Western Romance languages

WesternWestern RomanceWestern Romance languageGallo-Iberian languagesGallo-RomanceMozarabic–Pyrenean languagesProto Western RomanceProto-Western-RomanceWestern groupwestern group of Romance languages
Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line.wikipedia
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Portuguese language

PortuguesePortuguese-languageBrazilian Portuguese
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula.

Catalan language

CatalanCatalan-languageca
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.
Catalan (autonym: català; ) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.

La Spezia–Rimini Line

La SpeziaLa Spezia-RiminiMassa–Senigallia Line
Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line.
Romance languages on the eastern half of it include Italian and the Eastern Romance languages (Romanian, Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, Istro-Romanian), whereas Spanish, French, Catalan, Portuguese as well as Gallo‒Italic languages are representatives of the Western group.

Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilian
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.
The development of the Spanish sound system from that of Vulgar Latin exhibits most of the changes that are typical of Western Romance languages, including lenition of intervocalic consonants (thus Latin undefined > Spanish vida).

Italo-Western languages

Italo-WesternItalo-Western Romanceitalo-dalmatian languageas
Some classifications include Italo-Dalmatian; the resulting clade is generally called Italo-Western Romance.
It comprises two of the branches of Romance languages: Italo-Dalmatian and Western Romance.

Italo-Dalmatian languages

Italo-DalmatianItalo-Dalmatian familyItalo-Romance
Some classifications include Italo-Dalmatian; the resulting clade is generally called Italo-Western Romance.

Romance languages

RomanceRomance languageRomanic
Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line.

Ligurian (Romance language)

LigurianLigurian languageLigurian language (Romance)
It is part of the Gallo-Italic and Western Romance dialect continuum.

Piedmontese language

PiedmontesePiemontesePiedmont
It is part of the wider western group of Romance languages, which also includes French, Occitan, and Catalan.

Iberian Romance languages

Ibero-RomanceIberian RomanceIberian Romance language
They include the Gallo-Romance and Iberian-Romance branches as well as northern Italian.

Aragonese language

AragoneseAra.Aragonese orthography
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Galician language

GalicianGalegoGalician speaking
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Provençal dialect

ProvençalProvençal languageProvençal French
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Lombard language

Lombardlocal dialectLombard dialect
Lombard is from the Gallo-Italian languages, which share features with Gallo-Romance languages and other Western Romance languages.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Sardinian language

Sardiniansrdindigenous language
Sardinian does not fit into either Western or Eastern Romance, and may have split off before either.

Langues d'oïl

langue d'oïlOïlOïl languages
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Franco-Provençal language

Franco-ProvençalArpitanArpitan language
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Romansh language

RomanshRomanschRumantsch Grischun
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Ladin language

LadinLadinoLadin-speaking
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.

Gascon language

GasconGascon dialectGascon-Aranese dialect
Based on mutual intelligibility, Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Galician, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal, Romansh, and Ladin.