A report on Web browser and WorldWideWeb

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content
WorldWideWeb, c. undefined 1994
Nicola Pellow and Tim Berners-Lee in 1992
WorldWideWeb, c. undefined 1994
Marc Andreessen, lead developer of Mosaic and Navigator, in 2007

WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion between the software and the World Wide Web) is the first web browser and web page editor.

- WorldWideWeb

The first web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was created in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

- Web browser
Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content

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The historic World Wide Web logo, designed by Robert Cailliau.

World Wide Web

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Information system enabling documents and other web resources to be accessed over the Internet.

Information system enabling documents and other web resources to be accessed over the Internet.

The historic World Wide Web logo, designed by Robert Cailliau.
A web page displayed in a web browser
A global map of the Web Index for countries in 2014
This NeXT Computer was used by Sir Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
The World Wide Web functions as an application layer protocol that is run "on top of" (figuratively) the Internet, helping to make it more functional. The advent of the Mosaic web browser helped to make the web much more usable, to include the display of images and moving images (GIFs).
Graphic representation of a minute fraction of the WWW, demonstrating hyperlinks
A screenshot of a web page on Wikimedia Commons
Dynamic web page: example of server-side scripting (PHP and MySQL)
The usap.gov website
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge web server, a computer designed for rack mounting
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website; here, Dell servers are installed together to be used for the Wikimedia Foundation.
The results of a search for the term "lunar eclipse" in a web-based image search engine

Documents and downloadable media are made available to the network through web servers and can be accessed by programs such as web browsers.

In 1990, he developed the foundations for the Web: HTTP, HTML, the WorldWideWeb browser, a server, and the first website in order to manage documentation.

Line Mode Browser displaying the German Wikipedia

Line Mode Browser

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Line Mode Browser displaying the German Wikipedia
Line Mode Browser displaying the German Wikipedia

The Line Mode Browser (also known as LMB, WWWLib, or just www ) is the second web browser ever created.

In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee had already written the first browser, WorldWideWeb (later renamed to Nexus), but that program only worked on the proprietary software of NeXT computers, which were in limited use.

NCSA Mosaic 2.7 for Unix

Mosaic (web browser)

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NCSA Mosaic 2.7 for Unix
Mosaic 1.0 running under System 7.1, displaying the Mosaic Communications Corporation (later Netscape) website.

NCSA Mosaic is a discontinued web browser, one of the first to be widely available.

It is often described as the first graphical web browser, though it was preceded by WorldWideWeb, the lesser-known Erwise, and ViolaWWW.

Berners-Lee in 2014

Tim Berners-Lee

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English computer scientist best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.

English computer scientist best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.

Berners-Lee in 2014
Berners-Lee, 2005
This NeXT Computer was used by Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first web server
Tim Berners-Lee at the Home Office, London, on 11 March 2010
Berners-Lee speaking at the launch of the World Wide Web Foundation
Berners-Lee's tweet, "This is for everyone", at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games in London
Tim Berners-Lee at the Science Museum for the Web@30 event, March 2019

He used similar ideas to those underlying the ENQUIRE system to create the World Wide Web, for which he designed and built the first web browser.

His software also functioned as an editor (called WorldWideWeb, running on the NeXTSTEP operating system), and the first Web server, CERN HTTPd (short for Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon).

Nicola Pellow with Tim Berners-Lee in their office at CERN in Switzerland, 1992

Nicola Pellow

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English mathematician and information scientist who was one of the nineteen members of the WWW Project at CERN working with Tim Berners-Lee.

English mathematician and information scientist who was one of the nineteen members of the WWW Project at CERN working with Tim Berners-Lee.

Nicola Pellow with Tim Berners-Lee in their office at CERN in Switzerland, 1992

Almost immediately after Berners-Lee completed the WorldWideWeb web browser for the NeXT platform Pellow was tasked with creating a browser using her recently acquired skills in the C programming language.