A report on Web browserWorld Wide Web and Website

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content
The historic World Wide Web logo, designed by Robert Cailliau.
The usap.gov website
Nicola Pellow and Tim Berners-Lee in 1992
A web page displayed in a web browser
The nasa.gov home page in 2015
Marc Andreessen, lead developer of Mosaic and Navigator, in 2007
A global map of the Web Index for countries in 2014
Server-side programming language usage in 2016.
This NeXT Computer was used by Sir Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
The World Wide Web functions as an application layer protocol that is run "on top of" (figuratively) the Internet, helping to make it more functional. The advent of the Mosaic web browser helped to make the web much more usable, to include the display of images and moving images (GIFs).
Graphic representation of a minute fraction of the WWW, demonstrating hyperlinks
A screenshot of a web page on Wikimedia Commons
Dynamic web page: example of server-side scripting (PHP and MySQL)
The usap.gov website
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge web server, a computer designed for rack mounting
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website; here, Dell servers are installed together to be used for the Wikimedia Foundation.
The results of a search for the term "lunar eclipse" in a web-based image search engine

A web browser (also referred to as an Internet browser or simply a browser) is application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

- Web browser

When a user requests a web page from a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the page on the user's device.

- Web browser

Documents and downloadable media are made available to the network through web servers and can be accessed by programs such as web browsers.

- World Wide Web

All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web.

- Website

The app used on these devices is called a web browser.

- Website

Multiple web resources with a common theme and usually a common domain name make up a website.

- World Wide Web
Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content

5 related topics with Alpha

Overall

The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

Web page

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The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

A web page (or webpage) is a hypertext document on the World Wide Web.

Web pages are delivered by a web server to the user and displayed in a web browser.

A website consists of many web pages linked together under a common domain name.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

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Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

URL beginning with the HTTP scheme and the WWW domain name label
Tim Berners-Lee
An HTTP/1.1 request made using telnet. The request message, response header section, and response body are highlighted.

HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web, where hypertext documents include hyperlinks to other resources that the user can easily access, for example by a mouse click or by tapping the screen in a web browser.

A web browser, for example, may be the client whereas a process, named web server, running on a computer hosting one or more websites may be the server.

JavaScript

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JavaScript, often abbreviated JS, is a programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and CSS.

As of 2022, 98% of websites use JavaScript on the client side for webpage behavior, often incorporating third-party libraries.

All major web browsers have a dedicated JavaScript engine to execute the code on users' devices.

An example of a hyperlink as commonly seen in a web browser, with a mouse pointer hovering above it

Hyperlink

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Reference to data that the user can follow by clicking or tapping.

Reference to data that the user can follow by clicking or tapping.

An example of a hyperlink as commonly seen in a web browser, with a mouse pointer hovering above it
Several documents being connected by hyperlinks
How internal MediaWiki links work when one wants to create a link that displays words different from the linked page's title.
Douglas Engelbart and his team at SRI, 1969

The effect of following a hyperlink may vary with the hypertext system and may sometimes depend on the link itself; for instance, on the World Wide Web most hyperlinks cause the target document to replace the document being displayed, but some are marked to cause the target document to open in a new window (or, perhaps, in a new tab).

A web browser usually displays a hyperlink in some distinguishing way, e.g. in a different color, font or style, or with certain symbols following to visualize link target or document types.

Somewhat controversially, Vuestar Technologies has tried to enforce patents applied for by its owner, Ronald Neville Langford, around the world relating to search techniques using hyperlinked images to other websites or web pages.

HTTP cookies share their name with a popular baked treat.

HTTP cookie

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HTTP cookies share their name with a popular baked treat.
A possible interaction between a web browser and a web server holding a web page in which the server sends a cookie to the browser and the browser sends it back when requesting another page.
In this fictional example, an advertising company has placed banners in two websites. By hosting the banner images on its servers and using third-party cookies, the advertising company is able to track the browsing of users across these two sites.
A cookie can be stolen by another computer that is allowed reading from the network
Cross-site scripting: a cookie that should be only exchanged between a server and a client is sent to another party.

HTTP cookies (also called web cookies, Internet cookies, browser cookies, or simply cookies) are small blocks of data created by a web server while a user is browsing a website and placed on the user's computer or other device by the user's web browser.

Cookies serve useful and sometimes essential functions on the web.