Welfare in New Zealand

Social welfare in New ZealandNew Zealand SuperannuationRetirement income policiesbeneficiaryFamily benefitNew Zealand welfare statesocial welfare systemwelfare state
Social welfare has long been an important part of New Zealand society and a significant political issue.wikipedia
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New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
A move to a partially pre-funded or "smoothed pay-as-you-go" system came with the establishing of the New Zealand Superannuation Fund under the aegis of Labour Minister of Finance Michael Cullen in 2001.
The new government quickly set about implementing a number of significant reforms, including a reorganisation of the social welfare system and the creation of the state housing scheme.

Social Security Act 1938

Social SecuritySocial Security Act of 1938Christmas bonuses
However, a regular unemployment benefit was not introduced until the passing of the Social Security Act in 1938; that benefit was "payable to a person 16 years of age and over who has been in New Zealand for at least 12 months and is unemployed, is capable of and willing to undertake suitable work, and has taken reasonable steps to secure employment".
*Welfare in New Zealand

Pension

pensionssuperannuationretirement plan
In 1898 the New Zealand government introduced a means-tested old-age pension for those 65 years and older.

Ministry of Social Development (New Zealand)

Ministry of Social DevelopmentDepartment of Social WelfareWork and Income
Social security benefits are administered by Work and Income.
*Social welfare in New Zealand

Occupational welfare

Together with fiscal welfare and occupational welfare, it makes up the social policy of New Zealand.

Social policy

social policiessocialsocial administration
Together with fiscal welfare and occupational welfare, it makes up the social policy of New Zealand.

Welfare

social welfarepublic assistancesocial assistance
Social welfare is mostly funded through general taxation.

Single parent

single mothersingle fathersingle mothers

George Forbes (New Zealand politician)

George ForbesForbesForbes, George
In 1930, while Prime Minister George Forbes was in London for the 1930 Imperial Conference, the United Government passed the Unemployment Act, promising relief payments to those who registered as unemployed.

1930 Imperial Conference

1930Imperial Conference7th Imperial Conference
In 1930, while Prime Minister George Forbes was in London for the 1930 Imperial Conference, the United Government passed the Unemployment Act, promising relief payments to those who registered as unemployed.

United Party (New Zealand)

United PartyUnited
In 1930, while Prime Minister George Forbes was in London for the 1930 Imperial Conference, the United Government passed the Unemployment Act, promising relief payments to those who registered as unemployed.

Great Depression

DepressionThe Great DepressionDepression era
When the register was opened in February, 23,000 people put their names down; by June the number of registered unemployed had risen to 51,000 as the Great Depression worsened.

Māori people

MāoriMaoriNew Zealand Māori
The register did not include women, Māori, or boys under 16.

Gordon Coates

CoatesJoseph Gordon CoatesCoates Ministry
In 1933 (by which time the number of unemployed had reached 80,000), MP Gordon Coates introduced the Small Farms (Relief of Unemployment) Bill to help turn unemployed workers into small farmers.

1935 New Zealand general election

19351935 election1935 general election
After winning the 1935 election the newly elected Labour government immediately issued a Christmas bonus to the unemployed.

Disability pension

disabilityDisability retirementinvalidity pension
Similar new measures will also apply to people on Sickness Benefit and Invalid's Benefit, and the Domestic Purposes Benefit.

The New Zealand Herald

New Zealand HeraldHerald on SundayNZ Herald
These new measures have been criticised by the DPA (formerly Disabled Persons Assembly) a spokesperson told the New Zealand Herald "Disabled people have been telling Social Welfare for years that we want to work, but we want the appropriate kind of work".

Child support

child maintenancesupportmaintenance
People receiving DPB – Sole Parent are encouraged to name the other partner and to seek child support payments.

David Benson-Pope

Benson-Pope, David
Then Minister for Social Development and Employment David Benson-Pope later stated that, when implemented, the reforms will move between 3,000 and 6,000 people off the Sickness Benefit.

Third Labour Government of New Zealand

Third Labour GovernmentLabour governmentThird Labour
The Third Labour government introduced a compulsory superannuation scheme in 1975, according to which employees and employers each contributed at least 4 per cent of gross earnings.

Robert Muldoon

Rob MuldoonMuldoonSir Robert Muldoon
Rob Muldoon's Third National government abolished the Labour scheme the following year, and in 1977 set up a universal (not means-tested) scheme called National Superannuation that paid 80% of the average wage to married people over 60.

Third National Government of New Zealand

Third National GovernmentNational GovernmentMuldoon government
Rob Muldoon's Third National government abolished the Labour scheme the following year, and in 1977 set up a universal (not means-tested) scheme called National Superannuation that paid 80% of the average wage to married people over 60.

New Zealand National Party

National PartyNationalThe National Party
A compulsory retirement savings scheme was designed as an outcome of the coalition agreement between the National Party and the New Zealand First Party following the 1996 general election.