Weight loss

weight-losslose weightlosing weightOnline weight loss plansweight reductiondietingfat lossunintentional weight lossAbnormal weight lossantiadipose
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.wikipedia
531 Related Articles

Management of obesity

Maintaining a healthy weightmanage her obesitynutritional advice and exercise programmes
Weight loss is the main treatment for obesity, and there is substantial evidence this can prevent progression from prediabetes to diabetes type 2 with a 7-10% weight loss and manage cardiometabolic health for diabetic people with a 5-15% weight loss.
The main treatment for obesity consists of weight loss via dieting and physical exercise.

Exercise

physical exerciseexercisingphysical activity
According to the UK National Health Service this is best achieved by monitoring calories eaten and supplementing this with physical exercise.
It is performed for various reasons, to aid growth and improve strength, preventing aging, developing muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improving health and also for enjoyment.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
Weight loss can lead to a reduction in hypertension (high blood pressure), however whether this reduces hypertension-related harm is unclear.
Lifestyle changes include weight loss, physical exercise, decreased salt intake, reducing alcohol intake, and a healthy diet.

Diabetes

diabetes mellitusdiabeticdiabetics
Weight loss is the main treatment for obesity, and there is substantial evidence this can prevent progression from prediabetes to diabetes type 2 with a 7-10% weight loss and manage cardiometabolic health for diabetic people with a 5-15% weight loss.
The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are unintended weight loss, polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased hunger).

Adjustable gastric band

gastric bandlap bandlap-band
Two common bariatric surgical procedures are gastric bypass and gastric banding.
Adjustable gastric band surgery is an example of bariatric surgery designed for obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater—or between 35 and 40 in cases of patients with certain comorbidities that are known to improve with weight loss, such as sleep apnea, diabetes, osteoarthritis, GERD, hypertension (high blood pressure), or metabolic syndrome, among others.

Dieting

dietdietsdieters
There is evidence that counseling or exercise alone do not result in weight loss, whereas dieting alone results in meaningful long-term weight loss, and a combination of dieting and exercise provides the best results.
A restricted diet is more often pursued by those wanting to lose weight.

Adipose tissue

adiposebody fatfat
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
Techniques to manipulate the differentiation of "brown fat" could become a mechanism for weight loss therapy in the future, encouraging the growth of tissue with this specialized metabolism without inducing it in other organs.

Osteoarthritis

arthrosisdegenerative joint diseaseKnee osteoarthritis
It could reduce pain and increase movement in people with osteoarthritis of the knee.
For overweight people, weight loss may be an important factor.

Very-low-calorie diet

crash dietvery low calorie dietvery low calorie
Meals replacement, orlistat and very-low-calorie diet interventions also produce meaningful weight loss.
Medically supervised VLCDs have specific therapeutic applications for rapid weight loss, such as in morbid obesity or before a bariatric surgery, using formulated, nutritionally complete liquid meals containing 800 kilocalories or less per day for a maximum of 12 weeks.

Bariatric surgery

weight loss surgerybody contouringobesity surgery
Bariatric surgery may be indicated in cases of severe obesity.
Sleeve gastrectomy, or gastric sleeve, is a surgical weight-loss procedure in which the stomach is reduced to about 15% of its original size, by surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach, following the major curve.

Human body weight

body weightbody massweight
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.

Hypnosis

hypnotismhypnotisthypnotic
Virtual gastric band uses hypnosis to make the brain think the stomach is smaller than it really is and hence lower the amount of food ingested.
Self-hypnosis is popularly used to quit smoking, alleviate stress and anxiety, promote weight loss, and induce sleep hypnosis.

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s diseaseCrohn diseaseCrohn
Symptoms often include abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is severe), fever, and weight loss.

Appetite

appetite lossappetitiveappetitive behavior
Other methods of weight loss include use of drugs and supplements that decrease appetite, block fat absorption, or reduce stomach volume.
Recent reports on recombinant PYY 3-36 suggest that this agent may contribute to weight loss by suppressing appetite.

Inflammatory bowel disease

inflammatory bowel diseasesIBDindeterminate colitis
In spite of Crohn's and UC being very different diseases, both may present with any of the following symptoms: abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, severe internal cramps/muscle spasms in the region of the pelvis and weight loss.

Ulcerative colitis

colitis ulcerosaColitisinflammatory colitis
Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur.

Self-help

self-improvementself helpself-development
About 70 percent of Americans' dieting attempts are of a self-help nature.
By 2006, research firm Marketdata estimated the "self-improvement" market in the U.S. as worth more than $9 billion—including infomercials, mail-order catalogs, holistic institutes, books, audio cassettes, motivation-speaker seminars, the personal coaching market, weight-loss and stress-management programs.

Anti-obesity medication

diet pilldiet pillsanti-obesity drug
Anti-obesity medication or weight loss medications are pharmacological agents that reduce or control weight.

Cigarette smoking for weight loss

Cigarette smoking for weight loss is a weight control method whereby one consumes tobacco, often in the form of cigarettes, to decrease one's appetite.

Parasitic disease

parasitic infectionparasitic diseasesparasitosis
Some of the symptoms caused by several worm infestations can include itching affecting the anus or the vaginal area, abdominal pain, weight loss, increased appetite, bowel obstructions, diarrhea, and vomiting eventually leading to dehydration, sleeping problems, worms present in the vomit or stools, anemia, aching muscles or joints, general malaise, allergies, fatigue, and nervousness.

Diarrhea

diarrhoeadiarrheal diseaseschronic diarrhea
Poor nutrient utilization can lead to weight loss, and can be caused by fistulae in the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, drug-nutrient interaction, enzyme depletion and muscle atrophy.

Weight loss effects of water

main article
The weight loss effects of water have been little studied, but it is plausible that consuming water with meals may reduce total energy intake and aid weight loss, particularly if water is taken instead of calorific drinks.

Gastrointestinal disease

gastrointestinal disordersgastrointestinal disordergastrointestinal problem
Diseases of the small intestine may present with symptoms such as diarrhoea, malnutrition, fatigue and weight loss.