West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermanyWestGermanWest-GermanyFRGWest Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)Federal Republicthe west
West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), a country in Western Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.wikipedia
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German reunification

reunification of Germanyreunificationreunified
West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), a country in Western Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990. Following the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, there was a rapid move towards German reunification.
German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, as provided by Article 23 of the FRG's then constitution (Grundgesetz).

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
The Federal Republic was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II.

Bonn

Bonn, GermanyBonn, West GermanyBonn-Beuel
Its (provisional) capital was the city of Bonn.
From 1949 to 1990, Bonn was the capital of West Germany, and Germany's present constitution, the Basic Law, was declared in the city in 1949.

Saar Protectorate

SaarSaarlandSaar (protectorate)
Germany was de facto divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland and a divided Berlin.
On rejoining West Germany in 1957, it became the smallest "area state" (Bundesland), the Saarland, not counting the "city states" (Stadtstaaten) of Berlin, Hamburg, and Bremen.

West Berlin

West-BerlinWestBerlin
In addition to the resulting ten states, West Berlin was considered an unofficial de facto eleventh state.
West Berlin aligned itself politically with the Federal Republic of Germany (called the "Bonn Republic" by historians) and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions.

Exclusive mandate

claims sovereignty of the islandsconstitutional mandateelectoral victory
Initially, the Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the sole democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich.
For nearly all of the 41 years that Germany was split into two countries, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) claimed to be the sole legitimate successor to the German Reich that existed from 1871 to 1945.

Konrad Adenauer

AdenauerChancellor AdenauerConrad Adenauer
The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
He not only secured a membership in NATO but was also a proponent of agreements which developed into the present-day European Union.
The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany.

Berlin Wall

fall of the Berlin WallWallthe wall
Following the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, there was a rapid move towards German reunification.
Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB), which demarcated the border between East and West Germany, it came to symbolize physically the "Iron Curtain" that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

BRD (Germany)

BRDFederal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany
In the early 1970s, starting in the East German Neues Deutschland, the initialism "BRD" (FRG) for the "Federal Republic of Germany" began to prevail in East German usage.
BRD (Bundesrepublik Deutschland; English: FRG/Federal Republic of Germany); is an unofficial abbreviation for the Federal Republic of Germany, informally known in English as West Germany until 1990, and just Germany since reunification.

Constitution of East Germany

dictatorshipEast German Constitutionconstitution
This changed once under its 1968 constitution, when the idea of a single German nation was abandoned by East Germany, and as a result West Germans and West Berliners were officially considered foreigners.
The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded in 1949 and was absorbed into the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Federal Republic was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
Despite rising living standards in the late 1950s and 1960s, the UK's economic performance was less successful than many of its main competitors such as France, West Germany and Japan.

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganisationNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality.
Following the London and Paris Conferences, West Germany was permitted to rearm militarily, as they joined NATO in May 1955, which was in turn a major factor in the creation of the Soviet-dominated Warsaw Pact, delineating the two opposing sides of the Cold War.

Baden-Württemberg

Baden-WuerttembergBaden-WurttembergBaden Württemberg
Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, and the Saarland joined the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957.
In 1949, each state became a founding member of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure.

Minister of Intra-German Relations

Federal Minister of All-German AffairsFederal Ministry for Intra-German RelationsMinister of All-German Affairs
In reaction to this move, in 1965 the West German Federal Minister of All-German Affairs Erich Mende issued the Directives for the appellation of Germany, recommending avoiding the initialism.
The Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations (Bundesminister für innerdeutsche Beziehungen) was a federal cabinet minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).

New states of Germany

Eastern Germanyformer East GermanyOssi
Its five post-war states (Länder) were reconstituted along with the reunited Berlin, which ended its special status and formed an additional Land.
Persisting differences in culture and mentality among the old East Germany and old West Germany are often referred to as the "wall in the head" ("Mauer im Kopf").

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyState of BerlinGerman capital
Berlin was separately divided into four zones.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.

German Reich

GermanyReichDeutsches Reich
Initially, the Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the sole democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich.
After World War II, the denotation "German Reich" quickly fell into disuse in Allied-occupied Germany, however, and the state's continued existence remained a matter of debate; the post-war Bonn Republic maintained the continued existence of the German Reich as an 'overall state", but dormant while East and West Germany continued to be divided. Nevertheless, when Germany was reunited in 1990 the term "German Reich" was not revived as a title for the Berlin Republic.

East Germany

East GermanGerman Democratic RepublicGDR
It took the line that the German Democratic Republic (GDR) was an illegally constituted puppet state.
The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones.

Bizone

TrizoneBizoniaBizonal
First, the British and American zones were combined into the quasi-state of Bizonia.
Later, on 23 May 1949, the Trizone became the Federal Republic of Germany, commonly known as West Germany.

Western Europe

WesternWestern EuropeanWest European
West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), a country in Western Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
West Germany peacefully absorbed East Germany, in the German reunification.

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

alpha-2two-letter country codesISO country code
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code of West Germany was "DE" (for Deutschland, Germany), which has remained the country code of Germany after reunification.

Bonn–Paris conventions

Bonn AgreementParis conventions ratified in 1955Settlement Convention
With territories and frontiers that coincided largely with the ones of old Medieval East Francia and the 19th-century Napoleonic Confederation of the Rhine, the Federal Republic of Germany, founded on 23 May 1949, under the terms of the Bonn–Paris conventions it obtained "the full authority of a sovereign state" on 5 May 1955 (although "full sovereignty" was not obtained until the Two Plus Four Agreement in 1990).
The conventions put an end to the Allied occupation of West Germany.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechCzechoslovakian
Following wartime commitments by the Allies to the governments-in-exile of Czechoslovakia and Poland, the Potsdam Protocols also agreed to the 'orderly and humane' transfer to Germany as a whole of the ethnic German populations in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

Oder–Neisse line

Oder-Neisse lineOder-Neiße linefrontier changes
The Two-plus-Four Agreement also saw the two parts of Germany confirm their post-war external boundaries as final and irreversible (including the 1945 transfer of former German lands east of the Oder-Neisse line), and the Allied Powers confirmed their consent to German Reunification.
Communist East Germany agreed to the border with Communist Poland in 1950, while West Germany, after a period of refusal, adhered to the border (with reservations) in 1970.