Waterfall

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A waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.wikipedia
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Whirlpool

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A process known as "potholing" involves local erosion of a potentially deep hole in bedrock due to turbulent whirlpools spinning stones around on the bed, drilling it out.
Large cataracts, such as Niagara Falls, produce strong whirlpools.

Plunge pool

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These blocks of rock are then broken down into smaller boulders by attrition as they collide with each other, and they also erode the base of the waterfall by abrasion, creating a deep plunge pool in the gorge downstream.
A plunge pool (or plunge basin or waterfall lake) is a deep depression in a stream bed at the base of a waterfall or shut-in.

Niagara Falls

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Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls.
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.

Yosemite Valley

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The large waterfalls in Yosemite Valley are examples of this phenomenon, which is referred to as a hanging valley.
The valley is drained by the Merced River, and a multitude of streams and waterfalls flow into it, including Tenaya, Illilouette, Yosemite and Bridalveil Creeks.

Kaieteur Falls

Kaieteur
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Kaieteur Falls is the world's largest single drop waterfall by the volume of water flowing over it.

Rhine Falls

RheinfallRhine Fall
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
The Rhine Falls (Rheinfall, singular) is a waterfall located in Switzerland and the most powerful waterfall in Europe.

Khone Phapheng Falls

Khone FallsKhon Phapheng Fallsturbulent sections
Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls.
The Khone Falls and Pha Pheng Falls, (ល្បាក់ខោន - Lbak Khaon) is a waterfall located in Champasak Province on the Mekong River in southern Laos, near the border with Cambodia.

Gullfoss

Golden FallsGull-fossGullfoss waterfalls
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Gullfoss ("Golden Falls"; ) is a waterfall located in the canyon of the Hvítá river in southwest Iceland.

Angel Falls

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Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Angel Falls (Salto Ángel; Pemon language: Kerepakupai Meru meaning "waterfall of the deepest place", or Parakupá Vená, meaning "the fall from the highest point") is a waterfall in Venezuela.

Dettifoss

Dettifoss Waterfall
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Dettifoss is a waterfall in Vatnajökull National Park in Northeast Iceland, and is reputed to be the second most powerful waterfall in Europe after the Rhine Falls.

Yosemite Falls

Upper Yosemite FallUpper Yosemite FallsYosemite Fall
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Yosemite Falls is the highest waterfall in Yosemite National Park, dropping a total of 2425 ft from the top of the upper fall to the base of the lower fall.

Paulo Afonso Falls

Paulo Afonso
Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls.
Paulo Afonso Falls (Portuguese: Cachoeira de Paulo Afonso ) is a series of waterfalls on the São Francisco River in the north-east of Brazil adjacent to the city of Paulo Afonso.

Punch Bowl Falls

Punch Bowl Falls is a waterfall on Eagle Creek in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Oregon, United States.

Victoria Falls

Mosi-oa-TunyaMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria FallsBoiling Pot
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Victoria Falls (Lozi: Mosi-oa-Tunya, "The Smoke That Thunders") is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Sutherland Falls

Sutherland
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
Sutherland Falls is a waterfall near Milford Sound in New Zealand's South Island.

Thi Lo Su Waterfall

Umphang Thee Lor Sue WaterfallThee Lor Sue WaterfallThi Lo Su Falls
Classes of other well-known waterfalls include Victoria Falls and Kaieteur Falls (Class 9); Rhine Falls and Gullfoss (Class 8); Angel Falls and Dettifoss (Class 7); Yosemite Falls, Lower Yellowstone Falls, and Umphang Thee Lor Sue Waterfall (Class 6); and Sutherland Falls (Class 5).
The Thi Lo Su Waterfall (น้ำตกทีลอซู, ;, also spelt as Thee Lor Sue, The Lor Sue, Thee Lor Sue or Te-law-zue ; lit: Black Waterfall ) is claimed to be the largest and highest waterfall in Thailand.

Jog Falls

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It is a segmented waterfall which depends on rain and season becomes a plunge waterfall.

Ebor Falls

Ebor Falls is a tiered waterfall on the Guy Fawkes River, located near Ebor and about 37 km north-east of Wollomombi on Waterfall Way in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia.

Aysgarth Falls

Aysgarth Falls are a triple flight of waterfalls, surrounded by woodland and farmland, carved out by the River Ure over an almost one-mile stretch on its descent to mid-Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales of England, near the village of Aysgarth.

Numa Falls

Numa Falls is a waterfall of the Vermilion River located in Kootenay National Park, British Columbia, Canada.

Rock shelter

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Often, the rock stratum just below the more resistant shelf will be of a softer type, meaning that undercutting due to splashback will occur here to form a shallow cave-like formation known as a rock shelter under and behind the waterfall.
Many rock shelters are found under waterfalls.

Valley

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The large waterfalls in Yosemite Valley are examples of this phenomenon, which is referred to as a hanging valley.
The brooks flow into the river in form of deep canyons or waterfalls.

Cumberland Falls

Cumberland Falls, Kentucky
Cumberland Falls, sometimes called the Little Niagara, the Niagara of the South, or the Great Falls, is a waterfall on the Cumberland River in southeastern Kentucky.

Stream

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A waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.

Bridalveil Fall

Bridalveil FallsBridal Veil Falls
Bridalveil Fall is one of the most prominent waterfalls in the Yosemite Valley in California.