West Norwood Cemetery
Norwood CemeteryWest NorwoodNorwoodSouth Metropolitan CemeterySouth London Metropolitan CemeterySouth Metropolitan Cemetery at NorwoodSouth Metropolitan Cemetery at West NorwoodSouth Metropolitan Cemetery CompanyWest Norwood Crematorium
West Norwood Cemetery is a 40 acre rural cemetery in West Norwood in London, England.wikipedia
395 Related Articles
NorwoodLower NorwoodWest Norwood, London
West Norwood Cemetery is a 40 acre rural cemetery in West Norwood in London, England.
The South Metropolitan Cemetery was laid out in 1837 to provide burial facilities largely for the population of crowded areas that were closer to the centre of London.
Its grounds are a mixture of historic monumental cemetery and modern lawn cemetery, but it also has catacombs, cremation plots and a columbarium for cinerary ashes. By 2000, there had been 164,000 burials in 42,000 plots, plus 34,000 cremations and several thousand interments in its catacombs (see also Catacombs of London).
LambethBorough of LambethBrixton Town Hall
It is in the London Borough of Lambeth (SE27).
Lambeth's open spaces include Brockwell Park and Lido, Streatham Common, half of Clapham Common, West Norwood Cemetery, Archbishop's Park, Norbury Park, Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens and Ruskin and Larkhall Park and Kennington Parks.
Magnificent SevenSeven large cemeteriesmajor metropolitan cemeteries
One of the first private landscaped cemeteries in London, it is one of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries of London, and is a site of major historical, architectural and ecological interest. It is one of the Magnificent Seven metropolitan lawn cemeteries of the Victorian era, and its extensive Gothic Revival architecture qualifies it as one of the significant cemeteries in Europe.
By 2000, there had been 164,000 burials in 42,000 plots, plus 34,000 cremations and several thousand interments in its catacombs (see also Catacombs of London).
There are several purpose-built crypts/catacombs, including those of the West Norwood Cemetery, which has a remarkable collection of historic monuments on a landscaped hill.
J. Oldrid ScottJ. O. ScottJ Oldrid Scott
Grade II*-listed St Stephen's Chapel within the Greek section is sometimes attributed to architect John Oldrid Scott.
Grade II listedlistedGrade II* listed
Believed by some to hold the finest collection of sepulchral monuments in London, the cemetery features 69 Grade II and Grade II* listed buildings and structures, including a dedicated Greek Orthodox necropolis with 19 listed mausoleums and monuments. Many of these mausolea are listed, such as the Grade II mausoleum for Sir Henry Doulton's family, constructed appropriately of pottery and terracotta.
It is one of the Magnificent Seven metropolitan lawn cemeteries of the Victorian era, and its extensive Gothic Revival architecture qualifies it as one of the significant cemeteries in Europe.
The development of the private major metropolitan cemeteries was occurring at the same time as the movement; Sir William Tite pioneered the first cemetery in the Gothic style at West Norwood in 1837, with chapels, gates, and decorative features in the Gothic manner, attracting the interest of contemporary architects such as George Edmund Street, Barry, and William Burges.
Site of Borough Importance for Nature ConservationSite of Metropolitan Importance for Nature ConservationSite of Local Importance for Nature Conservation
Lambeth Council have recognised it as a site of nature conservation value within the Borough in addition to its outstanding value as a site of national historic and cultural interest.
The areas concerned may be areas of 'natural' habitats, or they may be man-made – for example, the 40 acre West Norwood Cemetery is designated a Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation by the London Borough of Lambeth
GreekGreek communityUnited Kingdom
In 1842, a section of the cemetery was acquired by London's Greek community for a Greek Orthodox cemetery, and this soon filled with many fine monuments and large mausoleums, memorialising the history of Anglo-Hellenic families.
As they prospered these Greek merchants began to settle in London's Bayswater and established permanent institutions such as the Greek necropolis at Norwood in 1842, a Greek school and the Greek Orthodox church, later Cathedral of Aghia Sophia in 1877.
Sir William TiteMr. W. TiteTite
Architect William Tite was a director of the cemetery company and designed the landscaping, some monuments, and was eventually interred there himself.
As a company director of the South Metropolitan Cemetery Company he laid out his first cemetery at Norwood in 1836 and designed several significant monuments and chapels there.
DoultonSir Henry DoultonDoulton family
Many of these mausolea are listed, such as the Grade II mausoleum for Sir Henry Doulton's family, constructed appropriately of pottery and terracotta.
Doulton died at his residence, 10 Queen's Gate Gardens, London, on 17 November 1897, and was buried at Norwood cemetery.
St. Mary-at-HillLovat LaneSt Mary Hill church
Another enclosure in the south-east corner was acquired by St Mary-at-Hill in the City of London for its own parish burials.
Parliament outlawed new burials in the City of London during the Victorian era, forcing the closure of its churchyards; in 1847 the Church purchased burials rights 'in perpetuity' in a small section of the consecrated ground at West Norwood Cemetery for the parish's own use.
Spencer John Bent
Spencer John Bent, Victoria Cross recipient for action in the First World War, who was cremated here, is commemorated in a garden of remembrance.
Bent was cremated at West Norwood Cemetery, London.
St Sophia's CathedralSaint Sophia CathedralSaint Sophia
The Greek necropolis is overseen by the trustees of the Cathedral of Saint Sophia.
Scott was responsible for many significant British churches, and was subsequently commissioned by Ralli to build St Stephen's Greek Orthodox Chapel in West Norwood Cemetery in 1873.
St George's, Hanover SquareSt. George's, Hanover SquareSt George's Hanover Square
In 1969, 11,500 remains were taken from the closed burial ground of St George's, Hanover Square in Bayswater, to West Norwood Cemetery and cremated, for burial here.
11,500 further remains were taken to West Norwood Cemetery and cremated, for burial there.
Another VC recipient, from the Indian Mutiny, South Africa-born Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe, was originally buried here in 1876 but following the discovery of his grave in neglected condition he was exhumed and reburied in his native town of Uitenhage in 1977.
He died on 12 April 1876 in Penge, Surrey and was interred in a non-descript grave in the West Norwood Cemetery.
Streatham Cemetery is a cemetery on Garratt Lane in Tooting, London; it is one of three cemeteries managed by Lambeth London Borough Council, the others being West Norwood Cemetery and Lambeth Cemetery.
Lambeth Cemetery, Tooting
It is one of three cemeteries owned by Lambeth London Borough Council, the others being West Norwood Cemetery and Streatham Cemetery.
Sir Henry BessemerBessemer Bessemer
He is buried in West Norwood cemetery,
Mrs BeetonMrs. BeetonThe Secret Life of Mrs Beeton
As a contrast, just a few yards to the west of the crematorium is the very simple headstone to Isabella Mary Mayson Beeton, aka Mrs Beeton, the Victorian cookery writer. Charles Spurgeon, Baptist preacher, Isabella Beeton (the famous cookery writer), who died at 28 in childbirth, Lloyd Jones, Co-operative Society activist, to name but a few.
Beeton was buried at West Norwood Cemetery on 11 February.
She was interred in the family vault at West Norwood Cemetery with her father, mother and grandmother.
Charles Spurgeon, Baptist preacher, Isabella Beeton (the famous cookery writer), who died at 28 in childbirth, Lloyd Jones, Co-operative Society activist, to name but a few.
He is buried in Norwood Cemetery with his wife who outlived him for only nine days.
Panayis VaglianoVagliano BrothersPanagis, Marinos and Andreas Vallianos
The Greek diaspora is well represented, including the Ralli family, Panayis Vagliano, Rodocanachi family, Michalinos Family and Princess Eugenie Palaeologue.
He was also a philanthropist in London, and donated money towards Saint Sophia Cathedral in London and the Greek Orthodox cemetery within West Norwood Cemetery, where he is interred next to his brother Marinos in a grand neoclassical Greek mausoleum modelled on the Tower of the Winds, now listed Grade II.
Paul Julius ReuterBaron Julius de ReuterBaron de Reuter
There are also many notables of the time, such as Sir Henry Tate, sugar magnate and founder of London's Tate Gallery, Arthur Anderson, co-founder of the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company, Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, founder of the news agency, and the Revd.
He was buried in West Norwood Cemetery in south London.