Wheeling Convention

First Wheeling ConventionWheeling ConventionsSecond Wheeling ConventionConventionnorthwestern VirginiaReorganized Government of VirginiaUnionist organizing
The 1861 Wheeling Convention was an assembly of Virginia Southern Unionist delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, aimed at repealing the Ordinance of Secession, which had been approved by referendum, subject to a vote.wikipedia
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Virginia

VACommonwealth of VirginiaVa.
The 1861 Wheeling Convention was an assembly of Virginia Southern Unionist delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, aimed at repealing the Ordinance of Secession, which had been approved by referendum, subject to a vote.
In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy, and Virginia's First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union; that led to the creation of West Virginia.

West Virginia

WVwestern VirginiaWest Virginia, USA
When it did, the assembly formed its own Restored government of Virginia, recognized by the Federal government, and empowered to authorize the creation of a new state of West Virginia.
West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions of 1861, after the American Civil War had begun.

Wheeling, West Virginia

WheelingWheeling, VirginiaWheeling, WV
Of the 429 delegates who attended, over one-third were from the area around Wheeling.
It was the location of the Wheeling Convention.

John Jay Jackson Jr.

Hon. J.J. JacksonJohn Jay Jackson
Immediately, a debate ensued over which delegates should be allowed to participate in the Convention: Gen. John Jay Jackson of Wood County suggested seating all northwestern Virginians, but John S. Carlile insisted that only those who had been legitimately appointed by their constituencies be allowed to participate.
Jackson's father, General John Jay Jackson of Wood County, attended the Wheeling Convention on West Virginia statehood.

Ordinance of Secession

secessionsecededordinances of secession
The 1861 Wheeling Convention was an assembly of Virginia Southern Unionist delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, aimed at repealing the Ordinance of Secession, which had been approved by referendum, subject to a vote.
Virginia's ordinance was approved by a referendum but rejected by 26 counties in the north and west of the state (see Wheeling Convention), leading to the creation of West Virginia.

Barbour County, West Virginia

Barbour CountyBarbourBarbour County, Virginia
Delegates from 25 western counties, however, assembled at Wheeling on 13 May for the first of a two meetings (see Wheeling Convention) called to repeal the Ordinance.

Mason Mathews

Delegate Mason Mathews from Greenbrier County instead attended the Virginia General Assembly in Confederate Richmond.
By 1863, the Confederate army had been driven from the area and Unionist organizing had led to the formation of the Union State of West Virginia, with Greenbrier County among those counties comprising the new state.

Restored Government of Virginia

Restored GovernmentUnionist governmentVirginia
When it did, the assembly formed its own Restored government of Virginia, recognized by the Federal government, and empowered to authorize the creation of a new state of West Virginia.
When the Second Wheeling Convention met in its first session, in June 1861, it adopted "A Declaration of the People of Virginia".

Joseph Snider

Joseph Snider (February 14, 1827 – January 9, 1909) was a member of the First Wheeling Convention and also the Convention that declared West Virginia a new state.

John S. Carlile

John Carlile
Immediately, a debate ensued over which delegates should be allowed to participate in the Convention: Gen. John Jay Jackson of Wood County suggested seating all northwestern Virginians, but John S. Carlile insisted that only those who had been legitimately appointed by their constituencies be allowed to participate.
He was a leader in the anti-secession movement, and was prominent in the Wheeling Convention of June 1861.

John J. Davis (congressman)

John J. DavisJohn J.DavisJohn James Davis
29 of the convention delegates were members of the Virginia General Assembly as state delegates or state senators, such as John J.Davis of Harrison County and Lewis Ruffner of Kanawha County.
On May 13–15, J.J. Davis was among seven Harrison County men attending the Wheeling Convention which established the Restored Government of Virginia.

Arthur I. Boreman

Arthur BoremanGovernor Boreman
Arthur I. Boreman was selected to serve as president, and he declared, "We are determined to live under a state government in the United States of America and under the Constitution of the United States."
In May 1861, Wood County voters elected him to the Second Wheeling Convention, and fellow delegates elected him as the convention's President.

William B. Zinn

William B. Zinn, who had represented Preston County many times in the Virginia General Assembly, was elected chairman.
After the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861 voted to secede from the Union over the vehement opposition of Preston County's delegates, Brown and James C. McGrew, Zinn became one of the Preston County leaders who attended the first Wheeling Convention in May 1861.

Waitman T. Willey

Waitman Willey
Waitman T. Willey responded to Carlile's plan by saying that it was "triple treason" — treason against the state of Virginia, the United States, and the Confederacy.
Although conservative (and a slaveowner), Willey actively participated at the First Wheeling Convention, which ultimately led to West Virginia statehood (although Willey had been among those who blocked John S. Carlile's proposal for immediate statehood).

Southern Unionist

Unionistopposed to secessionpro
The 1861 Wheeling Convention was an assembly of Virginia Southern Unionist delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, aimed at repealing the Ordinance of Secession, which had been approved by referendum, subject to a vote.
Wheeling Convention

Ebenezer E. Mason

Ebenezer Erskine Mason (August 28, 1829 – June 18, 1910) (a/k/a/ "Ebon" or "Eben") was a farmer who also served as a local magistrate and one of Fairfax County, Virginia's two delegates to the Wheeling Convention in 1861 which created the Restored Government of Virginia and led to the creation of the state of West Virginia.

Peter G. Van Winkle

Van Winkle
After Virginia seceded from the Union, much to the distress of many in its northwestern corner, Wood County voters elected Van Winkle to the second Wheeling Convention in 1861.

Virginia Declaration of Rights

Declaration of RightsBill of RightsVirginia's Declaration of Rights
The document declared that under the Virginia Declaration of Rights, any substantial change in the form of state government had to be approved by a referendum.
The delegates to the Wheeling Convention argued that under the Declaration of Rights, any change in the form of government had to be approved by a referendum.

John Hawxhurst

Hawxhurst was one of Fairfax County's two delegates at the Wheeling Convention of 1861 (alongside his neighbor, Maine-born Ebenezer E. Mason(1829-1910)).

Alexander Scott Withers

Withers, Alexander Scott
Alexander Scott Withers, delegate for Lewis County at the First Convention
Alexander Scott Withers (12 October 1792, near Warrenton, Virginia – 23 January 1865, near Parkersburg, West Virginia) was a Virginia lawyer, planter, magistrate, teacher and delegate to the First Wheeling Convention (1861) establishing the state of West Virginia.

Francis Harrison Pierpont

Francis H. PierpontFrancis Pierpont
Francis Pierpont of Marion County was elected governor.
When Virginia seceded and entered the war, delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, which refused to join the Confederacy, met at the Wheeling Convention.

Virginia Conventions

First Virginia Conventionprovisional assemblyspecial convention
Virginia Conventions
The First Wheeling Convention meeting at Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia), sat on May 13–15.

East Tennessee Convention

A similar effortgroup of pro-Union leaders in East Tennesseeseparate Union-aligned state
East Tennessee Convention, a similar event by pro-Union East Tennessee representatives
*Wheeling Convention, a similar convention held in what is now present day West Virginia in the city of Wheeling

Preston County, West Virginia

Preston CountyPrestonPreston County, Virginia
William B. Zinn, who had represented Preston County many times in the Virginia General Assembly, was elected chairman.

Virginia General Assembly

General AssemblyVirginiaVirginia legislature
Delegate Mason Mathews from Greenbrier County instead attended the Virginia General Assembly in Confederate Richmond. William B. Zinn, who had represented Preston County many times in the Virginia General Assembly, was elected chairman.