A report on Welfare

A family support centre in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey, which provides assistance to families with children.
Distributing alms to the poor, abbey of Port-Royal des Champs c. 1710.
An office of the Social Insurance Institution (KELA) in Seinäjoki, Finland
President Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, 14 August 1935.
Welfare in America
A chart showing the overall decline of average monthly welfare benefits (AFDC then TANF) per recipient 1962–2006 (in 2006 dollars).

Type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs such as food and shelter.

- Welfare
A family support centre in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey, which provides assistance to families with children.

44 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Leaflet promoting the National Insurance Act 1911.

Unemployment benefits

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Unemployment benefits, also called unemployment insurance, unemployment payment, unemployment compensation, or simply unemployment, are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed people.

Unemployment benefits, also called unemployment insurance, unemployment payment, unemployment compensation, or simply unemployment, are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed people.

Leaflet promoting the National Insurance Act 1911.
Unemployment rate by county from January 1990 – March 2017

Iceland not only sees high government involvement in providing social welfare and amenities as with the social-democratic model, but like the liberal-welfare model, it is also heavily reliant on free trade and markets.

Means test

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A means test is a determination of whether an individual or family is eligible for government assistance or welfare, based upon whether the individual or family possesses the means to do without that help.

Conditional cash transfer

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Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs aim to reduce poverty by making welfare programs conditional upon the receivers' actions.

Jobseeker's Allowance

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Unemployment benefit paid by the Government of the United Kingdom to people who are unemployed and actively seeking work.

Unemployment benefit paid by the Government of the United Kingdom to people who are unemployed and actively seeking work.

It is part of the social security benefits system and is intended to cover living expenses while the claimant is out of work.

Children of the Depression-era migrant workers, Arizona, United States, 1937

Poverty

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State of having few material possessions or little income.

State of having few material possessions or little income.

Children of the Depression-era migrant workers, Arizona, United States, 1937
Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient, a common measure of inequality. The Gini coefficient is equal to the area marked A divided by the sum of the areas marked A and B, that is,.
Global share of wealth by wealth group —Credit Suisse, 2021
Global share of wealth by wealth group —Credit Suisse, 2017
An early morning outside the Opera Tavern in Stockholm, with a gang of beggars waiting for delivery of the scraps from the previous day. Sweden, 1868.
Worlds regions by total wealth (in trillions USD), 2018
Life expectancy has been increasing and converging for most of the world. Sub-Saharan Africa has recently seen a decline, partly related to the AIDS epidemic. Graph shows the years 1950–2005.
A Somali boy receiving treatment for malnourishment at a health facility
A Venezuelan eating from garbage during the crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela
Street child in Bangladesh. Aiding relatives financially unable to but willing to take in orphans is found to be more effective by cost and welfare than orphanages.
Homeless family in Kolkata, India
Dilapidated alley and buildings at the lower town of Tallinn in May 1996
Affordable household toilets near Jaipur, Rajasthan
The urban poor buy water from water vendors for, on average, about 5 to 16 times the metered price.
Logo of the Sustainable Development Goal 1 of the United Nations, to "end poverty in all its forms, everywhere" by 2030
Spreading fertilizer on a field of Rapeseed near Barton-upon-Humber, England
Hardwood surgical tables are commonplace in rural Nigerian clinics.
Local citizens from the Jana bi Village wait their turn to gather goods from the Sons of Iraq (Abna al-Iraq) in a military operation conducted in Yusufiyah, Iraq.
A family planning placard in Ethiopia. It shows some negative effects of having too many children.
Map of countries and territories by fertility rate as of 2020
Afghan girl begging in Kabul
Information and communication technologies for development help to fight poverty.
A sewage treatment plant that uses solar energy, located at Santuari de Lluc monastery, Majorca
St. Francis of Assisi renounces his worldly goods in a painting attributed to Giotto di Bondone.
World population living in extreme poverty, 1990–2015
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population). Based on World Bank data ranging from 1998 to 2018.
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World map of countries by Human Development Index categories in increments of 0.050 (based on 2019 data, published in 2020).
The Gini coefficient, a measure of income inequality. Based on World Bank data ranging from 1992 to 2018.

A basic income (or negative income tax) is a system of social security, that periodically provides each citizen, rich or poor, with a sum of money that is sufficient to live on.

Transfer payment

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Redistribution of income and wealth by means of the government making a payment, without goods or services being received in return.

Redistribution of income and wealth by means of the government making a payment, without goods or services being received in return.

Examples of transfer payments include welfare, financial aid, social security, and government subsidies for certain businesses.

Social Security Expenditure and Inflation from 2013–2019 in the U.S

Social insurance

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Form of social welfare that provides insurance against economic risks.

Form of social welfare that provides insurance against economic risks.

Social Security Expenditure and Inflation from 2013–2019 in the U.S
Social Security Contributions in OECD countries.

In contrast to other forms of social assistance, individuals' claims are partly dependent on their contributions, which can be considered insurance premiums to create a common fund out of which the individuals are then paid benefits in the future.

No DSS. Advertisement for a house in Bungay, Suffolk. Some private landlords will not rent property to claimants.

Housing Benefit

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No DSS. Advertisement for a house in Bungay, Suffolk. Some private landlords will not rent property to claimants.

Housing Benefit is a means-tested social security benefit in the United Kingdom that is intended to help meet housing costs for rented accommodation.

A 1940 contribution card for an employed woman.

National Insurance

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Fundamental component of the welfare state in the United Kingdom.

Fundamental component of the welfare state in the United Kingdom.

A 1940 contribution card for an employed woman.
A British 1948 National Insurance stamp, once used to collect contributions to the scheme.

It acts as a form of social security, since payment of NI contributions establishes entitlement to certain state benefits for workers and their families.

Out-door relief: Poor people coming to a workhouse for food, c. 1840

Poor Law Amendment Act 1834

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Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Earl Grey.

Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Earl Grey.

Out-door relief: Poor people coming to a workhouse for food, c. 1840
A "Poor Law Bastille": 1835 model design of a workhouse to hold 300 paupers...
... 'classified' (men, women, girls, boys) and segregated accordingly
One of the "Somerset House Despots": Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis, Chairman of Poor Law Commission 1834–39

It completely replaced earlier legislation based on the Poor Law of 1601 and attempted to fundamentally change the poverty relief system in England and Wales (similar changes were made to the poor law for Scotland in 1845).