Western New York

Westernwestern portionWestern New York Statewestern partWNYGreater Western New YorkList of colleges and universities in Western New YorkW'''estern '''N'''ew Yorkwestern countiesWestern New York Region
Western New York is the westernmost region of the state of New York.wikipedia
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Rochester, New York

RochesterRochester, NYCity of Rochester
It includes the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Niagara Falls, Jamestown and the surrounding suburbs, as well as the outlying rural areas of the Great Lakes lowlands, the Genesee Valley, and the Southern Tier.
Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in western New York and the seat of Monroe County.

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
Western New York is the westernmost region of the state of New York.
Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls.

Buffalo, New York

BuffaloBuffalo, NYBuffalo, United States
It includes the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Niagara Falls, Jamestown and the surrounding suburbs, as well as the outlying rural areas of the Great Lakes lowlands, the Genesee Valley, and the Southern Tier.
While it is possible its name originated from French fur traders and Native Americans calling the creek Beau Fleuve (French for "Beautiful River"), it is also possible Buffalo Creek was named after the American buffalo, whose historical range may have extended into western New York.

Niagara Falls, New York

Niagara FallsNiagara Falls, NYCity of Niagara Falls
It includes the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Niagara Falls, Jamestown and the surrounding suburbs, as well as the outlying rural areas of the Great Lakes lowlands, the Genesee Valley, and the Southern Tier.
The city is within the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Western New York region.

Wyoming County, New York

WyomingWyoming CountyWyoming Co.
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
As with the rest of Western New York, Wyoming County was part of disputed territory throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, claimed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Pennsylvania Colony, New York Colony, and New France.

Genesee County, New York

GeneseeGenesee CountyBatavia, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
It is in Western New York.

Rochester metropolitan area, New York

Rochester metropolitan areaMetropolitan Statistical AreaRochester, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area
In terms of the combined statistical areas used by the United States Census Bureau, Western New York consists of the Buffalo-Cheektowaga, NY area, the Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY area, and the Elmira-Corning, NY area.
The Rochester metropolitan area, denoted the Rochester, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area by the United States Census Bureau, is a metropolitan statistical area consisting of six counties in Western New York, anchored by the city of Rochester, New York.

Chautauqua County, New York

ChautauquaChautauqua CountyJamestown-Dunkirk-Fredonia, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
Chautauqua County was organized by the state legislature during the development of western New York after the American Revolutionary War.

Steuben County, New York

SteubenSteuben CountyCorning, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
Ontario County was established in 1789 to govern lands the state of New York had acquired in the Phelps and Gorham Purchase; at the time it covered the entirety of Western New York.

Southern Tier

SouthernSouthern Tier of New YorkCentral Southern Tier
It includes the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Niagara Falls, Jamestown and the surrounding suburbs, as well as the outlying rural areas of the Great Lakes lowlands, the Genesee Valley, and the Southern Tier.
Other definitions define it as comprising the combined Corning-Elmira-Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Areas, which includes Steuben, Chemung, Tioga and Broome Counties but not Chautauqua, Cattaraugus or Allegany, which are considered Western New York.

Upstate New York

upstateNew YorkUpstate, New York
Western New York is in some contexts considered a sub-region of "Upstate New York" (when that term is used to describe all of New York State outside Long Island and the New York City metropolitan area); in other contexts it is considered a separate region from "Upstate."
Residents of Upstate New York sometimes prefer to identify with a more specific subregion, such as Western New York or Central New York.

Alfred (village), New York

Alfred, New YorkAlfredvillage of Alfred
Alfred,
Alfred is located in the hills of western New York along the Southern Tier.

Treaty of Hartford (1786)

Treaty of HartfordDecember 16, 1786 political settlementsurrendered
The historic beginnings of the region can be defined by its original eastern boundary of Preemption Line, created by the December 16, 1786 political settlement between the states of New York and Massachusetts, both of which claimed political dominion over the land.
The area in dispute included all of western New York State west of, approximately, Seneca Lake, extending all the way to the Niagara River and Lake Erie, and north to south from the shore of Lake Ontario to the Pennsylvania border.

New York–Pennsylvania border

Pennsylvania state lineNew York-Pennsylvania borderNew York state line
This portion of Western New York takes up most of the western New York counties along the New York–Pennsylvania border.
The 82nd mile stone was used as the starting point of the Preemption Line defined in the Treaty of Hartford in 1786 to separate Massachusetts and New York State land claims in Western New York.

Cassadaga, New York

CassadagaCassadaga, NYVillage of Cassadaga
Cassadaga,
Cassadaga is located on the northwestern edge of the Allegheny Plateau in western New York at 42°20'29" north, 79°18'56" west (42.341343, -79.315653) at an elevation of about 1340 ft above sea level.

Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area

Metropolitan Statistical AreaBuffaloBuffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area
In terms of the combined statistical areas used by the United States Census Bureau, Western New York consists of the Buffalo-Cheektowaga, NY area, the Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY area, and the Elmira-Corning, NY area.
The Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area, designated by the United States Census Bureau, encompassing two counties — Erie and Niagara — in Western New York, with a population, as of the 2010 census, of 1,135,509 inhabitants.

Gowanda, New York

GowandaGowanda villageGowanda, Cattaraugus County
Gowanda,
After the Revolutionary War, the American government secured land treaties with the Iroquois nations in western New York in 1784 and 1788.

Cattaraugus County, New York

CattaraugusCattaraugus CountyOlean, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
Cattaraugus County is considered part of Appalachia, as well as Western New York, upstate New York, the Southern Tier, the Twin Tiers and the Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus Combined Statistical Area.

Lake-effect snow

lake effect snowlake effectlake-effect
Western New York is known for its lake effect snows, which can result in highly localized, sometimes intense and even historic snow events.
The most affected areas include the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Central New York, Western New York, Northwestern Pennsylvania, Northeastern Ohio, southwestern Ontario and central Ontario, Northeastern Illinois (along the shoreline of Lake Michigan), northwestern and north central Indiana (mostly between Gary and Elkhart), northern Wisconsin (near Lake Superior), and West Michigan.

Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad (2001)

Western New York and Pennsylvania RailroadWestern New York & Pennsylvania RailroadWNY&P
The Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad and WNY&P both operate freight hauling in the region.
The Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad is a short-line railroad that operates freight trains in Western New York and Northwest Pennsylvania, United States.

New York high-speed rail

high-speed railhigh-speed rail in New Yorkstatewide high-speed rail network
For a period of time, there were proposals to service these four stations with high-speed rail.
Currently, Amtrak's Acela service between Washington, D.C., and Boston, Massachusetts is available to New York City, but the cities in Upstate New York and Western New York remain isolated from high-speed rail service.

Burned-over district

Burnt-Over Districtwestern New YorkBurned Over District
The New Religious Movement known as Spiritualism was among several that arose in the early 19th century burned-over district of Western New York.
The Burned-over District refers to the western and central regions of New York State in the early 19th century, where religious revivals and the formation of new religious movements of the Second Great Awakening took place, to such a great extent that spiritual fervor seemed to set the area on fire.

Iroquois

Iroquois ConfederacyHaudenosauneeSix Nations
The Seneca nation and their allies in the Iroquois Confederacy eliminated those tribes in wars during the Beaver Wars between 1638 and 1701, with any survivors being assimilated into the Senecas (in the case of the Erie and Neutral) or Huron (in the case of the Wenro).
When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Haudenosaunee were based in what is now the northeastern United States, primarily in what is referred to today as Central New York and Western New York, west of the Hudson River and through the Finger Lakes region, and upstate New York along the St. Lawrence River area downstream to today's Montreal.

Erie Canal

Eriecanalcanals
The two major Western New York cities, Buffalo and Rochester, benefited greatly from the opening of the Erie Canal.
The canal fostered a population surge in western New York and opened regions farther west to settlement.

Niagara County, New York

NiagaraNiagara CountyNiagara Counties
Western New York consists of 17 western counties in New York State: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates, with a land area of 11764 sqmi.
Many Niagara County residents also attend Erie and other Western New York County Schools.