West Bengal

Coin of the King Shashanka, who created the first separate political entity in Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Firoz Minar at Gauḍa was built during the Bengal Sultanate.
An 1880 map of Bengal
Subhas Chandra Bose, he was a leading freedom fighter of India
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.
Many areas remain flooded during the heavy rains brought by a monsoon.
Districts of West Bengal
A hut in a village in the Hooghly district
The Grand Hotel in Kolkata. Tourism, especially from Bangladesh, is an important part of West Bengal's economy.
Freshly sown saplings of rice in a paddy; in the background are stacks of jute sticks.
Satyajit Ray, a pioneer in Bengali cinema along with Ravi Sankar.
Panchchura Temple in Bishnupur, one of the older examples of the terracotta arts of India.
Jamdani Sari of Bangladesh is very popular in West Bengal.
Salt Lake Stadium / Vivekananda Yuva Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata
Netaji Indoor Stadium, Kolkata
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.
Durgapur Expressway
An SBSTC bus in Karunamoyee
Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system
University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India.
The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata.
Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU.

West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

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Kolkata

Fort William, headquarters of the British East India Company
Arms of the city of Calcutta, c. 1914.
Chowringhee avenue and Tipu Sultan Mosque in central Calcutta, 1945.
Bengali billboards on Harrison Street. Calcutta was the largest commercial centre in British India.
Map of Calcutta, ca 1914
Aerial view of the Kolkata skyline, including The 42 and Vidyasagar Setu
Reserve Bank of India building, Kolkata
The 42 at Chowringhee at 260 m is the tallest building in Kolkata
Residential high-rise buildings in South City
Calcutta High Court
A telecommunications tower belonging to services provider Tata Communications
The Kolkata Tram is the oldest operating electric tram system in Asia
The Kolkata Metro is the oldest rapid transit system in India
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is the busiest commuter rail system in India
The yellow taxi remains a favourite despite the foray of rideshare companies in the transport market
A road in Kolkata showing bus, and cars. There are other modes of transport available such as taxi or cab, tram, metro, auto rikshaw, rikshaw and ferry or water taxi.
The terminal of the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Khidirpore Dock of Kolkata Port Trust
Calcutta Medical College, the second institution in Asia to teach modern medicine (after 'Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry')
IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, largest hospital in West Bengal and one of the oldest in Kolkata.
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
Presidency University, Kolkata
Aerial view of the Amity University, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial at night
Indian Museum is the oldest and one of the largest museums in India
National Library of India
Making of Durga idol in Kumartuli, Kolkata
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
Sandesh, a typical Bengali sweet made from chhena
Dance accompanied by Rabindra Sangeet, a music genre started by Rabindranath Tagore
Akashvani Bhawan, the head office of state-owned All India Radio, Kolkata
Salt Lake Stadium on a matchday of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup
First day and night test match in India between India and Bangladesh at the Eden gardens

Kolkata ( or, ; also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

Ganges Delta

Ganges Delta, 2020 satellite photograph
A typical landscape in the Delta with palms, rice, flat, green and ponds
Delta of Ganges from the map of surveyor James Rennell (1778)
Bengal tiger
Rice, cattle and fishing in rivers and ponds are important sources of food.
A lot of bustle at a ferry pier
The Vidyasagar Setu which spans the Hoogli River in Kolkata
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The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta ) is a river delta in the Bengal region of South Asia, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Rarh region

Toponym for an area in the Indian subcontinent that lies between the Chota Nagpur Plateau on the West and the Ganges Delta on the East.

Districts of West Bengal
Gangaridae, as depicted in Ptolemy's map

Although the boundaries of the region have been defined differently according to various sources throughout history, it is mainly coextensive with the state of West Bengal, also comprising parts of the state of Jharkhand in India.

Bengalis

Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group originating from and culturally affiliated with the Bengal region of South Asia.

The ancient political divisions of the Ganges delta.
Parts of the Charyapada, a collection of ancient Buddhist hymns which mention the Bengalis, in display at the Rajshahi College Library.
Depiction of Gangaridai on a map by 11th-century polymath Ptolemy.
Atiśa is recognised as one of the greatest figures of classical Buddhism, having inspired Buddhist thought from Tibet to Sumatra.
Ghazi Pir is thought to have lived in the Sundarbans some time between the 12th to 13th century.
15th-century Portuguese painting of "Bengalis".
The Bengali artillery at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
A painting by Shaikh Muhammad Amir of Karraya displaying a syce of Bengal holding two carriage horses.
A Bengali woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
W.C. Bonnerjee, co-founder and first president of Indian National Congress.
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, the co-founder and inaugural president of the Awami League.
Dean Mahomed is credited for introducing shampoo to the Europeans.
Large numbers of Bengalis have settled and established themselves in Banglatown.
I'tisam-ud-Din was the first educated Bengali and South Asian to have travelled to Europe.
Regional dialects form one of the determiners to the social stratification of Bengalis.
Bengali schoolboys in the port city of Chittagong.
Eid prayers in Dhaka.
Durga Puja in Kolkata.
Harvesting preparation in Bangladesh.
A sculpture of the Nawab of Bengal's Royal Peacock Barge in Murshidabad.
Traditional way of weaving Jamdani.
A Bengali man sporting a simple black sherwani.
Artistes from Purulia district of West Bengal performs Chhau dance
Satyajit Ray, eminent film director who has made Bengali films popular all over the world
Gitanjali intro featuring its author Rabindranath Tagore
The application of mehndi onto one's hand hosts a ceremony of itself during Bengali wedding seasons.
A Bengali groom partaking in a supplication during his wedding.
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Qazi Azizul Haque is recognised for his contributions to the development of modern fingerprint biometrics, a discovery of worldwide importance.
Meghnad Saha, J C Bose, J C Ghosh, Snehamoy Dutt, S N Bose, D M Bose, N R Sen, J N Mukherjee, N C Nag
A sculpture honoring Fazlur Khan at the Willis Tower
A lathi khela event taking place in Tangail.
A Nouka Baich competition taking place in the monsoon season.
Mohammed Salim, the first South Asian footballer to play for a foreign club. Due to playing in bare feet, he is having them bandaged by Jimmy McMenemy in 1936.
Cricketer Shakib Al Hasan is currently crowned the world's best all-rounder in all formats for ODI cricket, and one of the greatest of all times.

The native population is divided between the independent country Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam's Barak Valley and parts of Manipur.

Assam

State in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

Map of Eastern Bengal and Assam during 1907–1909
A map of the British Indian Empire in 1909 during the partition of Bengal (1905–1911), showing British India in two shades of pink (coral and pale) and the princely states in yellow. The Assam Province (initially as the Province of Eastern Bengal and Assam) can be seen towards the north-eastern side of India.
Showing a historical incident at Kanaklata Udyan, Tezpur
Blooming of Kopou Orchid marks the beginning of the festive season of Bihu in Assam.
People gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela
Kamakhya Temple
Basistha Temple in Guwahati.
7th–8th century specimen of Assamese (Kamarupi) literature
Brahmaputra valley region of Assam
1. Tinskia 2. Dibrugarh 3. Dhemaji 4. Charaideo 5. Sivasagar 6.Lakhimpur 7. Majuli 8. Jorhat 9. Biswanath 10. Golaghat 11. Karbi Anglong 12. Sonitpur 13. Nagaon 14. Hojai 15. Karbi Anglong West 16. Dima Hasao 17. Cachar 18. Hailakandi 19. Karimganj 20. Morigaon 21. Udalguri 22. Darrang 23. Kamrup Metro 24. Baksa 25. Nalbari 26. Kamrup 27. Barpeta 28. Chirang 29. Bongaigaon 30. Goalpara 31. Kokrajhar 32. Dhubri 33. South Salmara Mankachar 34. Bajali
Bodoland district map
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The image represent's Dimaraji proposed state map
Barak Valley
Per capita income of Assam since 1950
A paddy field in Assam
A tea garden in Assam: tea is grown at elevations near sea level, giving it a malty sweetness and an earthy flavor, as opposed to the more floral aroma of highland (e.g. Darjeeling, Taiwanese) teas
Assamese women busy planting paddy seedlings in their agricultural field in Pahukata village in the Nagaon district of Assam
A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese Bohag Bihu in their traditional attire.
Dakhinpat Satra of Majuli
Girl in traditional Mekhela chador dress with a Dhol wrapped with Gamosa
A decorative Assamese Jaapi laid over a Gamosa
A Bihu dancer blowing a pepa (horn)
A beautifully adorned Jaapi
Mising girls dancing during Ali Ai Ligang (Spring Festival)
Actors of Abinaswar Gosthi performs the play "Surjya Mandirot Surjyasta" directed by Dipok Borah
Assamese Thali
An ethnic preparation of Ghost chili chicken curry of Assam
Lakshminath Bezbaroa, one of the foremost figures of Assamese literature.
Imaginary portrait of Srimanta Sankardeva by Bishnu Prasad Rabha
School girls in the classroom, Lakhiganj High School, Assam
Cotton University, Guwahati
Academic complex of IIT Guwahati
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
Jorhat Engineering College of Assam Science and Technology University
Sattriya Dance
Bodo dance Bagurumba
Jhumair dance in Tea garden
Nagara
Bhupen Hazarika
Assamese youth performing Bihu Dance
Statue of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati.
Lil Bahadur Chettri
Citra Bhagavata illustration
A folio from the Hastividyarnava manuscript
<center>A page of manuscript painting from Assam; The medieval painters used locally manufactured painting materials such as the colours of hangool and haital and papers manufactured from aloewood bark</center>
Bell metal made sorai and sophura are important parts of culture
Assam Kahor (Bell metal) Kahi

The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 km wide strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

States and union territories of India

Federal union comprising 28 states and 8 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

West Bengal (formerly Bengal Province).

Bengali Hindus

Durga Puja, the most notable Hindu festival for Bengali Hindus.
Devi Durga Sculpture by Sandalwood. Found in Murshidabad, West Bengal. Now kept in Indian Museum, Kolkata.
Dancing Ganesha sculpture from North Bengal, 11th century CE, Asian Art Museum of Berlin (Dahlem).
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Swami Vivekananda was a leading figure of the Bengal Renaissance Vivekananda at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893)
Signature dish of Bengali: Fish And Rice.
Savitri-Satyavan story on Kalighat Painting, 3rd quarter of the 19th century.
Durga Puja, the largest festival of Bengali Hindus
Kali Puja, a major festival of Bengal
Rath Yatra at Dhamrai in Dhaka district, Bangladesh
A traditional Durga idol
The Bengali Hindu diaspora celebrate Durga Puja all over the world.
Ichhai Ghosher Deul at Gourangapur in Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal. (India)
Dhakeshwari Temple in Dhaka. (Bangladesh)
Baro-chala Buro Shiva temple at Jalshara in Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal. (India)

Bengali Hindus (বাঙ্গালী হিন্দু/বাঙালি হিন্দু) are an ethnoreligious population who make up the majority in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Jharkhand, and Assam's Barak Valley region.

Sundarbans

Mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal.

Map of the Sundarbans
Ecoregion IM406, also known as the Sundarbans Mangroves ecoregion
During monsoon the paddy fields in the Sunderbans are entirely flooded.
Police Boat Patrolling in Sundarban National Park, West Bengal
A map of the protected areas of the Indian Sunderbans, showing the boundaries of the tiger reserve, the national park and the three wildlife sanctuaries, conservation and lodging centres, subsistence towns, and access points. The entire forested (dark green) area constitutes the Biosphere Reserve, with the remaining forests outside the national park and wildlife sanctuaries being given the status of a reserve forest.

It spans the area from the Baleswar River in Bangladesh's division of Khulna to the Hooghly River in India's state of West Bengal.

Darjeeling Himalayan hill region

Panoramic view from Mt. Sandakphu
River Teesta near Siliguri, West Bengal

Darjeeling Himalayan hill region or Darjeeling Himalaya is the mountainous area on the north-western side of the state of West Bengal in India.

Nawabs of Bengal and Murshidabad

The hereditary ruler of Bengal Subah in Mughal India.

Map of Bengal Subah (Red east)
A map of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa under British rule. The map roughly corresponds to the territory of the Nawab of Bengal.
Sketch of the main caravanserai and mosque in Murshidabad
Dutch East India Company ships in Chittagong harbor, early 18th-century
Robert Clive meets Mir Jafar at the Battle of Plassey in 1757
Hazarduari Palace (Palace of a Thousand Doors) was home to the titular Nawabs of Murshidabad

In the early 18th-century, the Nawab of Bengal was the de facto independent ruler of the three regions of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa which constitute the modern-day sovereign country of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.