A report on Web browser

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content
Nicola Pellow and Tim Berners-Lee in 1992
Marc Andreessen, lead developer of Mosaic and Navigator, in 2007

Application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

- Web browser
Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content

53 related topics with Alpha

Overall

The historic World Wide Web logo, designed by Robert Cailliau.

World Wide Web

19 links

Information system enabling documents and other web resources to be accessed over the Internet.

Information system enabling documents and other web resources to be accessed over the Internet.

The historic World Wide Web logo, designed by Robert Cailliau.
A web page displayed in a web browser
A global map of the Web Index for countries in 2014
This NeXT Computer was used by Sir Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
The World Wide Web functions as an application layer protocol that is run "on top of" (figuratively) the Internet, helping to make it more functional. The advent of the Mosaic web browser helped to make the web much more usable, to include the display of images and moving images (GIFs).
Graphic representation of a minute fraction of the WWW, demonstrating hyperlinks
A screenshot of a web page on Wikimedia Commons
Dynamic web page: example of server-side scripting (PHP and MySQL)
The usap.gov website
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge web server, a computer designed for rack mounting
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website; here, Dell servers are installed together to be used for the Wikimedia Foundation.
The results of a search for the term "lunar eclipse" in a web-based image search engine

Documents and downloadable media are made available to the network through web servers and can be accessed by programs such as web browsers.

Google Chrome running on Windows 11

Google Chrome

12 links

Google Chrome running on Windows 11
Google Chrome running on Windows 11
Google Chrome running on Windows 11
An early version of Chromium for Linux, explaining the difference between Chrome and Chromium
The results of the Acid3 test on Google Chrome 4.0
Google Chrome Incognito mode message
Screenshot of a Chrome browser crash
Google Chrome Canary application icon
Google Chrome running on an Android phone
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
Google Chrome running on an Android phone

Google Chrome is a cross-platform web browser developed by Google.

Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10

Internet Explorer

16 links

Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10
Internet Explorer 11 running on Windows 10
Internet Explorer 1
Logo for Internet Explorer 2
Logo for Internet Explorer 5
Page zoom as seen in IE9. The lowest allowed manual zoom level is 10%, and the highest 1000%.
The architecture of IE8. Previous versions had a similar architecture, except that both tabs and the UI were within the same process. Consequently, each browser window could have only one "tab process".
Internet Explorer compared to Firefox on the Acid3 HTML rendering test
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter
Historical market share of Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) was the series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft which was used in the Windows line of operating systems (in Windows 11, it is replaced by the Chromium version of Microsoft Edge).

Firefox 100 on Windows 11

Firefox

16 links

Firefox 100 on Windows 11
Firefox 100 on Windows 11
Screenshot of Phoenix 0.1 on Windows XP
The result of the Acid3 test on Firefox 17
Firefox 57 on macOS High Sierra
Firefox 96 on Arch Linux
Logo used for Iceweasel
Firefox mascot at the FISL16 (2015), Brazil
Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter.
Logo of "Phoenix" and "Firebird" before being renamed as Firefox
Firefox 0.8–0.10, from February 9, 2004 to November 8, 2004
Firefox 1.0–3.0, from November 9, 2004 to June 29, 2009
Firefox 3.5–22, from
Firefox 23–56, from August 6, 2013 to November 13, 2017<ref>{{cite web|last=Martell|first=Sean|title=(Re)building a simplified Firefox logo|url=http://blog.seanmartell.com/2013/06/27/rebuilding-a-simplified-firefox-logo/|work=Reticulating Splines|access-date=September 5, 2013|date=June 27, 2013|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130702182008/http://blog.seanmartell.com/2013/06/27/rebuilding-a-simplified-firefox-logo/|archive-date=July 2, 2013|url-status=live}}</ref>
Firefox 57–69, from November 14, 2017 to October 21, 2019
The 2011 Nightly logo, used to represent nightly builds of pre-alpha versions
The 2013 Nightly logo
The 2017 Nightly logo
The 2019 Nightly logo
The 2011 Aurora logo, used to represent an alpha release
The 2013 Aurora logo
The 2015 Developer Edition logo
The 2017 Developer Edition logo
The 2019 Developer Edition logo
Blue globe artwork, distributed with the source code, and is explicitly not protected as a trademark<ref>Mozilla Trademark Policy FAQ {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130407213521/http://www.mozilla.org/foundation/trademarks/faq.html|date=April 7, 2013 }}: "What are the Mozilla Trademarks and Logos?". Retrieved November 2, 2006</ref>
The logo for the Firefox brand of products and services, as of July 2019. It appears as if the fox was removed, but this is not the logo for the browser itself.

Mozilla Firefox, or simply Firefox, is an extensible free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation.

The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

Web page

9 links

Hypertext document on the World Wide Web.

Hypertext document on the World Wide Web.

The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

Web pages are delivered by a web server to the user and displayed in a web browser.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

10 links

Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

URL beginning with the HTTP scheme and the WWW domain name label
Tim Berners-Lee
An HTTP/1.1 request made using telnet. The request message, response header section, and response body are highlighted.

A web browser, for example, may be the client whereas a process, named web server, running on a computer hosting one or more websites may be the server.

Netscape

16 links

American independent computer services company with headquarters in Mountain View, California and then Dulles, Virginia.

American independent computer services company with headquarters in Mountain View, California and then Dulles, Virginia.

The original green and purple Mozilla mascot, a Godzilla-like lizard which represented the company's goal of producing the browser that would be the "Mosaic killer"
Netscape logo 2005–2007, still used in some portals
Netscape Communicator 4.61 for OS/2 Warp
Netscape Navigator 9.0

The internal codename for the company's browser was Mozilla, which stood for "Mosaic killer", as the company's goal was to displace NCSA Mosaic as the world's number one web browser.

PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static content only.

Web server

7 links

Computer software and underlying hardware that accepts requests via HTTP or its secure variant HTTPS.

Computer software and underlying hardware that accepts requests via HTTP or its secure variant HTTPS.

PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static content only.
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge server, a computer designed to be mounted in a rack mount environment. It is often used as a web server.
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website.
Web server farm with thousands of web servers used for super-high traffic websites.
ADSL modem running an embedded web server serving dynamic web pages used for modem configuration.
First web proposal (1989) evaluated as "vague but exciting..."
The world's first web server, a NeXT Computer workstation with Ethernet, 1990. The case label reads: "This machine is a server. DO NOT POWER IT DOWN!!"
Sun's Cobalt Qube 3 – a computer server appliance (2002, discontinued)
PC clients connected to a web server via Internet
PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static and dynamic content.
Directory listing dynamically generated by a web server.
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 2005–2021
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 1995–2005

A user agent, commonly a web browser or web crawler, initiates communication by making a request for a web page or other resource using HTTP, and the server responds with the content of that resource or an error message.

The usap.gov website

Website

8 links

Collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server.

Collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server.

The usap.gov website
The nasa.gov home page in 2015
Server-side programming language usage in 2016.

The app used on these devices is called a web browser.

Browser engine

8 links

A browser engine (also known as a layout engine or rendering engine) is a core software component of every major web browser.