West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermanyWestGermanFRGWest Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)Federal RepublicWest Germansthe west
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.wikipedia
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German reunification

reunificationreunification of Germanyreunified
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity (Deutsche Einheit), celebrated on 3 October (German Unity Day) (Tag der deutschen Einheit).

Inner German border

borderinner-German borderseparated
During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border.
The Inner German border (Innerdeutsche Grenze or Deutsch-deutsche Grenze ; initially also Zonengrenze ) was the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990.

West Berlin

WestBerlinWest-Berlin
After 1961 West Berlin was physically separated from East Berlin as well as from East Germany by the Berlin Wall.
West Berlin aligned itself politically with the Federal Republic of Germany (called the "Bonn Republic" by historians) and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions.

Berlin Wall

fall of the Berlin WallWallthe wall
After 1961 West Berlin was physically separated from East Berlin as well as from East Germany by the Berlin Wall.
Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB), which demarcated the border between East and West Germany, it came to symbolize physically the "Iron Curtain" that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

Warsaw Pact

Soviet blocWarsaw TreatyEastern Bloc
During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border.
The Warsaw Pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO in 1955 per the London and Paris Conferences of 1954, but it is also considered to have been motivated by Soviet desires to maintain control over military forces in Central and Eastern Europe.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
This situation ended when East Germany was dissolved and split into five states, which then joined the ten states of the Federal Republic of Germany along with the reunified city-state of Berlin.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.

History of Germany since 1990

Berlin Republicmodern Germany
This period is referred to as the Bonn Republic (Bonner Republik) by historians, alluding to the interwar Weimar Republic and the post-reunification Berlin Republic.
The history of Germany since 1990 spans the period following the Reunification of Germany, when West Germany and East Germany were reunited after being divided during the Cold War.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
With the reunification of West and East Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany, enlarged now to sixteen states, became known simply as "Germany".
After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganisationNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality.
In 1955 West Germany was also incorporated into NATO, which resulted in the creation of the Soviet-dominated Warsaw Pact, delineating the two opposing sides of the Cold War.

Bonn

Bonn, GermanyBonn-BeuelBonn, West Germany
The city of Bonn was its (provisional) capital.
From 1949 to 1990, Bonn was the provisional capital of West Germany, and Germany's present constitution, the Basic Law, was declared in the city in 1949.

Saar Protectorate

SaarSaarlandSaar area
Germany was de facto divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland and divided Berlin.
On rejoining West Germany in 1957, it became the smallest "area state" (Bundesland), the Saarland, not counting the "city states" (Stadtstaaten) of Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen.

Exclusive mandate

claims sovereignty of the islandsconstitutional mandateelectoral victory
Initially the Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich.
For nearly all of the 41 years that Germany was split into two countries, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) claimed to be the sole legitimate successor to the German Reich that existed from 1871 to 1945.

Konrad Adenauer

AdenauerChancellor AdenauerKonrad-Adenauer
The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimarWeimar Germany
This period is referred to as the Bonn Republic (Bonner Republik) by historians, alluding to the interwar Weimar Republic and the post-reunification Berlin Republic.
In 1949 the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) adopted all three signs of Weimar Republic – Reichswappen, Reichsschild and Reichsflagge – as Bundeswappen, Bundesschild and Bundesflagge (Federal coat of arms, escutcheon and flag).

Oder–Neisse line

frontier changesGerman-Polish bordersubsequent border shift
The fourth Allied occupation zone (the East Zone, or Ostzone) was held by the Soviet Union, bounded to the east by the Oder-Neisse line; and in 1949 this became the socialist German Democratic Republic (abbreviated GDR; in German Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR) with its de facto capital in East Berlin.
Communist East Germany confirmed the border with Communist Poland in 1950, while West Germany, after a period of refusal, was forced by international pressure to adhere to the border (with reservations) in 1970.

Constitution of East Germany

dictatorshipconstitutionconstitutional arrangements
This changed once under its 1968 constitution, when the idea of a single German nation was abandoned by East Germany, and as a result West Germans and West Berliners were officially considered foreigners.
The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded in 1949 and was absorbed into the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
He not only secured a membership in NATO but was also a proponent of agreements that developed into the present-day European Union.
The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The Federal Republic of Germany was established from eleven states formed in the three Allied Zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France (the "Western Zones").
Despite rising living standards in the late 1950s and 1960s, the UK's economic performance was less successful than many of its main competitors such as France, West Germany and Japan.

BRD (Germany)

BRDFederal Republic of GermanyFRG
In the early 1970s, starting in the East German Neues Deutschland, the initialism "BRD" (FRG) for the "Federal Republic of Germany" began to prevail in East German usage.
BRD (Bundesrepublik Deutschland; English: Federal Republic of Germany); is an unofficial abbreviation commonly used between 1968 and 1990 by the communist regime of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) to refer to the Federal Republic of Germany, informally known at the time as West Germany.

Minister of Intra-German Relations

Federal Minister of All-German AffairsFederal Ministry for Intra-German RelationsMinister of All-German Affairs
In reaction to this move, in 1965 the West German Federal Minister of All-German Affairs Erich Mende issued the Directives for the appellation of Germany, recommending avoiding the initialism.
The Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations (Bundesminister für innerdeutsche Beziehungen) was a federal cabinet minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).

Baden-Württemberg

BWBadenState of Baden-Württemberg
Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, and the Saarland joined the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957.
In 1949, each state became a founding member of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure.

East Germany

East GermanGDRGerman Democratic Republic
During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border. The fourth Allied occupation zone (the East Zone, or Ostzone) was held by the Soviet Union, bounded to the east by the Oder-Neisse line; and in 1949 this became the socialist German Democratic Republic (abbreviated GDR; in German Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR) with its de facto capital in East Berlin.
The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones.

German Reich

ReichGermanyGerman
Initially the Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich.
After World War II, the denotation "German Reich" quickly fell into disuse in Allied-occupied Germany, however, and the state's continued existence remained a matter of debate; the post-war Bonn Republic maintained the continued existence of the German Reich as an 'overall state", but dormant while East and West Germany continued to be divided. Nevertheless, when Germany was reunited in 1990 the term "German Reich" was not revived as a title for the Berlin Republic.

Bizone

BizoniaBizonalTrizone
First, the British and American zones were combined into the quasi-state of Bizonia.
With the addition of the French occupation zone on 1 June 1948 the entity became the Trizone (sometimes jokingly called Trizonesia ). Later, on 23 May 1949, the Trizone became the Federal Republic of Germany, commonly known as West Germany.

Bonn–Paris conventions

Bonn AgreementSecondSettlement Convention
With territories and frontiers that coincided largely with the ones of old Medieval East Francia and the 19th-century Napoleonic Confederation of the Rhine, the Federal Republic of Germany, founded on 23 May 1949, under the terms of the Bonn–Paris conventions it obtained "the full authority of a sovereign state" on 5 May 1955 (although "full sovereignty" was not obtained until the Two Plus Four Agreement in 1990).
The conventions put an end to the Allied occupation of West Germany.