 1817 at the Wartburg castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.

Martin Luther

LutherLutheranLuther, Martin
The former refuge of reformator Martin Luther was considered a national symbol and the assembly a protest against reactionary politics and Kleinstaaterei.

National symbol

national symbolssymbolsNational river
The former refuge of reformator Martin Luther was considered a national symbol and the assembly a protest against reactionary politics and Kleinstaaterei.

Kleinstaaterei

KleinstaatenGerman states300 medieval feudal states
The former refuge of reformator Martin Luther was considered a national symbol and the assembly a protest against reactionary politics and Kleinstaaterei.

German Campaign of 1813

German campaignWars of LiberationBefreiungskriege
After the German "Wars of Liberation" against Napoleon and the French occupation, many people were bitter about dreams of German national unity shattered after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
After the German "Wars of Liberation" against Napoleon and the French occupation, many people were bitter about dreams of German national unity shattered after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrench
After the German "Wars of Liberation" against Napoleon and the French occupation, many people were bitter about dreams of German national unity shattered after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

Congress of Vienna

Vienna CongressTreaty of ViennaFinal Act of the Congress of Vienna
After the German "Wars of Liberation" against Napoleon and the French occupation, many people were bitter about dreams of German national unity shattered after the 1815 Congress of Vienna.

University of Jena

JenaJena UniversityFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
On 12 June 1815 several corporated students at the University of Jena founded the Urburschenschaft organization in order to encourage German unity at the university.