Weimar

Weimar, GermanyCounty of WeimarOberweimar Weimar, GermanyClassical Weimarcounts of WeimarR-7 Weimarthe cityWeimar, Kreisfreie Stadt
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.wikipedia
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Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringen
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.

Jena

Jena, GermanyCity of JenaFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 km southwest of Leipzig, 170 km north of Nuremberg and 170 km west of Dresden.
Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of about 110,000.

Erfurt

Erfurt, GermanyKühnhausenBindersleben
It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 km southwest of Leipzig, 170 km north of Nuremberg and 170 km west of Dresden.
Together with a string of neighbouring cities Gotha, Weimar, Jena and others, Erfurt forms the central metropolitan corridor of Thuringia called Thüringer Städtekette (German "Thuringian city chain") with over 500,000 inhabitants.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

GoetheJohann Wolfgang GoetheJohann von Goethe
The city was a focal point of the German Enlightenment and home of the leading personalities of the literary genre of Weimar Classicism, the writers Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller.
A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Karl August, in 1782 after taking up residence in Weimar in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774).

Weimar Classicism

German ClassicismClassicalclassic" period
The city was a focal point of the German Enlightenment and home of the leading personalities of the literary genre of Weimar Classicism, the writers Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller.
It was presumably named after the city of Weimar, Germany, because the leading authors of Weimar Classicism lived there.

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimar GermanyWeimar
However, the political history of 20th-century Weimar was inconsistent: it was the place where Germany's first democratic constitution was signed after the First World War, giving its name to the Weimar Republic period in German politics (1918–33), as well as one of the cities mythologized by the National Socialist propaganda.
The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place.

Bauhaus

Bauhaus schoolBauhaus DessauThe Bauhaus
In the 19th century, famous composers like Franz Liszt made Weimar a music centre and later, artists and architects like Henry van de Velde, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger and Walter Gropius came to the city and founded the Bauhaus movement, the most important German design school of the interwar period. The Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar was found by Henry van de Velde with the support of Grand Duke William Ernest in 1902 and represents the other root of the Bauhaus, known as "Das Neue Weimar" ("The New Weimar") around Harry Graf Kessler.
The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.

Bauhaus University, Weimar

Bauhaus UniversityBauhaus-Universität WeimarBauhaus University Weimar
Relevant institutions in Weimar are the Bauhaus University, the Liszt School of Music, the Duchess Anna Amalia Library and two leading courts of Thuringia (the Supreme Administrative Court and Constitutional Court).
The Bauhaus-Universität Weimar is a university located in Weimar, Germany, and specializes in the artistic and technical fields.

Duchess Anna Amalia Library

Herzogin Anna Amalia BibliothekAmalien-BibliothekAnna Amalia Library
Relevant institutions in Weimar are the Bauhaus University, the Liszt School of Music, the Duchess Anna Amalia Library and two leading courts of Thuringia (the Supreme Administrative Court and Constitutional Court).
The Duchess Anna Amalia Library (German: Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek) in Weimar, Germany, houses a major collection of German literature and historical documents and is part of the UNO designated Classical Weimar (World Heritage Site).

Hochschule für Musik Franz Liszt, Weimar

Hochschule für Musik "Franz Liszt", WeimarMusikhochschule WeimarHochschule für Musik "Franz Liszt
Relevant institutions in Weimar are the Bauhaus University, the Liszt School of Music, the Duchess Anna Amalia Library and two leading courts of Thuringia (the Supreme Administrative Court and Constitutional Court).
The University of Music FRANZ LISZT Weimar (in German: Hochschule für Musik Franz Liszt Weimar) is an institution of music in Weimar, Germany.

Friedrich Schiller

SchillerFriedrich von SchillerJohann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller
The city was a focal point of the German Enlightenment and home of the leading personalities of the literary genre of Weimar Classicism, the writers Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller.
He fled Stuttgart in 1782, going via Frankfurt, Mannheim, Leipzig, and Dresden to Weimar.

Weimar Constitution

constitutionGerman constitutiona new constitution
However, the political history of 20th-century Weimar was inconsistent: it was the place where Germany's first democratic constitution was signed after the First World War, giving its name to the Weimar Republic period in German politics (1918–33), as well as one of the cities mythologized by the National Socialist propaganda.
Following the end of World War I, a German National Assembly gathered in the town of Weimar, in the state of Thuringia, after the 19 January 1919 Federal elections, in order to write a constitution for the Reich.

Saxe-Weimar

Duchy of Saxe-WeimarDuke of Saxe-WeimarWeimar
The first Ernestine territorial partition in 1572 was followed by various ones, nevertheless Weimar stayed the capital of different Saxe-Weimar states.
The chief town and capital was Weimar.

Schloss Weimar

Schlosskirche'' in WeimarSchlossSchlosskirche
The biggest building constructed in this period was the Schloss as the residence of the dukes (north and east wing: 1789–1803, west wing 1832–1835, south wing: 1913–1914).
Schloss Weimar is a Schloss (palace) in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany.

Grand-Ducal Saxon Art School, Weimar

Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art SchoolWeimar Saxon Grand Ducal Art SchoolGrand-Ducal Saxon Art School
In 1860 the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School, the precursor of today's Bauhaus University, was founded.
The Grand-Ducal Saxon Art School, Weimar (German:Großherzoglich-Sächsische Kunstschule Weimar) was founded on 1 October 1860, in Weimar, Germany, by a decree of Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Franz Liszt

LisztFerenc LisztLisztian
In the 19th century, famous composers like Franz Liszt made Weimar a music centre and later, artists and architects like Henry van de Velde, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger and Walter Gropius came to the city and founded the Bauhaus movement, the most important German design school of the interwar period.
The following year, Liszt took up a long-standing invitation of Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia to settle at Weimar, where he had been appointed Kapellmeister Extraordinaire in 1842, remaining there until 1861.

Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Charles AugustusKarl AugustCharles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
The period from the start of the regencies of Anna Amalia (1758–1775) and her son Carl August (1775–1828) through to Goethe's death in 1832 is denoted as the "golden" or the "classical" age because of the high level of cultural activity in Weimar.
Born in Weimar, he was the eldest son of Ernst August II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach (Ernest Augustus II), and Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

William ErnestWilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachWilhelm Ernst
The Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar was found by Henry van de Velde with the support of Grand Duke William Ernest in 1902 and represents the other root of the Bauhaus, known as "Das Neue Weimar" ("The New Weimar") around Harry Graf Kessler.
He was born in Weimar, the eldest son of Karl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, heir to the Grand Duke, and his wife Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Elective Affinities

Die WahlverwandtschaftenElective AffinityLe affinità elettive
Goethe's Elective Affinities (1809) is set around the city of Weimar.
The book is situated around the city of Weimar.

Deutsches Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle Weimar

Staatskapelle WeimarDeutsches Nationaltheater WeimarNationaltheater Weimar
The calm and centrally-located Weimar had a suitable place of assembly (the theatre), hotels and infrastructure, so it was chosen as the capital.
The Deutsche Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle Weimar (DNT) is a German theatre and musical organisation based in Weimar.

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachGrand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachHouse of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
He served as Privy Councilor to the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach for an extended period.
The full grand ducal style was Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Meissen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Lord of Blankenhayn, Neustadt and Tautenburg.

Johann Sebastian Bach

BachJ.S. BachJ. S. Bach
Between 1708 and 1717 Johann Sebastian Bach worked as the court's organist in Weimar.
In January 1703, shortly after graduating from St. Michael's and being turned down for the post of organist at Sangerhausen, Bach was appointed court musician in the chapel of Duke Johann Ernst III in Weimar.

European Capital of Culture

European City of CultureCultural Capital of EuropeEuropean Capitals of Culture
In 1999, Weimar was the European Capital of Culture.

Weimar National Assembly

National AssemblyNationalversammlungConstituent Assembly
Berlin as the capital was considered too dangerous for the National Assembly to use as a meeting place, because of its street rioting after the 1918 German Revolution.
It convened in Weimar, Thuringia and is the reason for this period in German history becoming known as the Weimar Republic.

Henry van de Velde

Henri van de VeldeHenri Van de VeldesHenry van der Velde
In the 19th century, famous composers like Franz Liszt made Weimar a music centre and later, artists and architects like Henry van de Velde, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger and Walter Gropius came to the city and founded the Bauhaus movement, the most important German design school of the interwar period. The Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar was found by Henry van de Velde with the support of Grand Duke William Ernest in 1902 and represents the other root of the Bauhaus, known as "Das Neue Weimar" ("The New Weimar") around Harry Graf Kessler.
In 1899 he settled in Weimar, Germany, where in 1905 he established the Grand-Ducal School of Arts and Crafts, together with the Grand Duke of Weimar.