Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

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Wenceslaus III (, Vencel, Wacław, Václav; 6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306) was King of Hungary between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia and Poland from 1305.wikipedia
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Charles I of Hungary

Charles ICharles RobertCharles I Robert
After Andrew III's death in early 1301, the majority of the Hungarian lords and prelates elected Wenceslaus king, although Pope Boniface VIII supported another claimant, Charles Robert, a member of the royal house of the Kingdom of Naples. The late king's rival, Charles of Anjou, who was Béla IV of Hungary's great-great-grandson, had regarded himself as the lawful king of Hungary for years.
Most Hungarian noblemen refused to yield to him and elected Wenceslaus of Bohemia king.

Władysław I the Elbow-high

Władysław ŁokietekWladyslaw LokietekWładysław I
A claimant to the Polish throne, Władysław the Elbow-high, who had started conquering Polish territories during the rule of Wenceslaus's father, captured Cracow in early 1306.
After a period in exile during the rule of Wenceslas II, Władysław regained some duchies after Wenceslas’ death, and then Krakow in 1306 after the murder of Wenceslas III.

Elizabeth of Töss

ElizabethElizabeth of HungaryBlessed Elizabeth of Hungary
Still a child, Wenceslaus was betrothed to Elizabeth, the sole daughter of Andrew III of Hungary.
On 12 February 1298, Elizabeth was betrothed to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, the son and heir apparent of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.

List of Bohemian monarchs

King of BohemiaDuke of BohemiaBohemia
Wenceslaus III (, Vencel, Wacław, Václav; 6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306) was King of Hungary between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia and Poland from 1305.

Otto III, Duke of Bavaria

Otto of BavariaOttoOtto III
He abandoned his claim to Hungary in favor of Otto III of Bavaria on 9 October.
In August 1305, his opponent, Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, who had inherited Bohemia from his father, renounced his claim to Hungary on behalf of Otto III.

Ivan Kőszegi

IvanIvan '''KőszegiIván Kőszegi
The latter withdrew to the southern territories of Hungary after Ivan Kőszegi, who was a partisan of Wenceslaus-Ladislaus, captured Esztergom in late August 1301.
After the extinction of the Árpád dynasty in 1301, he betrayed the House of Anjou too and played an important role in the subsequent succession war as the partisan of Wenceslaus, then Otto.

Gregory Bicskei

On hearing Andrew III's death, Charles of Anjou hurried to Esztergom where Gregory Bicskei, Archbishop-elect of Esztergom, crowned him king.
He escorted King Andrew and Queen Agnes alongside other dignitaries to Austria on 12 February, where Andrew's only child Elizabeth of Töss was betrothed to Wenceslaus, the son and heir apparent of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.

Judith of Habsburg

JudithJudith, Queen of Bohemia
He was the son of Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia, who was later also crowned king of Poland, and Judith of Habsburg.

Andrew III of Hungary

Andrew IIIAndrew the VenetianAndrew
Still a child, Wenceslaus was betrothed to Elizabeth, the sole daughter of Andrew III of Hungary.
A civil war between various claimants to the throne—Charles Robert, Wenceslaus of Bohemia, and Otto of Bavaria—followed Andrew's death and lasted for seven years.

John Hont-Pázmány

Wenceslaus II accompanied his son to Székesfehérvár where John Hont-Pázmány, Archbishop of Kalocsa, crowned the young Wenceslaus king with the Holy Crown on 27 August.
He crowned Wenceslaus, one of the pretenders to Hungary, king in 1301.

Matthew III Csák

Matthew CsákMáté Csák IIIMatthew III
Matthew Csák received Nyitra and Trencsén Counties, along with the royal castles and the estates attached to them, in February 1302.
Following the death of King Andrew III, he became the Neapolitan prince's follower, but shortly afterwards, he joined the party that offered the crown to Wenceslaus, the son of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.

Viola of Teschen

Viola Elisabeth of CieszynViola ElisabethViola of Cieszyn
In the same months, Wenceslaus, who had meanwhile broken his engagement to Elizabeth of Hungary, married Viola of Teschen upon the Bohemian lords' advice.
1291 – 21 September 1317), was Queen of Bohemia and Poland by marriage to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia.

Béla IV of Hungary

Béla IVBélaBela IV of Hungary
The late king's rival, Charles of Anjou, who was Béla IV of Hungary's great-great-grandson, had regarded himself as the lawful king of Hungary for years.
Her great-grandson, Wenceslaus—a grandson of her daughter, Kunigunda by King Ottokar II of Bohemia—was King of Hungary from 1301 to 1305.

Buda heresy

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In response, a local priest excommunicated the pope and all Hungarian prelates.
They decided to offer the crown to the young Wenceslaus, the son of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.

Olomouc

OlmützOlmutzOlomouc, Czech Republic
However, Wenceslaus could not invade Poland, because he was stabbed in Olomouc on 4 August 1306.
In 1306 King Wenceslas III stopped here on his way to Poland.

Rudolf I of Bohemia

Rudolph III of AustriaRudolph IIIRudolph I of Bohemia
Charles of Anjou and Rudolf III of Austria invaded Moravia in September, but did not defeat Wenceslaus II's army.
Rudolf accompanied his father on his 1304 expedition against King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, who had placed his son Wenceslaus III on the Hungarian throne after the Árpád dynasty died out in 1301 with the death of King Andrew III.

Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
He was the last of the male Přemyslid rulers of Bohemia.
The dynasty began to collapse following the untimely death of Wenceslaus II (1305), and the assassination of his only son, Wenceslaus III in 1306, which ended their rule.

Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Kingdom
Wenceslaus II's son Wenceslaus III was crowned King of Hungary a year later.

Henry of Bohemia

Henry of CarinthiaHenryHenry VI
After deciding to invade Poland, Wenceslaus dismissed his young favorites and made his brother-in-law, Henry of Carinthia, governor.
However tensions with the House of Habsburg arose, when in 1306 Duke Henry married the Přemyslid princess Anne, the elder sister of King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia.

Wenceslaus II of Bohemia

Wenceslaus IIWenceslas IIKing Wenceslas II
He was the son of Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia, who was later also crowned king of Poland, and Judith of Habsburg.
He was succeeded by his son, Wenceslaus III (Václav III.), the last of the Přemyslid kings in the male line.

History of Poland during the Piast dynasty

Polishfragmentation of PolandPoland
* History of Poland during the Piast dynasty
Supported by his ally Charles I of Hungary, Władysław returned from exile and challenged Václav II and his successor Václav III in the period 1304–1306.

King of Hungary

Kings of HungaryKingQueen of Hungary
Wenceslaus III (, Vencel, Wacław, Václav; 6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306) was King of Hungary between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia and Poland from 1305.

List of Polish monarchs

King of PolandDuchy of PolandPolish king
Wenceslaus III (, Vencel, Wacław, Václav; 6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306) was King of Hungary between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia and Poland from 1305.

Engagement

fiancéefiancéengaged
Still a child, Wenceslaus was betrothed to Elizabeth, the sole daughter of Andrew III of Hungary.