Wernher von Braun

von BraunDr. Wernher von BraunDr. von BraunWerner Von BraunBraun, Wernher Magnus Maximilian vonBraun, Wernher vonconstant interferenceMaria Luise von Quistorpvon Braun, WernherWarner Von Braun
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect.wikipedia
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V-2 rocket

V-2V2V2 rocket
He helped design and develop the V-2 rocket at Peenemünde during World War II. They also developed the long-range A-4 ballistic missile and the supersonic Wasserfall anti-aircraft missile.
Research into military use of long-range rockets began when the studies of graduate student Wernher von Braun attracted the attention of the German Army.

Saturn V

Saturn V rocketSaturnVSaturn
In 1960, his group was assimilated into NASA, where he served as director of the newly formed Marshall Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V super heavy-lift launch vehicle that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.
The largest production model of the Saturn family of rockets, the Saturn V was designed under the direction of Wernher von Braun at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, with Boeing, North American Aviation, Douglas Aircraft Company, and IBM as the lead contractors.

Marshall Space Flight Center

George C. Marshall Space Flight CenterMSFCMarshall Spaceflight Center
In 1960, his group was assimilated into NASA, where he served as director of the newly formed Marshall Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V super heavy-lift launch vehicle that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.
In August 1945, 127 missile specialists led by Wernher von Braun signed work contracts with the U.S. Army's Ordnance Corps.

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA Advisory CouncilU.S. space program
In 1960, his group was assimilated into NASA, where he served as director of the newly formed Marshall Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V super heavy-lift launch vehicle that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.
A significant contributor to NASA's entry into the Space Race with the Soviet Union was the technology from the German rocket program led by Wernher von Braun, who was now working for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), which in turn incorporated the technology of American scientist Robert Goddard's earlier works.

Magnus von Braun

V-2 rocket scientists
Wernher had an older brother, the West German diplomat Sigismund von Braun, who served as Secretary of State in the Foreign Office in the 1970s, and a younger brother, also named Magnus von Braun, who was a rocket scientist and later a senior executive with Chrysler.
He was the brother of Sigismund and Wernher von Braun.

Sigismund von Braun

SigismundSigismund Freiherr von Braun
Wernher had an older brother, the West German diplomat Sigismund von Braun, who served as Secretary of State in the Foreign Office in the 1970s, and a younger brother, also named Magnus von Braun, who was a rocket scientist and later a senior executive with Chrysler.
His brothers were rocket scientists Wernher von Braun and Magnus von Braun, and he was the father of politician Carola von Braun and cultural theorist Christina von Braun.

Aggregat (rocket family)

A-4A2Aggregat
Von Braun used Goddard's plans from various journals and incorporated them into the building of the Aggregat (A) series of rockets.
It was designed in 1933 by Wernher von Braun in a German armed forces research program at Kummersdorf headed by Walter Dornberger.

Human mission to Mars

manned mission to Marshuman missionhuman missions to Mars
He advocated for a human mission to Mars.
Wernher von Braun was the first person to make a detailed technical study of a Mars mission.

I Aim at the Stars

That line appears in the film I Aim at the Stars, a 1960 biopic of von Braun.
I Aim at the Stars is a 1960 biographical film which tells the story of the life of Wernher von Braun.

Kummersdorf

a fieldExperimental command KummersdorfKummersdorf-West
An artillery captain, Walter Dornberger, arranged an Ordnance Department research grant for von Braun, who then worked next to Dornberger's existing solid-fuel rocket test site at Kummersdorf.
Wernher von Braun was at Kummersdorf from 1932 and developed a liquid fuel rocket in which the propellant was a high percentage of alcohol and liquid oxygen.

Ballistic missile

ballistic missilesthrow-weightballistic
They also developed the long-range A-4 ballistic missile and the supersonic Wasserfall anti-aircraft missile.
A modern pioneer ballistic missile was the A-4, commonly known as the V-2 rocket developed by Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s under the direction of Wernher von Braun.

Helmut Gröttrup

Helmutt Gröttrup
A secret report stated that he and his colleagues Klaus Riedel and Helmut Gröttrup were said to have expressed regret at an engineer's house one evening in early March 1944 that they were not working on a spaceship and that they felt the war was not going well; this was considered a "defeatist" attitude.
During the World War II he worked in the German V-2 rocket program under Wernher von Braun.

Surface-to-air missile

SAMsurface-to-air missilessurface-to-air
They also developed the long-range A-4 ballistic missile and the supersonic Wasserfall anti-aircraft missile.
In February, Friederich Halder proposed a "flak rocket" concept, which led Walter Dornberger to ask Wernher von Braun to prepare a study on a guided missile able to reach between 15000 and 18000 m altitude.

Walter Dornberger

Walter R. DornbergerGeneral DornbergerMajor-General Dr Walter Dornberger
An artillery captain, Walter Dornberger, arranged an Ordnance Department research grant for von Braun, who then worked next to Dornberger's existing solid-fuel rocket test site at Kummersdorf.
On 21 December 1932, Captain Dornberger watched a rocket motor explode at Kummersdorf while Wernher von Braun tried to light it with a flaming gasoline can at the end of a 4 m pole.

Hermann Oberth

OberthOberth, HermannHerman Oberth
There he acquired a copy of By Rocket into Planetary Space (Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen, 1923) by rocket pioneer Hermann Oberth.
He was helped in this experiment by an 18-year-old student Wernher von Braun, who would later become a giant in both German and American rocket engineering from the 1940s onward, culminating with the gigantic Saturn V rockets that made it possible for men to land on the Moon in 1969 and in several following years.

Operation Paperclip

Project PaperclipPaperclipOperation Overcast
Following the war, he was secretly moved to the United States, along with about 1,600 other German scientists, engineers, and technicians, as part of Operation Paperclip.
Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by special agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were taken from Germany to America for U.S. government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.

Rocket

rocketsrocketryrocket scientist
Von Braun used Goddard's plans from various journals and incorporated them into the building of the Aggregat (A) series of rockets.
The Americans captured a large number of German rocket scientists, including Wernher von Braun, in 1945, and brought them to the United States as part of Operation Paperclip.

Arthur Rudolph

Rudolph, Arthur
Arthur Rudolph, chief engineer of the V-2 rocket factory at Peenemünde, endorsed this idea in April 1943 when a labor shortage developed.
Rudolph first met Wernher von Braun when he visited a meeting of the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR, the "Spaceflight Society").

Peenemünde

PeenemuendeArmy Research Center PeenemündePeenemünde Future Projects Office
He helped design and develop the V-2 rocket at Peenemünde during World War II.
German scientists such as Wernher von Braun, who worked at the V-2 facility, were known as "Peenemünders".

Intermediate-range ballistic missile

IRBMintermediate range ballistic missileintermediate-range
He worked for the United States Army on an intermediate-range ballistic missile program, and he developed the rockets that launched the United States' first space satellite Explorer 1.
The progenitor for the IRBM was the A4b rocket winged for increased range and based on the famous V-2 (Vergeltung, or "Reprisal", officially called A4) rocket designed by Wernher von Braun widely used by Nazi Germany at the end of World War II to bomb English and Belgian cities.

Hermes (missile program)

Hermes projectProject HermesCTV-G-5 Hermes A-1
As part of the Hermes project, they helped refurbish, assemble, and launch a number of V-2s that had been shipped from Germany to the White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico.
When the U.S. Army captured the Peenemünde engineers, including Werner Von Braun, Dr. Richard W. Porter of Project Hermes was close behind.

Walter Thiel

The facility was salvaged and most of the engineering team remained unharmed; however, the raids killed von Braun's engine designer Walter Thiel and Chief Engineer Walther, and the rocket program was delayed.
Schumann accompanied many diploma theses and dissertations, including that of Wernher von Braun, who completed his dissertation in 1934.

Erich Schumann

Von Braun was awarded a doctorate in physics (aerospace engineering) on July 27, 1934, from the University of Berlin for a thesis entitled "About Combustion Tests"; his doctoral supervisor was Erich Schumann.
Schumann was the doctoral advisor to Wernher von Braun, who was awarded his doctorate in 1934.

Army Ballistic Missile Agency

ABMAArmy Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA)Ballistic Missile Agency
As director of the Development Operations Division of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, von Braun, with his team, then developed the Jupiter-C, a modified Redstone rocket.
The agency was established at Redstone Arsenal on 1 February 1956, and commanded by Major General John B. Medaris with Wernher von Braun as technical director.

Space architecture

space architectArchitecture in spaceBigelow Aerospace
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect.
Wernher von Braun was the first to come up with a technically comprehensive proposal for a manned Mars expedition.