Western Liang (555–587)

Western LiangWestern Liang dynastyWestern Wei
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.wikipedia
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Liang dynasty

LiangSouthern LiangLiang Empire
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.
The small rump state Western Liang (555–587), located in Central China, continued until its annexation in 587.

Northern and Southern dynasties

Southern and Northern DynastiesSouthern DynastiesNorthern Dynasties
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.
Western Wei set up the puppet state of Western Liang with capital at Jiangling.

Rump state

rumpList of rump statesremnant state
As a result, Western Liang is usually considered a rump state of the Liang dynasty after 557.

Xiao Cha

Emperor Xuan of Western LiangEmperor XuanXuan Di
The Western Liang's founding emperor, Xiao Cha, was a grandson of the Liang dynasty founder Emperor Wu of Liang. The Western Liang had 3 emperors, Xiao Cha (Emperor Xuan), Xiao Kui (Emperor Ming), and Xiao Cong (Emperor Jing).
Emperor Xuan of (Western) Liang 梁宣帝; 519–562), personal name Xiao Cha, courtesy name Lisun, was the founding emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.

Xiao Kui

Emperor Ming of Western LiangXiao Ming DiEmperor Ming
The Western Liang had 3 emperors, Xiao Cha (Emperor Xuan), Xiao Kui (Emperor Ming), and Xiao Cong (Emperor Jing).
Emperor Ming of (Western) Liang (542–585), personal name Xiao Kui, courtesy name Renyuan, was an emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.

Xiao Cong

Emperor Jing of Western LiangEmperor JingXiao Jing Di
The Western Liang had 3 emperors, Xiao Cha (Emperor Xuan), Xiao Kui (Emperor Ming), and Xiao Cong (Emperor Jing).
Emperor Jing of (Western) Liang 梁靖帝, as later honored by Xiao Xi in 617), personal name Xiao Cong, courtesy name Wenwen, known during the Sui dynasty as the Duke of Ju then Duke of Liang, was the final emperor of the Chinese Western Liang dynasty.

Xiao Yuanming

Emperor Min
From 555 to 557 the two states existed simultaneously: Xiao Cha ruled from Jiangling, while the Liang dynasty emperors Xiao Yuanming and Xiao Fangzhi ruled from Jiankang.

Puppet state

puppet governmentpuppetpuppet regime
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.

Yangtze

Yangtze RiverYangzi RiverChangjiang
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.

Hubei

Hubei ProvinceHupehHubei, China
The Liang (555–587), later called the Western Liang or Later Liang to distinguish it from the Liang dynasty (502–557), was a small puppet state during the Northern and Southern dynasties period, located in the middle Yangtze region in today's central Hubei province.

Western Wei

Western Wei dynasty
From 555 to 557 it was subservient to the Western Wei, from 557 to 581 to the Northern Zhou (which replaced Western Wei), and from 581 to 587 to the Sui dynasty (which replaced Northern Zhou) before the Sui annexed it.

Northern Zhou

Northern Zhou dynastyZhou dynastyfrom China
From 555 to 557 it was subservient to the Western Wei, from 557 to 581 to the Northern Zhou (which replaced Western Wei), and from 581 to 587 to the Sui dynasty (which replaced Northern Zhou) before the Sui annexed it.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
From 555 to 557 it was subservient to the Western Wei, from 557 to 581 to the Northern Zhou (which replaced Western Wei), and from 581 to 587 to the Sui dynasty (which replaced Northern Zhou) before the Sui annexed it.

Emperor Wu of Liang

Emperor WuXiao YanWu Di
The Western Liang's founding emperor, Xiao Cha, was a grandson of the Liang dynasty founder Emperor Wu of Liang.

Jingzhou

JianglingJingzhou CityJing(zhou)
From 555 to 557 the two states existed simultaneously: Xiao Cha ruled from Jiangling, while the Liang dynasty emperors Xiao Yuanming and Xiao Fangzhi ruled from Jiankang.

Emperor Jing of Liang

Xiao FangzhiEmperor JingJing Di
From 555 to 557 the two states existed simultaneously: Xiao Cha ruled from Jiangling, while the Liang dynasty emperors Xiao Yuanming and Xiao Fangzhi ruled from Jiankang.

Jiankang

JianyeJiankang PrefectureJiangning
From 555 to 557 the two states existed simultaneously: Xiao Cha ruled from Jiangling, while the Liang dynasty emperors Xiao Yuanming and Xiao Fangzhi ruled from Jiankang.

Emperor Yuan of Liang

Xiao YiEmperor YuanYuan Di
Before 555, Emperor Yuan of Liang also ruled from Jiangling before he was captured and executed by Xiao Cha and his Western Wei backers.

Xiao Xian

Xiao XiLater Western LiangXiao Xian of Liang
From 617 to 621, when the Sui dynasty collapsed, Xiao Cha's great-grandson Xiao Xian occupied the former Western Liang territory (and more) and proclaimed himself King of Liang, but his short-lived state is usually considered separate.

Xiao Yu

Xiao Yu (574–647), courtesy name Shiwen, posthumously known as Duke Zhenbian of Song, was an imperial prince of the Western Liang dynasty who later became an official under the Sui and Tang dynasties.

Military history of the Sui–Tang dynasties

In 587, the Sui dynasty annexed Western Liang and began preparations for an invasion of the Chen dynasty.

Empress Xiao (Sui dynasty)

Empress XiaoPrincess XiaoXiao
The future Empress Xiao was born into the imperial house of the Western Liang dynasty – as a daughter of Emperor Ming of Western Liang, who claimed the Liang throne as a vassal of Northern Zhou and then Sui.

Empress Dowager Gong

Consort GongDowager GongLady Gong
Empress Dowager Gong (龔太后, personal name unknown) (died 562), formally Empress Dowager Yuan (元太后, literally "the discerning empress dowager") was an empress dowager of the Chinese dynasty Western Liang dynasty.