West Bengal

BengalWestWBwestern BengalBengaliIndiaWest Bengal StateWest Bengal,West Bengal, India91million
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.wikipedia
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East India

Eastern IndiaEasternEast
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Odisha

OrissaKalingaOdisha State
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
Located in eastern India, it is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south.

Kolkata

CalcuttaCalcutta, IndiaKolkata, India
The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India.
Kolkata (, also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

Jharkhand

Jharkhand StateHussainabadJH
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east.

Sikkim

Sikkim, Indiaaccession of the state of SikkimGeology of Sikkim
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
It borders Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south.

Bihar

bihar stateBihar, India Bihar State
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south.

Bhutan

🇧🇹Kingdom of BhutanBhutanese
A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north.
Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, the Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the east, and the states of Assam and West Bengal in the south.

Assam

Assam, IndiaAssam StateAssamese
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The state is bordered by Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 km strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

Bengali Hindus

BengaliBengali HinduBengali Hindu people
The main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.
Bengali Hindus are an ethnic, linguistic, and religious population who make up the majority in the Indian state of West Bengal and Tripura.

Rarh region

RarhRadh BengalRadha
As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
Although the boundaries of the region have been defined differently according to various sources throughout history, it is mainly coextensive with the state of West Bengal, also comprising parts of the state of Jharkhand in India.

Darjeeling Himalayan hill region

Darjeeling HillsDarjeeling RegionDarjeeling Sub-Himalaya
As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
Darjeeling Himalayan hill region or Darjeeling Himalaya is the mountainous area on the north-western side of the state of West Bengal in India.

Gauḍa (city)

GaurGaudaLakhnauti
The citadel of Gauda served as the capital of the Gauda Kingdom, the Buddhist Pala Empire (eighth to 11th century) and Hindu Sena Empire (11th–12th century).
Gauḍa, Gaur, or Gour, also known as Lakhnauti, is a ruined city on the Indo-Bangladesh border, most of the former citadel is located in the present-day Malda district of West Bengal, India, while a smaller part is located in Nawabganj District of Bangladesh.

Ganges Delta

Gangetic DeltaGanges river deltadelta
As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (also known as the Brahmaputra Delta, the Sunderbans Delta or the Bengal Delta ) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Economy of West Bengal

West Bengal
The economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of.
West Bengal has the sixth largest economy in India with.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengaliVanga
A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown.
Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third).

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab (formerly East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces), and West Bengal.

Government of West Bengal

Bengal governmentWest Bengal governmentstate government
In 2011 the Government of West Bengal proposed a change in the official name of the state to PaschimBanga (পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Pôshchimbônggô). This is the native name of the state, literally meaning western Bengal in the native Bengali language.
The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 23 districts.

Left Front (West Bengal)

Left FrontLFWest Bengal Left Front
Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front, and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution.
The Left Front (বামফ্রন্ট, transliterated bamfront) is an alliance of political parties in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Partition of Bengal (1947)

partition of BengalPartitionpartitioned
A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20thcentury, Bengal was divided during India's independence in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became independent Bangladesh.
Predominantly Hindu West Bengal became a state of India, and predominantly Muslim East Bengal (now Bangladesh) became a province of Pakistan.

Bengali language

BengaliBanglaBengali-language
The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown.
Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley in the state of Assam.

Bay of Bengal

Harkandeasterneastern coast
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
The bay gets its name from the historical Bengal region (The Indian state of West Bengal and modern-day Bangladesh).

Ganges

GangaGanges RiverGanga river
One of the earliest foreign references to Bengal is a mention by the Ancient Greeks around 100BCE of a land named Gangaridai, which was located at the mouths of the Ganges.
After entering West Bengal, it divides into two rivers: the Hooghly and the Padma River.

Battle of Plassey

Plassey1757 conquest1757 territorial conquest
The British East India Company cemented their hold on the region following the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and Calcutta served for many years as the capital of British India.
The battle took place at Palashi (Anglicised version: Plassey) on the banks of the Hooghly River, about 150 km north of Calcutta and south of Murshidabad, then capital of Bengal (now in Murshidabad district in West Bengal).

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
From the 13thcentury onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18thcentury.
Trouble emerged for Curzon when he divided the largest administrative subdivision in British India, the Bengal Province, into the Muslim-majority province of Eastern Bengal and Assam and the Hindu-majority province of West Bengal (present-day Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Odisha).

Bangladesh

🇧🇩People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshi
A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20thcentury, Bengal was divided during India's independence in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became independent Bangladesh.
At a separate meeting of legislators from West Bengal, it was decided (58 votes to 21) that the province should be partitioned and West Bengal should join the Constituent Assembly of India.