West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern BengalWestWBWest Bengal StateBengaliIndiaState of West Bengal West Bengal
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal.wikipedia
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Odisha

OrissaOrissa, IndiaOdisha, India
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
Located in eastern India, it is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the northeast, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and northwest, and Andhra Pradesh to the south.

Jharkhand

Jharkhand StateJharkhand movementJarkhand
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east.

Kolkata

CalcuttaSouth KolkataCalcutta, India
The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta) the seventh-largest city in India, and center of the third-largest metropolitan area in the country.
Kolkata (, also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

Sikkim

Sikkim, IndiaSikhimSikkim State
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
It borders Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south.

Bihar

Bihar stateBihar, IndiaState of Bihar
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south.

Bhutan

Kingdom of BhutanBhutaneseBootan
Part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north.
Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, the Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the east, and the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal in the south.

Assam

Assam, IndiaAssam StateAssamese
It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 km strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

Bengali Hindus

Bengali HinduBengaliHindu
The main ethnic group is the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.
Bengali Hindus are an ethnic, linguistic, and religious population who make up the majority in the Indian states of West Bengal, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Tripura.

Rarh region

RarhRaḍhaRadh
West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
Although the boundaries of the region have been defined differently according to various sources throughout history, it is mainly coextensive with the state of West Bengal, also comprising parts of the state of Jharkhand in India.

Darjeeling Himalayan hill region

Darjeeling HillsDarjeeling RegionDarjeeling Sub-Himalaya
West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
Darjeeling Himalayan hill region or Darjeeling Himalaya is the mountainous area on the north-western side of the state of West Bengal in India.

Pala Empire

PalaPala dynastyPalas
The citadel of Gauda served as the capital of the Gauda Kingdom, the Buddhist Pala Empire (8th–11th century) and Hindu Sena Empire (11th–12th century).
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal (modern-day Bangladesh and West Bengal).

Ganges Delta

Gangetic DeltaBengal deltaGanges-Brahmaputra Delta
West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta ) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Bengal Subah

Mughal BengalBengalMughal
The Mughal Bengal was heralded by Aurangzeb as the "paradise of the nations", since it was the empire's most economically developed province.
The Bengal Subah (also known as Mughal Bengal) was a subdivision of the Mughal Empire encompassing much of the Bengal region, which includes modern Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, between the 16th and 18th centuries.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian stateUnion Territory
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal.
Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union respectively and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal.

Gauḍa (city)

GaurGaudaLakhnauti
The citadel of Gauda served as the capital of the Gauda Kingdom, the Buddhist Pala Empire (8th–11th century) and Hindu Sena Empire (11th–12th century).
The ruins of this former city now straddle the international border and are divided between the Chapai Nawabganj District of Rajshahi Division and the Malda district of West Bengal.

Indian independence movement

Indian independenceIndian freedom movementindependence
The socio-cultural movements of the Bengal Renaissance played an influential role in decolonisation and the region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement.
The first movement nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal (present day West Bengal and Bangladesh), but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal.
The bay gets its name from the historical Bengal region (The Indian state of West Bengal and modern-day Bangladesh).

History of Bengal

ancient BengalBengalBangla, Bengali: বাংলা/বঙ্গ
Several regional and pan−Indian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture.
It includes modern-day Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and dominated by the fertile Ganges delta.

Culture of Bengal

Bengali cultureBengaliculture
Several regional and pan−Indian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture.
The Culture of Bengal encompasses the Bengal region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, including Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, where the Bengali language is the official and primary language.

Economy of West Bengal

West Bengal
The economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with inr 11770000000000 in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of inr 116000.
The economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with US$190 billion in gross domestic product.

Bengal Legislative Assembly

In 1947, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh.
The Bengal Legislative Assembly was the largest legislature in British India, serving as the lower chamber of the legislature of Bengal (now Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal).

Tourism in West Bengal

tourism destinations
West Bengal has two World Heritage sites and one of the top tourism destinations in India.
Tourism in West Bengal refers to West Bengal's tourism.

Partition of Bengal (1947)

partition of BengalPartitionpartitioned
In 1947, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh.
Predominantly Hindu West Bengal became a state of India, and predominantly Muslim East Bengal (now Bangladesh) became a province of Pakistan.

Architecture of Bengal

Bengal architectureBengaliBengali architecture
Several regional and pan−Indian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture.
The architecture of Bengal, which comprises the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, Assam's Barak Valley, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements from the Indian subcontinent, with influences from different parts of the world.

Bengali cuisine

BengaliBengalChinese influences on Bengali cuisine
Several regional and pan−Indian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture.
Bengali cuisine is a culinary style originating in Bengal region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, which is now divided between Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley.