Water cannon

Water cannon used for crowd control in Jerusalem during the 2020 protests against Benjamin Netanyahu, with blue dye added to the stream
Water cannon during a German demonstration, 2001
First German Police water cannon
WaWe 10.000 - Dresden
WaWe 10.000 of Hamburg Riot Police
Specialised crowd management vehicle, the water cannon of Hong Kong Police Force was shooting with blue-dyed water during Hong Kong protests.
A miner using a hydraulic jet to mine for gold in California, from The Century Magazine January 1883
Polish Police's Anti-Riot Detachment, filming a gathering. The film could later be presented during a trial as evidence. A water cannon is seen in the background.
Croatian Police water cannon CVT-6000
German police water cannon WaWe 9000 content 9000 liter tank
French National Police water cannon
Water cannon of the French National Police deployed to prevent rioting following Nicolas Sarkozy's election, 6 May 2007
Demonstration against G8 meeting, 5/9/2007
A Dutch police water cannon.
Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department Kidotai (Riot Police) water cannon unit. Base car is a Mitsubishi Fuso Fighter.
Moscow OMON riot control water cannon police vehicle "Lavina-Uragan" on Ural-532362.
Internal troops ABS-40 "Lavina" riot control water cannon on BAZ-6953 chassis
Indonesian Police riot control water cannon vehicle.
Water cannon vehicle of Police of Panamá, friendly named "Pitufo" (Smurf).
ISBI armored riot truck with 11,500-liter water capacity being deployed by Colombian police

Device that shoots a high-velocity stream of water.

- Water cannon

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Specialized watercraft with pumps and nozzles designed for fighting shoreline and shipboard fires.

London Fire Brigade fireboat, River Thames, London
Toronto Fireboat WL Mackenzie
Onboard view of Fireboat John J. Harvey in Tauba Auerbach dazzle camouflage performing a water pumping demonstration in Oyster Bay, New York with artificial rainbow visible
Italian fireboat CLASS M
A fireboat of the fire department of Frankfurt, Germany
HKFS fireboat Excellence
San Francisco fireboat Phoenix
Deluge, retired fire fighting tug
Tokyo Fire Department's Ariake fireboat
The Edward M. Cotter of Buffalo, New York, considered the world's oldest active fireboat
Japan Coast Guard patrol boat with water cannons discharging

The 53 ft. (16.61 m.) long craft was equipped with a three-cylinder steam pump supplying two large hose reels; one of these was replaced with a monitor, or water cannon, in 1900.


Form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property, or people.

Teamsters, armed with pipes, riot in a clash with police in the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934 during the Great Depression.
Rioters wearing scarves to conceal their identity and filter tear gas
New York police attacking unemployed workers in Tompkins Square Park, 1874.
Student anarchist riot against the IMF
A Starbucks after anti austerity protests and riots in Barcelona
St. Augustine's Church on fire during the Philadelphia Nativist Riots in 1844
Law enforcement teams deployed to control riots often wear body armor and shields, and may use tear gas
Water cannon during a riot in Germany, 2001
The Brixton race riot in London, 1981
The aftermath of a Washington, D.C. riot in April 1968

Tactics and weapons used can include attack dogs, water cannons, plastic bullets, rubber bullets, pepper spray, flexible baton rounds, and snatch squads.

Riot control

Riot control measures are used by law enforcement, military, paramilitary or security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, unlawful demonstration or unlawful protest.

Rank of Icelandic National Police officers in full riot gear during the 2008 Icelandic lorry driver protests.
Indonesian Mobile Brigade Corps riot control personnel and equipment
GRM horse platoon and rioteers Paris - Place de la Concorde - 1934
The centre of the International Settlement of Shanghai, 1928.
Colombian Police armored riot control vehicle with water cannon ISBI
Polish riot police squad in the 1930s, with opaque riot shields and no helmet visors, as polycarbonate had not been invented yet
A German SEK operator in riot gear holding a Tac700 Pepperball Launcher
Gendarmes mobiles carrying gas masks and a grenade launcher for deploying tear gas canisters
Mounted riot police as crowd control during protests in Edinburgh
German police deploy an armoured riot control vehicle at a demonstration in Hamburg.
A New York City Police Department officer stands ready with a sonic weapon, the LRAD 500X
French gendarmes mobiles using tear gas
This gendarme is shooting tear gas canisters using an Alsetex "Cougar" launcher
U.S. Army troops are shown attempting to keep Vietnam War protesters from rioting in Washington, D.C., 1967.
Syrian riot control in Damascus in 2012
Polish riot control police in Warsaw at the March of Independence in 2011
Defensive line of "Berkut" unitmen in riot gear by the Cabinet of Ministers building in Kyiv during 2013 Euromaidan protests.
Riot control group of Rio de Janeiro Police in confrontation with protesters in the historical center of the city.
Italian Celerini in the 1950s.
Pellet shotguns have been used by Indian security forces for crowd control in Jammu and Kashmir against stone pelting mobs.
Intervention vehicle for social events that interfered with demonstrators in Gezi Park (Istanbul) in 2013

In some cases, riot squads may also use Long Range Acoustic Devices, water cannons, armoured fighting vehicles, aerial surveillance, police dogs or mounted police on horses.

Dakota Access Pipeline protests

The Dakota Access Pipeline Protests, also called by the hashtag #NoDAPL, began in early 2016 as a grassroots opposition to the construction of Energy Transfer Partners' Dakota Access Pipeline in the northern United States.

A Lakota man locks himself to construction equipment in protest
Sacred Stone Camp
Campsite location
Lake Oahe in winter
Seattle Stands with Standing Rock! - peaceful march and rally held in Seattle in September 2016. Indigenous drummers, activists from a number of Nations, and diverse supporters march in solidarity.
Dakota Access Pipeline protestors at March for a Clean Energy Revolution, Philadelphia, July 2016
Solidarity rally in Saint Paul, Minnesota, September 2016.
Standing Rock solidarity march in San Francisco, November 2016.
Native Nations Rise march in Washington D.C., March 2017.
ReZpect Our Water - logo of the water runners, youth who ran from Standing Rock to Washington DC to protest the Dakota Access Pipeline in the summer of 2016
Native Nations March in Washington, DC. 2017
Banner against the pipeline in a 2017 inauguration day protest in Minnesota
Trump signing the Presidential memorandum to advance the construction of the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines. January 24, 2017

In November 2016, police used water cannons on protesters in freezing weather, consequently drawing significant media attention.

2020–2021 Thai protests

In Thailand, protests began in early 2020 with demonstrations against the government of Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.

Resignation of Prayut Chan-o-cha, leader of the ruling government, is a main goal of the protests.
Vajiralongkorn (Rama X), King of Thailand; the reform of the monarchy is another goal of the protest.
Protests at Srinakharinwirot University Ongkharak Campus on 25 February. The crossed out number is the popular vote count of dissolved FFP
Seri Thoey group flew the LGBT flag during the protest on 25 July
The occupation of Sanam Luang by demonstrators on 19 September 2020.
The 15 October protest at the Ratchaprasong intersection.
Riot Police fire tear gas to anti-government protesters during Din Daeng Protests in August 2021
Protesters in Bangkok holding an LGBT pride flag
Protesters on 15 October at Ratchaprasong calling for reform and the release of their friends.

During this period saw the first crackdown by police on 16 October using water cannons.

Stuttgart 21

Railway and urban development project in Stuttgart, Germany.

Map of Stuttgart
21 project
Principal track layout of the future Stuttgart main railway station
Stuttgart airport and fair grounds. Both the existing and a new station are to be connected with the Stuttgart–Wendlingen high-speed line (red).
Construction site for the new underground station (April 2022)
More than 50,000 people demonstrated against Stuttgart 21 on 1 October 2010
Symbol of the protest against Stuttgart 21
Demolition works and protest demonstration at the north wing of Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof, 26 August 2010
Protest manifestations on the fence during demolition works
Stuttgart, 13. August 2010

On 30 September 2010, hundreds of demonstrators were injured when the police used water cannon, pepper spray and batons against protestors.

Stephen Greenhalgh, Baron Greenhalgh

British businessman and politician, and was the second Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime in London.

Greenhalgh in 2012

In February 2014, Greenhalgh publicly endorsed Johnson's proposal to equip the police with water cannon to be used in the event of a serious outbreak of public disorder.

TOMA (vehicle)

A 'Smart Panzer' TOMA built by Moğol Makina on a Mercedes-Benz truck chassis
TOMA in Taksim Square, Istanbul
TOMA in action during the Gezi Park protests
TOMA built by Katmerciler at IDEF 2015

The TOMA (Toplumsal Olaylara Müdahale Aracı, Intervention Vehicle against Social Incidents) is an armored water cannon designed for riot control by Turkish companies Katmerciler, Moğol Makina and Nurol Makina.

Dietrich Wagner

Map of Stuttgart
21 project

Dietrich Wagner is a retired engineer who suffered damage to his eyes during the 2010 Stuttgart 21 project protests due to the use of water cannons.

Wasserwerfer 10000

A Wasserwerfer 10000 in action with the Hamburg Bereitschaftspolizei
Wasserwerfer 10000 pictured on the left beside its predecessor, the Wasserwerfer 9000

The Wasserwerfer 10000 (WaWe 10, literally "Water Launcher 10000") is a water cannon used for riot control developed by Rosenbauer on the Mercedes-Benz Actros chassis for the Federal Police (Bundespolizei) and Bereitschaftspolizei in Germany.