Werwolf

Operation WerwolfGerman Freedom FrontOperation WerewolfWerewolvesGerman resistance movementguerilla campaignterrorist conspiracyWerwolf GuerrillasWerwolf SSWerwolf'' activity
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.wikipedia
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Der Wehrwolf

Wehrwolf
How and by whom the name was chosen is unknown, but it may have alluded to the title of Hermann Löns' novel, Der Wehrwolf, first published in 1910.
Der Wehrwolf (Werewolf; a portmanteau combining the words for "defence" and "wolf" to Wehrwolf in the German language - c.f. Werwolf, "werewolf", usually translated into English as Warwolf) is a novel by journalist Hermann Löns, first published in 1910.

Werwolf (Wehrmacht headquarters)

WerwolfWehrwolfFührerhauptquartier Werwolf
In 1942 Adolf Hitler named the OKW and OKH field headquarters, at Vinnytsia in Ukraine, "Werwolf", and Hitler on a number of occasions had used "Wolf" as a pseudonym for himself.
The Nazis also used the term Werwolf as a codename for clandestine resistance groups which were intended to carry out guerrilla attacks against the occupying forces towards the end of World War II.

Resistance movement

freedom fighterresistanceresistance fighter
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.

Ib Melchior

On 28 April 1945 Staff Sergeant Ib Melchior of the US Counter-Intelligence Corps captured six German officers and 25 enlisted men dressed in civilian clothes, who claimed to constitute a Werwolf cell under the command of Colonel Paul Krüger, operating in Schönsee, Bavaria.
He served in the Counterintelligence Corps (U.S. Army) during World War II and participated in the liberation of Flossenbürg concentration camp as well as the discovery of stolen currency, gold and art at Merkers-Kieselbach Cavern, and the capture of a Werwolf unit in 1945, for which he was awarded the Bronze Star.

Otto Skorzeny

Dipl-Ing. Otto SkorzenySkorzenySKORZENY, Otto
In the early months of 1945, SS Obersturmbannführer Otto Skorzeny was involved in training recruits for the Werwolfs, but he soon discovered that the number of Werwolf cells had been greatly exaggerated and that they would be ineffective as a fighting force.

Werewolf

werewolveslycanthropylycanthrope
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.
In the war's final days, the Nazi "Operation Werwolf" aimed at creating a commando force that would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany itself.

Hans-Adolf Prützmann

Hans-Adolf Prutzmann
In late summer/early autumn 1944, Heinrich Himmler initiated Unternehmen Werwolf (Operation Werwolf), ordering SS Obergruppenführer Hans-Adolf Prützmann to begin organising an elite troop of volunteer forces to operate secretly behind enemy lines.
One of his last promotions came in September 1944 when Prützmann was appointed by Heinrich Himmler as Generalinspekteur für Spezialabwehr (General Inspector of Special Defense) and assigned the task of setting up the Werwolf force's headquarters in Berlin and organizing and instructing the force.

Ilse Hirsch

In the late stages of World War II, she was part of Werwolf (German for werewolf), a German resistance group that operated behind enemy lines.

NKVD special camps in Germany 1945–50

NKVD special campNKVD special campsNKVD special camps in Germany 1945–49
The arrested boys were either "shot at dawn" or interned in NKVD special camps.
Among the alleged Nazis were also boys suspected to be Werwolf members: About 10,000 internees were youths and children, half of whom did not return.

Franz Oppenhoff

Dr. Franz Oppenhoff
The unit was commanded by SS Untersturmführer Herbert Wenzel, who was a training officer at Prützmann's Werwolf training facility at Hülchrath Castle, near Erkelenz; Wenzel arranged the necessary equipment and decided on methods.

Penzberg

Penzberger Mordnacht'' (Night of Penzberg Murder)
To achieve this, a Werwolf group, around 100 strong, was dispatched, storming the town hall.

Rheinwiesenlager

internment campjust outside
Hundreds of thousands of German last-ditch troops were kept in the makeshift Rheinwiesenlager for months, "mainly to prevent Werwolf activity".
Historian Perry Biddiscombe believed the decision to keep hundreds of thousands of men in poor conditions of the Rheinwiesenlager camps was "mainly to prevent Werwolf activity" in post-war Germany.

The Man with the Iron Heart

The 2008 alternate history novel The Man with the Iron Heart by American author Harry Turtledove depicts a Werwolf operation under the successful command of Reinhard Heydrich (in this scenario he's survived the attempt on his life by British-trained Czech partisans).
Published in 2008, it takes as its premise the survival by Reinhard Heydrich of his 1942 assassination in Czechoslovakia and his subsequent leadership of the postwar Werwolf insurgency in occupied Germany, which Turtledove depicts as growing into a far more formidable force than was the case historically.

Nikolai Berzarin

Nikolai BersarinBerzarin
Rumors that scattered Nazi Werwolf forces had assassinated him were never established.

Volkssturm

VolksturmPeople's ArmyVolksstrum
By that time the Wehrmacht had taken all but the halt and the lame, and the Volkssturm had taken most of the rest.

Mass suicide in Demmin

committed mass suicidecommitted suicide in DemminDemmin
The Red Army's torching of Demmin, which resulted in the suicide of hundreds of people, was blamed on alleged preceding Werwolf activities by the East German regime.
As late as 1989, the chronicle of the district's Communist party blamed the destruction of the town on Werwolf and Hitler Youth activities.

Ústí massacre

Ústí (Aussig) massacre
The commission was not able to discover the reason for the explosion but blamed it on the Werewolves (German saboteurs).

Europa (film)

EuropaEuropa'' (film)Eyropa
Lars von Trier uses the Werwolf-theme as backdrop in his 1991 movie Europa.
In US-occupied Germany, he takes on work as a sleeping-car conductor for the Zentropa railway network, falls in love with a femme fatale, and becomes embroiled in a pro-Nazi terrorist conspiracy.

Allied-occupied Germany

GermanyBritish occupation zoneoccupied Germany
In speeches given on 25 August 2003 to the Veterans of Foreign Wars by National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld parallels were drawn between the problems faced by the coalition's occupation forces in Iraq to those encountered by occupation forces in post-World War II Germany, asserting that the Iraqi insurgency would ultimately prove to be as futile in realizing its objectives as had the Werwolfs.
The last Allied war advances into Germany and Allied occupation plans were affected by rumors of Nazi plans for insurgency (the Nazi Werwolf plan), and successful Nazi deception about plans to withdraw forces to Alpenfestung redoubt.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.

Nazism

NaziNazisNational Socialism
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Werwolf (, German for "werewolf") was a Nazi plan, which began development in 1944, to create a resistance force which would operate behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced through Germany.