Web browser

browserweb browsersinternet browserbrowsersweb browsingwebweb clientweb-browserbrowsingbrowser-based
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.wikipedia
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Application software

applicationapplicationssoftware application
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Examples of an application include a word processor, a spreadsheet, an accounting application, a web browser, an email client, a media player, a file viewer, an aeronautical flight simulator, a console game or a photo editor.

World Wide Web

WebWWWthe web
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
The resources of the WWW may be accessed by users by a software application called a web browser.

Web page

webpageweb pageswebpages
When a user requests a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the resulting web page on the user's device. Once a web page has been retrieved, the browser's rendering engine displays it on the user's device.
In order to graphically display a web page, a web browser is needed.

Website

web sitewebsitesonline
When a user requests a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the resulting web page on the user's device.
The user's application, often a web browser, renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal.

Web server

web serverswebserverHTTP server
When a user requests a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the resulting web page on the user's device.
A user agent, commonly a web browser or web crawler, initiates communication by making a request for a specific resource using HTTP and the server responds with the content of that resource or an error message if unable to do so.

Google Chrome

ChromeChrome browserGoogle Chrome Extensions
The three most popular browsers are Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.
Google Chrome is a cross-platform web browser developed by Google.

Firefox

Mozilla FirefoxFirefox browserSpread Firefox
The three most popular browsers are Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.
Mozilla Firefox, Firefox Browser, or simply Firefox, is a free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.

Safari (web browser)

SafariApple SafariSafari web browser
The three most popular browsers are Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.
Safari is a graphical web browser developed by Apple, based on the WebKit engine.

WorldWideWeb

webfirst Web browserNexus (web browser)
The first web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was created in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
WorldWideWeb (later renamed to Nexus to avoid confusion between the software and the World Wide Web) was the first web browser and editor.

Line Mode Browser

Line-mode browserwww
He then recruited Nicola Pellow to write the Line Mode Browser, which displayed web pages on dumb terminals; it was released in 1991.
The Line Mode Browser (also known as LMB, WWWLib, or just www ) is the second web browser ever created.

Mosaic (web browser)

MosaicNCSA MosaicMosaic web browser
1993 was a landmark year with the release of Mosaic, credited as "the world's first popular browser".
NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet.

Marc Andreessen

Marc Andreesen
Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team, soon started his own company, Netscape, which released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994.
He is the co-author of Mosaic, the first widely used web browser; co-founder of Netscape; and co-founder and general partner of Silicon Valley venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz.

Netscape Navigator

NavigatorNetscapeMosaic Netscape
Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team, soon started his own company, Netscape, which released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.

Usage share of web browsers

usage sharebrowser market sharemarket share
Navigator quickly became the most popular browser.
The usage share of web browsers is the proportion, often expressed as a percentage, of visitors to a group of web sites that use a particular web browser.

Internet Explorer

Microsoft Internet ExplorerIEMSIE
Microsoft debuted Internet Explorer in 1995, leading to a browser war with Netscape.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MS
Microsoft debuted Internet Explorer in 1995, leading to a browser war with Netscape.
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.

Netscape

Netscape Communications CorporationNetscape CommunicationsNetscape Communications Corp.
Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team, soon started his own company, Netscape, which released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994.
The internal codename for the company's browser was Mozilla, which stood for "Mosaic killer", as the company's goal was to displace NCSA Mosaic as the world's number one web browser.

HTML

Hypertext Markup LanguageHTML 3.2HTML 4
In terms of technology, browsers have greatly expanded their HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and multimedia capabilities since the 1990s.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.

Mozilla Foundation

MozillaMozilla Organizationmozilla.org
In 1998, desperate to remain competitive, Netscape launched what would become the Mozilla Foundation to create a new browser using the open source software model.
It owns a taxable subsidiary: the Mozilla Corporation, which employs many Mozilla developers and coordinates releases of the Mozilla Firefox web browser and Mozilla Thunderbird email client.

Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Tim Berners-LeeTim Berners LeeTimothy Berners-Lee
The first web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was created in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
He used similar ideas to those underlying the ENQUIRE system to create the World Wide Web, for which he designed and built the first Web browser.

JavaScript

Server-side JavaScriptclient-side JavaScriptJS
In terms of technology, browsers have greatly expanded their HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and multimedia capabilities since the 1990s.
The vast majority of websites use it, and major web browsers have a dedicated JavaScript engine to execute it.

Nicola Pellow

He then recruited Nicola Pellow to write the Line Mode Browser, which displayed web pages on dumb terminals; it was released in 1991.
Almost immediately after Berners-Lee completed the WorldWideWeb web browser for the NeXT platform, Pellow was tasked with creating a browser, after a quick lesson in C programming.

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCMS Windows
Microsoft was able to gain a dominant position for two reasons: it bundled Internet Explorer with its popular Microsoft Windows operating system and did so as freeware with no restrictions on usage.
The first OSR of Windows 95 was also the first version of Windows to be bundled with Microsoft's web browser, Internet Explorer.

Browser engine

layout enginerendering engineweb browser engine
Once a web page has been retrieved, the browser's rendering engine displays it on the user's device.
A browser engine (also known as a layout engine or rendering engine) is a core software component of every major web browser.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPHTTP requestGET
Virtually all URLs on the Web start with either or which means the browser will retrieve them with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol.
A web browser, for example, may be the client and an application running on a computer hosting a website may be the server.