Watergate scandal

During the break-in, E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy remained in contact with each other and with the burglars by radio. These Chapstick tubes outfitted with tiny microphones were later discovered in Hunt's White House office safe.
Transistor radio used in the Watergate break-in
Walkie-talkie used in Watergate break-in
DNC filing cabinet from the Watergate office building, damaged by the burglars
Address book of Watergate burglar Bernard Barker, discovered in a room at the Watergate Hotel, June 18, 1972
Garage in Rosslyn where Woodward and Felt met. Also visible is the historical marker erected by the county to note its significance.
Minority counsel Fred Thompson, ranking member Howard Baker, and chair Sam Ervin of the Senate Watergate Committee in 1973
President Nixon explaining release of edited transcripts, April 29, 1974
House Judiciary Committee members and staff, 1974
Nixon's resignation letter, August 9, 1974. Pursuant to federal law, the letter was addressed to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. When Kissinger initialed the letter at 11:35 a.m., Ford officially became president.
Oliver F. Atkins' photo of Nixon leaving the White House shortly before his resignation became effective, August 9, 1974
Oliver F. Atkins' photo of Nixon leaving the White House on Marine One shortly before his resignation became effective, August 9, 1974
Pen used by President Gerald R. Ford to pardon Richard Nixon on September 8, 1974
One of a variety of anti-Ford buttons generated during the 1976 presidential election: it reads "Gerald ... Pardon me!" and depicts a thief cracking a safe labeled "Watergate".

Major political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon from 1972 to 1974 that led to Nixon's resignation.

- Watergate scandal

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United States Senate Watergate Committee

From left to right: minority counsel Fred Thompson, ranking member Howard Baker, and chair Sam Ervin of the Senate Watergate Committee in 1973.

The Senate Watergate Committee, known officially as the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, was a special committee established by the United States Senate,, in 1973, to investigate the Watergate scandal, with the power to investigate the break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and any subsequent cover-up of criminal activity, as well as "all other illegal, improper, or unethical conduct occurring during the controversial 1972 presidential election, including political espionage and campaign finance practices".

G. Gordon Liddy

Liddy c. 1964
The filing cabinet of the psychiatrist of Nixon administration "enemy" Daniel Ellsberg who leaked the Pentagon Papers, broken into by Liddy and others in 1971, on display in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History

George Gordon Battle Liddy (November 30, 1930 – March 30, 2021) was an American lawyer, FBI agent, talk show host, actor, and figure in the Watergate scandal as the chief operative in the White House Plumbers unit during the Nixon administration.

John N. Mitchell

The 67th Attorney General of the United States under President Richard Nixon and chairman of Nixon's 1968 and 1972 presidential campaigns.

Mitchell is sworn in as Attorney General of the United States, January 22, 1969. Chief Justice Earl Warren administers the oath while President Richard Nixon looks on.
Mitchell, Richard Nixon, J. Edgar Hoover and John Ehrlichman in May 1971
Former Attorney General Mitchell enters the Senate caucus room to testify before the Senate Watergate Committee, 1973
One of Mitchell's former residences (left) in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.

He was tried and convicted as a result of his involvement in the Watergate scandal.

John Dean

Former attorney who served as White House Counsel for United States President Richard Nixon from July 1970 until April 1973.

Dean at the Miami Book Fair 2014 during the presentation of his book The Nixon Defense
John Dean in 2008 at the annual conference of the Society of American Archivists.

Dean is known for his role in the cover-up of the Watergate scandal and his subsequent testimony to Congress as a witness.

Democratic National Committee

Governing body of the United States Democratic Party.

Chicago delegation to the January 8, 1912 Democratic National Committee
Debbie Wasserman Schultz served as DNC chair from 2011 to 2016.

In the 1970s, the DNC had its head office in the Watergate complex, which was burglarized by entities working for Richard Nixon's administration during the Watergate scandal.

Impeachment process against Richard Nixon

First day of the House Judiciary Committee's formal impeachment hearings against President Nixon, May 9, 1974
Demonstrators in Washington, D.C., demanding that Congress impeach President Nixon, following the "Saturday Night Massacre"
Secretary of State Kissinger, President Nixon, vice-presidential nominee Ford, and White House Chief of Staff Haig in the Oval Office, October 1973
Judiciary Committee Chairman Rodino (center-left) and Special Counsel Doar speaking with reporters, January 24, 1974
President Nixon just prior to announcing his intention to release edited transcripts of the subpoenaed White House tapes, April 29, 1974
Peter Rodino, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee
Members and staff of the House Judiciary Committee in 1974
The Judiciary Committee's impeachment hearings received intense press attention. Portions were broadcast live on television.
Representative Barbara Jordan (left) became nationally known for her eloquence during the Judiciary Committee's impeachment hearings.
Senators Scott and Goldwater and Representative Rhodes hold an informal press conference following their August7 meeting with the president
President Nixon and the first lady (in pink) leave the White House, accompanied by Vice President Ford and the second lady, August 9, 1974, shortly before Nixon's resignation became effective

The impeachment process against Richard Nixon began in the United States House of Representatives on October 30, 1973, following the series of high-level resignations and firings widely called the "Saturday Night Massacre" during the course of the Watergate scandal.


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Former PBS headquarters in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia

Immediately after public disclosure of the Watergate scandal, on May 17, 1973, the United States Senate Watergate Committee commenced proceedings; PBS broadcast the proceedings nationwide, with Robert MacNeil and Jim Lehrer as commentators.

John Ehrlichman

Counsel and Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs under President Richard Nixon.

"The Berlin Wall" of Ehrlichman and Haldeman on April 27, 1973, three days before they would be asked to resign.
Appearing on British TV discussion programme After Dark in 1987

Ehrlichman was a key figure in events leading to the Watergate break-in and the ensuing Watergate scandal, for which he was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury and served a year and a half in prison.

Nixon White House tapes

The Nixon White House tapes are audio recordings of conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and Nixon administration officials, Nixon family members, and White House staff, produced between 1971 and 1973.

Richard Nixon's Oval Office tape recorder
Rose Mary Woods attempting to demonstrate how she may have inadvertently created the gap
Nixon releasing the transcripts

The tapes' existence came to light during the Watergate scandal of 1973 and 1974, when the system was mentioned during the televised testimony of White House aide Alexander Butterfield before the U.S. Senate Watergate Committee.

Gerald Ford

American politician who served as the 38th president of the United States from 1974 to 1977, and was the only president never to have been elected to the office of president or vice president.

Official portrait, 1974
The Gunnery officers of USS Monterey (CVL-26), 1943. Ford is second from the right, in the front row.
A billboard for Ford's 1948 congressional campaign from Michigan's 5th district
The Warren Commission (Ford 4th from left) presents its report to President Johnson (1964)
Congressman Gerald Ford, MSFC director Wernher von Braun, Congressman George H. Mahon, and NASA Administrator James E. Webb visit the Marshall Space Flight Center for a briefing on the Saturn program, 1964.
Gerald and Betty Ford with the President and First Lady Pat Nixon after President Nixon nominated Ford to be vice president, October 13, 1973.
Gerald Ford is sworn in as president by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room, while Betty Ford looks on.
President Ford appears at a House Judiciary Subcommittee hearing in reference to his pardon of Richard Nixon
Ford meeting with his Cabinet, 1975
Ford and his golden retriever, Liberty, in the Oval Office, 1974
Cheney, Rumsfeld and Ford in the Oval Office, 1975
Ford meets with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev to sign a joint communiqué on the SALT treaty during the Vladivostok Summit, November 1974
Countries visited by Ford during his presidency
Ford with Anwar Sadat in Salzburg, 1975
Ford and his daughter Susan watch as Henry Kissinger (right) shakes hands with Mao Zedong, December 2, 1975
Indonesian President Suharto with Ford and Kissinger in Jakarta on December 6, 1975, one day before the Indonesian invasion of East Timor.
Reaction immediately after the second assassination attempt
John Paul Stevens, Ford's only Supreme Court appointment.
Governor Ronald Reagan congratulates President Ford after the president successfully wins the 1976 Republican nomination, while Bob Dole, Nancy Reagan, and Nelson Rockefeller look on.
Jimmy Carter and Ford in a presidential debate, September 23, 1976.
1976 electoral vote results
On July 16, 1980 (day 3 of the 1980 Republican National Convention) Gerald Ford consults with Bob Dole, Howard Baker and Bill Brock before making a decision to ultimately decline the offer to serve as Ronald Reagan's running mate
Ford joins President Bill Clinton and former presidents George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter on stage at the dedication of the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum at Texas A&M University, November 6, 1997
Ford at his 90th birthday with Laura Bush, President George W. Bush, and Betty Ford in the White House State Dining Room in 2003
Ford lying in state in the Capitol rotunda
The Fords on their wedding day, October 15, 1948
President George W. Bush with Ford and his wife Betty on April 23, 2006

In one of his most controversial acts, he granted a presidential pardon to Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.