A report on Website and Web server

The usap.gov website
PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static content only.
The nasa.gov home page in 2015
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge server, a computer designed to be mounted in a rack mount environment. It is often used as a web server.
Server-side programming language usage in 2016.
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website.
Web server farm with thousands of web servers used for super-high traffic websites.
ADSL modem running an embedded web server serving dynamic web pages used for modem configuration.
First web proposal (1989) evaluated as "vague but exciting..."
The world's first web server, a NeXT Computer workstation with Ethernet, 1990. The case label reads: "This machine is a server. DO NOT POWER IT DOWN!!"
Sun's Cobalt Qube 3 – a computer server appliance (2002, discontinued)
PC clients connected to a web server via Internet
PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static and dynamic content.
Directory listing dynamically generated by a web server.
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 2005–2021
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 1995–2005

A website (also written as web site) is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server.

- Website

A high-traffic Internet website might handle requests with hundreds of servers that run on racks of high-speed computers.

- Web server
The usap.gov website

6 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content

Web browser

2 links

Application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

Application software for accessing the World Wide Web or a local website.

Traditional browser arrangement: UI features above page content
Nicola Pellow and Tim Berners-Lee in 1992
Marc Andreessen, lead developer of Mosaic and Navigator, in 2007

When a user requests a web page from a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the page on the user's device.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

2 links

Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

Application layer protocol in the Internet protocol suite model for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.

URL beginning with the HTTP scheme and the WWW domain name label
Tim Berners-Lee
An HTTP/1.1 request made using telnet. The request message, response header section, and response body are highlighted.

A web browser, for example, may be the client whereas a process, named web server, running on a computer hosting one or more websites may be the server.

Sample form. The form is enclosed in an HTML table for visual layout.

Form (HTML)

2 links

Sent to a server for processing.

Sent to a server for processing.

Sample form. The form is enclosed in an HTML table for visual layout.
Registration form of PHP-based e-commerce web-shop software ZenCart

Forms are usually combined with programs written in various programming language to allow developers to create dynamic web sites.

CGIs may be written in other languages than Perl (compatibility with multiple languages is a design goal of the CGI protocol) and there are other ways to make Perl scripts interoperate with a web server than using CGI (such as FastCGI, Plack or Apache's mod_perl).

The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

Web page

1 links

Hypertext document on the World Wide Web.

Hypertext document on the World Wide Web.

The home page of a website displayed in a web browser

Web pages are delivered by a web server to the user and displayed in a web browser.

A website consists of many web pages linked together under a common domain name.

PHP

1 links

General-purpose scripting language geared toward web development.

General-purpose scripting language geared toward web development.

This is an example of PHP code for the WordPress content management system.
The elePHPant, PHP mascot
A "Hello World" application in PHP 7.4 running on its built-in development server
Example output of the phpinfo function in PHP 7.1
A broad overview of the LAMP software bundle, displayed here together with Squid
Dynamic web page: example of server-side scripting (PHP and MySQL)

PHP code is usually processed on a web server by a PHP interpreter implemented as a module, a daemon or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable.

, PHP was used in more than 240 million websites (39% of those sampled) and was installed on 2.1 million web servers.

An SQL select statement and its result

Database

0 links

Organized collection of data stored and accessed electronically.

Organized collection of data stored and accessed electronically.

An SQL select statement and its result
Basic structure of navigational CODASYL database model
In the relational model, records are "linked" using virtual keys not stored in the database but defined as needed between the data contained in the records.
Collage of five types of database models
Traditional view of data

Examples include computerized library systems, flight reservation systems, computerized parts inventory systems, and many content management systems that store websites as collections of webpages in a database.

This evolved into a multitier architecture incorporating application servers and web servers with the end user interface via a web browser with the database only directly connected to the adjacent tier.